Beaumont data de Texas

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2020.05.10 05:48 Rocknocker OBLIGATORY FILLER MATERIAL – Breaking Bad, Part 2

The flight continued along as smooth as a baby’s bottom. Nary a bump or jostle. Hours later, I was playing with the in-flight entertainment system when Major Nak awoke.
I toasted him with a fresh drink and asked if he felt fully functional.
“Doctor?”, he asked, “Have you slept at all?”
“On the flight? Nah.”, I replied, “I slept well last night. Besides, this flight’s been fascinating.”
“Do you always drink like that?” he asks.
“Of course not!”, I replied, indignantly, “Sometimes, I really twist off and tie one on.”
“Seriously?” he asks, shocked.
“Major, I’ll let you I on a little secret.”, I said in confidence, “I’m a member of a certain class of unusual creatures; I’m an ethanol-fueled carbon-based organism. Many other geologists are as well. We tend to be drawn to that particular science.”
He stares at me with a look that is a cross between incredulity and “you fuckin’ with me?”
“You’re not normal…”, was his only reply as he shook his head.
“Not by a long shot!”, I laugh, drain my drink, and signal for another.
After one arrives, Major Nak stumbles to the head. A few minutes later, the annunciator notes that we are on the flight path to Bhavnagar Airport and should be landing in 20 minutes.
Another drink and beer chaser later, we’re buckled into our seats and on final approach. We land light as a feather without a crosswind, a perfect three-point touchdown. We taxi for a bit and stop out on the tarmac, next to a large non-descript gray-colored four-door sedan.
We begin to deplane and I see my luggage being loaded into the sedan already. Before I get off the plane, I am asked for my passport. The steward of the flight stamps it and welcomes me to India.
Off to the sedan and I see it’s larger than most usual 4-door types. It’s a minor limo of sorts, with rear and front-facing seats, like an old London taxi, except one wall is taken up with a fold-out bar.
Oh, I’m going to like this job.
I am instructed to sit in the back. Major Nak is sitting up front, working on papers of some sort.
I am told the travel time to Alang, the place where I’ll be staying, is approximately one to one and a half hours. I am asked to please make myself comfortable and if I desire, there is a humidor on the back forward-facing seat. I am to help myself to that and the bar, and enjoy the ride.
Which I did. The scenery was your bog-standard usual coastal highway sort of stuff, moderately interesting for the first 5 minutes, then it just sort of blurs together.
I sampled the humidor and most of the bottles in the bar while we wound our way south to Alang. It was getting late in the afternoon, so it was decided that I would be taken to the “Raj”, the company’s corporate house for when high-ranking business types, visitors, and guests arrive for more than a single overnight.
Alang is a company town, and that company is the Ship Breaker’s. It’s a fairly common sort of one-industry town; kind of shabby, kind of old, kind of desperate. It’s not horrible like some oil towns in West Siberia, Venezuela, or West Africa; but it’s no Paris, Texas either. There are some green areas, quite a slew of shops selling sea-sailing ship-sourced stuff, and a few residences.
We travel along and I can smell the diesel, dejection, and desperation in the air. This place is an area of low wages, hard work, little to no environmental or HSE controls, and throngs of men wanting to work. This is going to be some kind of experience.
We wheel around a well-planted and manicured corner and arrive at the “Raj”. It is a colonial-era, how can I put it? It’s a fucking mansion. Situated behind security fences on grounds of approximately 4 acres, at least. It’s an Edwardian or Georgian pile some four stories thick. There is a security shack out front and even Major Nak has to show his ID in order to enter.
They take my photo, particulars, and have me sign-in. Looks like I’ll be the only VIP staying here for the duration of my contract. However, I certainly won’t be alone.
There are butlers, cooks, chauffeurs, maids, and other forms of domestic help. And they are all there just to make my stay as pleasant as possible.
We drive into the compound, for the lack of a better term, come to a thick security door where the driver punches in a code and we are allowed to enter the underground parking facility. There are several security vehicles parked down here, a couple of motorcycles that I intend to ask to borrow. Before we went underground, I saw at least two teams of security forces patrolling the grounds with huge Alsatian dogs.
“Is all this security really necessary?” I asked Major Nak.
“Better safe than sorry”, he bewilderingly replies.
“OK”, I reply, “Thanks for the clear-cut answer.”
He smiles and confides that they’ve never had any trouble here, but since it’s where VIPs and corporate shills stay, they make a brave noise to dissuade anyone with evil on their mind. Shipbreaking is big business, with receipts measured annually in the billions of rupees. Yes, I agree, better safe than sorry.
We exit the sedan as two worker bees attend to my luggage. We are lead to an elevator and get in, take a quick ride due up, and exit on the main floor.
“Holy shit!”, I exclaim lowly. “This place is incredible.”
Full late 1800’s glory expressed in dark, thick hand-carved wood, leather, and dripping in opulence. It’s quite the sight, and it takes me a minute to realize that all this pomp and circumstance is being laid out for me. Now it’s Major Nak’s time to smile on my bewilderment. He asks me to walk with him as he needs to ‘introduce me to the staff’.
But first, a young lady appears, in a traditional maid’s outfit, and asks if I require anything.
“Loaded question”, I smile, “But I am a bit dry. If you could rustle me up a drink, I’d be beholden to you.”
She smiles and looks to Major Nak for a translation. He speaks in Hindi and she smiles wider and scurries off.
“What did you tell her?” I ask.
“That you’re American and can’t be expected to speak normal English”, he laughs, “Plus I told her of your favorite drink.”
“Why, thanks Major.”, I smile.
“Anytime, Doctor.”, he replies.
We walk along and the cute maid reappears with my drink. Major Nak is holding off and abstaining for the time being.
We walk along and meet the head of the household, the Majordomo, one Mr. Kanada. We exchange greetings.
“If you require anything, Doctor”, he tells me, “Please let me know. I have read your contract so when I say ‘anything’, that is precisely what is meant.”
“I will do that”, I reply and give him a hearty handshake in return.
Suddenly, a young male individual type appears. He looks very intent and earnest.
“Doctor Rocknocker?” He asks.
“Yes. And you are?”, I reply.
“I am Sanjay. I am your personal assistant while you are here in India.” He smiles back.
“Nice to meet you, Sanjay”, I reply, “What are your qualifications?”
I’m not messing around. I’m going to have a full tour on this job. He appears quite young but does have a good handle on English. At least English that I can understand.
“I hold a Bachelor’s Degree in Geology. I am going for my Master’s next semester, once this virus business is over with. I speak Hindi, Urdu, English, and some Russian. I carry a light, the time, and your favorite vodka. I am 100% at your disposal.” He smiles and hands me an airline-sized miniature of Blest Vodka; a local favorite.
I look at Major Nak, “Oh, I like him. Good choice.”
Sanjay beams. Major Nak smiles as well.
Major Nak continues, “Sanjay here can show you the rest of the house. If you’ll excuse me, I must be off to camp”.
“Most certainly, Major Nak. It’s been a pleasure.” I reply as we shake hands in a very manly fashion.
“I hope to see you before you leave, Doctor. Perhaps at the yards to see your progress. “ he notes.
“I look forward to that, Major.” I smile
He smiles to Sanjay, and does a briskly military about-face and disappears.
“Doctor Rocknocker”, Sanjay continues…
“Sanjay.”, I interrupt, “Call me ‘Rock’, it’ll save everyone a lot of time.”
“Oh, OK. Sure. Doct…um, Rock”, he says, as I smile back. “You must have made a big impression on Major Nak. He hardly talks to anyone he oversees.”
“Oversees?”, I smile, “OK, he seemed harmless enough. Affable chap. Can’t hold his liquor worth a shit though. But you’re not to say I said so. ..”
“Understood, Doc…Rock”, Sanjay smiles, “Let me show you the rest of the house. Let’s go to the basement first. “
“OK, fine. You lead and I’ll follow.” I replied.
The basement was one of wonders. A large heated and chilled pool, a sauna, fairly well kitted out gym, and a game room. The game room held a snooker table, a billiards table, a ping-pong table, and a Ms. PacMan table video game and a Galaga upright game. Vintage. Sweet.
There were cupboards full of ping-pong paddles, ping-pong balls, pool, and snooker cues, as well as the remotes for the sound system and large, flat-screen TV, with uncensored 7-satellite feed, hanging on one wall. There were several comfy chairs strewn around. This would be a nice place to relax after a long day of blowing the living shit out of old rusty boats.
“Nice”, I noted, “But no beer cooler or bar in the rec room?”
Sanjay smiled and motioned me to the elevator.
Moment.” was all he said. He did speak a bit of Russian.
We go up two floors and exit the elevator. One side of this floor was taken up with a huge library, complete with a huge antique harp, a very shiny black Steinway grand piano, hundreds if not thousands of books, and several large leather chairs and a couple of leather couches and ashtrays strewn about.
Another place to waste a modicum of time.
Then Sanjay points me north to the other side of the floor.
There was a huge bar, fully stocked, with about a dozen barstools in front. There were at least a dozen taps of Indian, British, and Indonesian beer. There were hundreds of bottles of non-repeating liquor. There was a large ice machine humming away in the corner, full bar glass set-up, wash station, and dishwasher under one corner of the bar. There were several under-bar coolers full of carbonated drinks, juices, and other potential mixers.
“We have two dedicated barmen at your disposal”, Sanjay smiled, “Or you can go ahead and use it self-serve if you desire.”
I look at the empty glass in my hand and decide we’ll go ahead and inaugurate it now and not bother to call the barmen.
Sanjay, eager to please, runs behind the bar and asks what I’d like.
“Well, since we’re in India”, I say, rubbing my chin, “Let’s start out with a nice IPA.”
“Certainly”, he replies, “Light or dark?” as they had two on tap.
“Oh, dark, I think.”, I said, “And since you’re back there, why not grab yourself one and get me 100 milliliters of the finest chilled house vodka.”
“Yes, Doctor!”, he smiled and fetched our drinks.
Sanjay and I spent an hour or two at the bar getting to know each other. Several times, house employees rolled through to see if I needed any dinner or a cigar or…
“Good lord”, I say to Sanjay after the fourth one in an hour was dismissed, “They keep this up and I might take them up on something off the menu.”
“I can arrange that”, Sanjay smirked.
“Thank you, no. That was a joke.”, I told him, “I’ve been married 39 years to the finest partner and deadliest crack shot this side of Annie Oakley. Besides, I have no desire for any of that sort of extracurricular shenanigans. It was a joke. Seriously.”
“Understood, Rock”, Sanjay said. “I’m not married, but I am engaged. I understand fully.”
“Good and congratulations”, I replied, “No need to get off on the wrong foot or anything.”
“Or anything?” Sanjay smirks and raises an eyebrow.
“Keep that up and I might just keep you on as my assistant.” I said, “You will need a good sense of humor before this all over.”
Sanjay quaffed his beer and smiled broadly.
After I had him get me another beer and asked for my room as I was needing a cigar. He pulled out a phone, dialed a few numbers, and Hindi’ed directly into the device for a minute.
“No worries, Rock”, he said, “One will be here directly.”
“Fine”, I replied, “Now Sanjay, this job is not all skittles and beer, if you take my meaning.”
“Oh, look. Your cigars have arrived.” He says, totally distracting me.
An ancient butler pushing a silver tea cart appears. On the cart is a very large humidor full of many different shades, shapes, and sizes of cigars.
I went to grab one when the butler stops me and tells me to make a selection.
“Oh, oh, oh! Very nice.” I say and point to a likely looking Oscuro Churchill.
He takes the cigar, carefully wipes it with fine cheesecloth, and asks what type of cut I like; V-cut, punch, or slant.
“Oh, V-cut, if you please,” I reply.
He V-cuts my cigar and with his with gloved hands, holds it out for me to inspect.
“Lovely,” I reply. I jam the cigar in my yap and start digging around the pockets of my field vest for my lighter.
He taps me on the shoulder and extends a lit piece of cedar bark. The ‘traditional’ British way of lighting a cigar.
After all that, he tells me his direct number is 214 and that if I need anything more to have one of the staff ring him. With that, he turns heel and exits without another word.
“Well”, I smirk, “That was weird.”
Sanjay just smiles and tells me to get used to it. They will do everything here for you if you allow them.
“Yeah, I’ll bet.”, I say, get up and pour myself a new beer. A ‘Tiger’ this time. I ask Sanjay if he’s ready for a refill and he tells me he’s good.
I grab another 100 milliliters of chilled Old Fornicator Vodka and sit back down at the bar.
“Now, where were we? Ah, yes. Can you be a hard ass, Sanjay? Can you tell your peers ‘no’?” I ask.
“Will I have to?” he asks.
“Yep.” I say, “Damn, this is a really fine cigar. But working with me, you best develop a thick skin and a hard head.”
“Oh, OK”, he says, obviously confused.
“Right.” I say, “Serious talk time. I’m the boss on this project. What I says, goes. No questions. Period. You’re my de facto second in command. We are here to teach 24 of your comrades how to blast boats to smithereens and how to train the next set of like-minded individuals. This is a step up for them, every one. It means more money, more security, more prestige. I need only 24 and from what I hear, there’s what, up to 30,000 workers here? Guess what? That means a lot that are going to go home disappointed. They might hold that against me and you, Me? I don’t give the tiniest shit. But I’m going to leave after a couple of weeks. You’re here for the duration and going to take over my spot. Some of these characters might get shirty and decide to tap dance on your head if you tell them no. You have to be ready for that. Can you deal with that situation?”
Sanjay just sits there and looks intently at the finely polished hardwood floor.
“This is old hat for me,” I tell him. “I’ve had to tell some good friends that they weren’t picked for the job or contract. It’s business. And some have been less than adult about how they handled the rejection. There have been threats, usually hollow and empty. There have been altercations, usually unimportant. There have been fights with bloodied noses, broken arms, and police reports. But in the end, I had to stick to my guns. You ready for that, young Mr. Sanjay?”
“Thank you, Doctor Rock…”, he replies, “I never thought about it that way. But, yes, I think I can handle that situation if it arises. It’s business like you say and I am able to defend myself.”
“That’s good”, I reply, “At least physically. What about mentally? You might have to tell a good friend to get stuffed; in a nice manner, of course.”
“I think so.”, he replied, “I’ll follow your lead over the next couple of weeks. Call it ‘on the job training’.”
“Mr. Sanjay”, I say, “I do think you’ll do.”
We talk a bit more and I decide that after one more round of drinks, I’ll call 214, grab a couple of cigars and have Sanjay show me my room.
On the way down the long hall, Sanjay is smiling in a weird sort of way.
“OK, give,” I say.
“No, no yet. Wait until you see your room.” He snickers.
Now I’m worried.
We come to a large, polished, and engraved oak door. He produces a key from out of the depths of a Stephan King novel, twists it in the lock, and the door silently swings open.
“Holy shit!”, I exhale.
The room is enormous.
En suite bathroom where one could hold an Olympics meet in the Jacuzzi. American Standard bog, flanked on either side by bidets. Twin sinks, a shower with tropical, right out of the ceiling rainfall, or the new waterfall shower design. Or both. With steam function. Not boiling water, but live steam like any sauna.
“I could get to like this”, I mutter.
The room is fully carpeted with tapestries on the walls. A large, Victorian oak desk is over on one side, with a very nice dual-screen computer work station at my disposal. There is a note with my login and password in the leather-bound legal pad on the ergonomic computer chair before it. There is a huge flat-screen TV over on the other wall with the same 7-satellite feed as in the rec room.
“Whoa!” I say, “Data overload.”
My luggage is next to the built-in wardrobes. One houses a bespoke mini-bar.
“The maids would have put your clothes away”, Sanjay explains, “But they were locked. I can call them if you’d like.”
“Sure”, I reply, “Why not?” I see two of the aluminum cases that I marked “Careful: Scientific Instruments” are next to the computer workstation.
Two maids presently arrive and I unlock my luggage. They set to putting it away and are tsking that it needs to be pressed first.
“Perhaps later”, I said, “It’s been a day and I’m a bit knackered.”
“I will turn down your bed then”, one of the nubiles remarks.
Sanjay is now smiling way, way too broadly. I go through the door to the master bedroom.
“Holy shit squared,” I say.
There is a huge four-poster Edwardian? Georgian? bed. The carved wooden uprights are the diameter of telephone poles. I’m a pretty large person, but on this bed, I’ll need a personal transponder as its large enough for me to get lost. Easily 3x4 meters and the mattress is nice and firm, just the way I like it.
On top of the bed are blankets, a comforter, a quilt, an afghan, and more feather-stuffed keep-warms than I ever saw outside of Siberia. Under those, I’d sweat away to nothingness; but it looks so damned comfy.
The bed properly turned back, I thank the maid and make the noises like I want her to get the fuck out so I can get horizontal.
Sanjay notes that and has her and the other maid exit. All my clothes are put away, even my field vest I discarded when we walked into the room is tutted over and hung up.
“So, Rock?” he laughs, “What do you think?”
“I think if I didn’t have a serious job to do, I’d come down with some damned virus that would require me to stay home and socially distance myself.” I laugh.
“Sorry, but work begins tomorrow. What time would you like for me to ring you?” he asks.
“Right”, I said, “About that. I want to be on the job at 0600. Not leaving here at 0600, not wheels up at 0600. I want to be ready to select my 24 candidates beginning at 0600 tomorrow. I leave that to you. When do we need to leave, so when do I need to be rung up?”
“I’ll call you at… 0430…?” he cautiously says.
“Fine.” I reply, “Make certain that the notices I sent were posted. I want my 100 applicants ready and on-site spot-on 0600. I’ll need a large black coffee in a travel mug. Green?”
“Green?” he asks.
“My shorthand for ‘are we in agreement?’” I say.
“Oh, yes. Rock. Very green. See you in the morning.” He says, shakes my hand and departs; but not before leaving me the room key.
I lock the door and strip down. A steamy shower and a couple of very well-appointed in-room mini-bar bourbons later, I’m going over Email. Seeing nothing that can’t wait until the next day or two, I flop into bed and immediately become a missing person.
The phone cheerily chirps at me at precisely 0430. If I had my Casull, that phone would be in another dimension. As it is, I drag my carcass to vertical, grab the phone, say “Thanks” and hang up.
A quick shower, a couple of shower sunrisers, and I’m feeling much better. Damn near human. I gather the day’s necessities, don my vest, and Stetson over my usual field outfit and toddle downstairs. I’m not 5 steps out of the room when the maids arrive with the intent of committing premeditated neatness in my room.
I wave to them, and gargle an obligatory “Morning”, and head down to the main floor.
I am greeted by Sanjay, who is holding a large metal thermal coffee travel mug for me.
“You are a gentleman, scholar, and life-saver”, I say to him.
He beams in the way-too-early morning light.
“Breakfast, Doctor?” he asks.
“Just coffee. I don’t want to eat too much these first few days. ‘Delhi belly’ and all that. Too much work to do.” I remonstrate.
“Understood.” Sanjay complies, “Cigar?”
“Yes, it is,” I say.
“I have brought along a box of them for you today,” he adds, smiling.
“Outstanding”, I say and sip my coffee. Surprisingly, it is of the Greenland variety.
“The driver is waiting. Anytime you are ready, Rock”, Sanjay informs me.
“Give me a few minutes,” I say as I review the morning edition of the Times of India. I was actually waiting for the fine coffee to take effect.
A few minutes later, we’re headed down the coast to the beach; right where the rubber hits the road. Or rather, the ships scrape the sand.
Alang is the biggest ship breaking facility in the world. There are more than 400 ship breaking platforms here. They break about 1,500 ships every year. At any time about 300 people can be working on a single ship. The total workforce here is 40,000 plus. There are complaints about the treatment of workers and their service conditions. Ships are broken down crudely by hand using the minimum machinery; typically oxygen lances and welding torches.
It’s a horror show. Huge, rusty, jagged pieces of ships everywhere. Puddles of every color, containing noxious chemicals of every description. Lead, organotins such as tributyltin in anti-fouling paints, polychlorinated organic compounds, by-products of combustion such as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, dioxins, and furans are found in ships and pose a great danger to the environment and personnel.
There is a singular lack of PPE (Personal Protective Equipment) here. Thatched, woven palm-frond ‘hardhats’. Steel-toed sandals; if you grasp the irony. No coveralls, gloves nor much else. Ragged shorts, torn shirts, and car-tire soled sandals are the uniforms here.
Well, if there’s one thing I can do, it’s change this.
We wheel into an area containing a huge tent-like structure, a couple of Quonset huts, and a smattering of non-descript outbuildings. The place is swarming with workers. All male, all young, and all looking to be part of the chosen 24 today.
We park and I’m shown into the large tent-like structure. At the head of the tent are a table, a PA system microphone, and a desk where we can sit down and tally the day’s take.
“OK, Sanjay”, I say, “Time to work. Remember I sent ahead the qualifications I’m looking for in trainees?”
I had cabled ahead for them to pre-select 50 candidates, 175-225 pounds, 5’ 9” to 6’ 3”, preferably unmarried bachelors, which tend to be the best kind. They must be English reading and speaking. I need the larger guys to handle the physical demands of the job. They need to be within the height requirements as those are the heights my pre-ordered coveralls will fit. They must be fluent in spoken and written English as I don’t have time to learn Hindi.
There were easily 5 times that number milling about just outside.
“OK, here’s the deal”, I said, “Here are 100 numbered chits. You will pass them out to the first 100 gents outside that pass initial muster. That is their ticket inside. Pucker time. Think you can handle the throng?”
“I’ve got this, Rock”, he says, with a stalwart look.
“OK, but if you need help, you know where I am,” I reply.
I busy myself constructing a 10x10 grid on a sheet of paper. I number it 1 to 100. This will keep tabs on our candidates.
Behind me, on the wall, are 24 brass tokens, ‘chits’, about the size of a US$1 Silver Bullion coin, about 1.5 inches in diameter, numbered 1 to 24. They have a flat space for a name to be engraved upon. These are the coveted chits that enable a person to graduate out of the swill and into the ranks of blasterdom and eventual teaching.
Right now, they are the most coveted possession within hundreds of miles.
One by one, pre-selected individuals are filtering in and finding seats. Sanjay is doing quite the job, as so far, they all fill the bill nicely. Whether they pass or fail muster will be determined in the next couple of hours.
I sip my coffee and smoke my cigars. The room swells by the numbers. Soon, all the seats are taken and Sanjay rejoins me at the head podium.
“Good job, Mr. Sanjay”, I say, shaking his hand. “Let’s take a couple of minutes and then we shall begin, OK?”
He agrees. I head to the loo and he takes my coffee for a refill. We reappear a few minutes later and I grab the microphone for the PA system.
I key the mike, “Hello! Please, everyone, quiet down and pay attention!”
Very few replies much less capitulation.
Sanjay stands and shouts something in Hindi.
The room goes deathly silent.
“Remind me to ask you to teach me that,” I say and return to the job at hand.
“Gentlemen. Welcome to the selection board for Blaster’s Assistants. If you are not here for that particular position, the exit’s to the rear.”
No one moves, except to shift to pay me more attention.
“OK. Great. I am Dr. Rocknocker, the headmaster of this special education class. I am the boss. The hookin’ bull. The head cheese. I am the Maharaja of this project. What I says, goes. I am an American, I am a geologist, and I don’t tolerate tomfoolery or bullshit from anyone. I say jump, you say ‘how high’? I say shit and you ask ‘what color’? You will follow my instructions implicitly, without question. Are we in agreement?” I ask.
There are a few feeble “Yeah’s”, and “OK’s” that drift up out of the crowd.
“Gentlemen. I am an American, as I said, and I’m old, weary, and slightly hard of hearing. I don’t expect you to use your indoor voice around me. You answer so I can hear you, loud and clear. Understand?”
“Yes.” Comes a few half-hearted attempts.
“GOD DAMN IT! I’m the fuckin’ deaf one. DO YOU UNDERSTAND ME?!?
“Yes, Doctor!” came the reply.
YES, DOCTOR!” came the thunderous response.
“Outstanding,” I reply.
There were some snickers and chuckles in the crowd. It was time to toughen up the crowd and see if I can thin the ranks early.
“Gentlemen! Your attention.” I roar.
I had their attention.
I hold up my gloved left hand. I rip off the glove and show everyone my physical deformity. There were gasps, groans, and a couple of less hearty souls bolting for the door.
“I received this in a Russian rig accident years ago. It was not from a blasting accident. I’ve never had one and don’t intend on starting now. If this bothers you, leave. This is me and I’m the instructor.” I announced. “That fact will not change.”
Physical deformities here really scare some folks. I figured I’d get this out of the way straight off, and that would be one less thing to worry about. We lost three with that revelation.
“Groovy,” I said as I replace my glove.
“Now, we will begin the final selection. You all have your numbered tokens, one through a hundred. If you thought because you had a low number, you’d be first, forget it. I have a random number generator application on my phone, set from one to one hundred. And the first number is number…Lucky 13! Lucky 13. Come forward, front and center, and be recognized.” I say.
Sanjay is seated next to me with our book of the job. He’ll be handling secretarial duties whilst I do the interviewing.
“Your token?” I ask.
The young gent hands me lucky number 13.
“Fine.” I say, “Name?”
Name go in book.
“Age? Company number? Years with the company? Married? If so, children?”
All data goes into the book in the proper zones.
I ask a few questions about the job, to make sure they know what they’re in for.
“How’s your English?” I ask.
“I speaks it very goodly”, was the reply.
I pick up this month’s Journal of Explosives Engineering monthly and hand it to him.
“Page 22. Read the first paragraph, please.” I instruct him.
He fumbles with the magazine, counts singly to page 22, and tries to read some random, but not first, paragraph.
I retrieve the magazine, thank him, and tell him we’ll be in touch.
Everyone and I mean everyone, chosen or not, will be personally told of their results.
I mean, it’s only right and fair. It’s the way I’ve done business for 40 years and it’s worked pretty well so far.
Candidates number 9, 57, and 42 results in much the same way.
“Number 77!” I call.
He lopes up to the podium.
“Your token, please,” I say
He hands it over.
We gather the information and he’s unmarried and without children.
How refreshing.
I hand him the journal and ask him to read the last paragraph on page 52.
“iRing has announced, “a breakthrough technology in ring design for underground mines” that uses a completely new blast design model. The development of this innovative blasting technique uses a unit charge and stress reflection methodology in conjunction with electronic detonators to design ring patterns with the objective of transforming underground blasting operations into primary crushing operations.”
“Your name again?” I ask
“I am Waazir Naidu.” He replies.
“Mr. Naidu, welcome aboard,” I say as I hand him his brass token. “You are trainee number one. Do not lose your token. It is your key up out of the swill.”
He smiles broadly and turns to the crowd to display his brass letter of acceptance. There are growls from the crowd, as well as a smattering of applause.
“We will reconvene in Outbuilding #2 at 1300 hours. See you there.” I say and shake his hand.
He’s all beaming smiles as he almost literally floats out the door.
We spent the rest of the morning thinning the herd. There were some judgment calls, but by 1130 hours, we were down to two candidates and one last brass token.
“Number 79!” I call.
He approaches, we do the usual and get his information.
“Please read paragraph three on page…oh, I don’t know, 31.”
He fumbles with the magazine a while and stutters and stammers somewhat.
“OK, thanks.” I say, “We’ll let you know.”
“OK, number 5! The best and last number 5!”
“About time!’ He scowls.
“Excuse me?” I said.
“You really are deaf, Yankee benchod.” He sneers quietly; but loud enough for me to hear.
He figures he’s a shoo-in; last number called, last chit on the board.
“Sanjay, a moment,” I ask.
“This “benchod”? Not a term of endearment, I take it?”
“Ah, no”, he stammers.
“And it means?” I ask.
“You don’t want to know.” Sanjay hopefully replies.
“But, yes, I do. I insist.” I reply.
“It means colloquially ‘motherfucker’. ‘Sister fucker’ literally.” He splutters.
“Hmmm. OK. A new term for my dictionary. Fine. Let us continue.”
Name, age, etc. all go in book.
I hand him the magazine. He almost rips it from my hands.
“OK, please read the ad on page 55. All of it.” I instruct.
He flips the magazine to page 55. There’ a half-page ad in Russian for a new form of blasting cap super-boosters.
“I can’t read that.” He complains.
“Well, then me ol’ mucker; looks like you’re just shit out of luck. Good day.” I say.
“Sanjay”, I say, “Go outside and find number 79. He’s our last candidate trainee.”
“You said you wanted good English readers.” The rejected complains.
“Yes”, I agreed, “But I also need people that can follow instructions and not have a Gibraltar size chip on their shoulder. I’m the boss, and what I say goes. And I say you go, dick cheese. Ta-ta.”
He realizes his mistake and beings to entreat me with tales of woe.
“If that was a loose blasting wire, we’d all be dead. I don’t need an attitude. I need people with brains enough to listen. Now, piss off. We’re done here.” I say.
“Benchod fucker”, he snarls. “I keel you.”
Luckily my coffee mug was nearly half empty. Otherwise, it could have really left a mark across his face where I slammed him with it.
He’s down on the ground, wondering what hit him. I’m standing over him, towering and glowering. It was that kind of day. I don’t have time for monks resisting the carnival.
“You get the fuck out of my sight, you sawed-off little prick. You’re lucky I’m in a good mood and don’t give you a fucking C-4 enema. Or kick your scrawny ass to death. You might still have your shit job here in the yard, but I hear from anyone one more foul oath or unkind word out of you and you’re going to be Alsatian chow back at the Raj. You diggin’ me, Beaumont
He just looked at me with eyes as wide as cheap paper plates at a windy Sunday picnic.
“Get out of here, you asshole.” I snarled and puffed mightily on my cigar.
He got up and scarpered. He didn’t even take the time to dust off.
Sanjay arrived with number 79 just as he hit the exit.
I hand number 79, one Mr. Yudhishthira Bahaiti, brass token number 24.
“Welcome aboard. Sorry about the foul-up. It’s been handled. See you in building #2 at 1300 hours.” I say.
“Sanjay? Lunch?” I suggest. “I could really use a fresh coffee.”
After lunch, Sanjay and I are smoking away in Outbuilding #2. It’s about 1245 hours or so and already a couple of new recruits have appeared. They are sitting in one of the 24 seats which look for all the world like elementary school desks way back in the day.
There are 24 locker boxes stacked along one wall. These are the new locker boxes for my recruits.
These contain a number of specialty items which they will now need in the execution of their new jobs.
Some of it could be considered quite pricey and there are needs for security, especially since this bunch will be dealing with high, low, and medium explosives. I’m getting that teaching vibe again. I love geology, I love blowing shit up, but I really love to teach. Especially a new crop of fresh recruits.
I’ve watched Full Metal Jacket far too many times.
It’s 1300 hours on the nose. All 24 recruits are assembled and in their proper numbered chair. Sanjay has made up a seating plan for me so I can get to match a name to face and locker box number.
It’s showtime.
To be continued…
submitted by Rocknocker to Rocknocker [link] [comments]

2020.05.01 15:13 rusticgorilla Coronavirus response: Trump denies funeral aid as minority communities suffer without tests & treatment

Welcome, dear readers, to my coronavirus roundup. I'm posting these every Friday in addition to Lost in the Sauce on Mondays (for non-coronavirus news).
Title refers to the sections "Minorities and low-income communities" and "Trump sits on funeral aid"
TLDR pinned at top of comments

Intelligence warnings

More than a dozen issues of the President’s Daily Brief (PDB) in January and February contained warnings about the novel coronavirus, its spread, and the suppression of information in China. During this period, Trump downplayed the virus and insisted it was under control.
U.S. officials emphasized that the PDB references to the virus included comprehensive articles on aspects of the global outbreak, but also smaller digest items meant to keep Trump and senior administration officials updated on the course of the contagion… One official said that by mid- to late January the coronavirus was being mentioned more frequently, either as one of the report’s core articles or in what is known as an “executive update,” and that it was almost certainly called to Trump’s attention orally.

Part of a pattern

The president did not take the warnings seriously, if he noticed them at all: Trump “routinely skips reading the PDB and has at times shown little patience for even the oral summary he takes two or three times per week.”
According to then-CIA Director Mike Pompeo in 2017, Trump prefers “killer graphics” in his briefings and doesn’t want too many details so intelligence officials try to “get to the core of the issue quickly.” A year later, in 2018, the Washington Post reported that even the simplified briefings were too much of a hassle for Trump:
Trump has opted to rely on an oral briefing of select intelligence issues in the Oval Office rather than getting the full written document delivered to review separately each day...Reading the traditionally dense intelligence book is not Trump’s preferred “style of learning” ...After several months, Trump made clear he was not interested in reviewing a personal copy of the written intelligence report known as the PDB
Critically, years ago intelligence officials warned that “by not reading the daily briefing, the president could hamper his ability to respond to crises in the most effective manner.” Trump’s handling of the pandemic proves that his inability or refusal to pay attention to the intelligence briefings has harmed our country, leading to tens of thousands of deaths that could have been prevented with a faster response.

Trump blames Pelosi?

ABC News reporter Jon Karl asked Trump about the report, to which Trump responded by repeating a fake story about House Speaker Nancy Pelosi:
Karl: “Were you warned about coronavirus back in January?”
Trump: “I think probably a lot more than the Democrats because a month later, Nancy Pelosi was saying, 'Let's dance in the streets of Chinatown.” (video)
Trump then lied about Dr. Fauci saying the virus “was no problem” in late February - Fauci did not say that - and pivoted to talking about the restrictions he placed on travel from China. Karl pressed him again on when he received warnings in his briefings and Trump said: “I would have to check, I want to look as to the exact dates of warnings.”
Trump has repeatedly lied about Pelosi’s February trip to Chinatown in San Francisco. Before any shelter-in-place orders were issued, tourism in the area had fallen dramatically amid public fears of a Chinese virus and prejudice against Asian Americans.
Pelosi while in Chinatown on Feb. 24: “I do think that because it started in China, there’s a concern that are the — is the Chinese government doing what it needed to do early enough, and now as we go forward. But that should not be carried over to Chinatown and San Francisco.”
She did not “dance in the streets” or propose a parade, as Trump has previously claimed. In hindsight, Chinatown was exceptionally well-prepared to handle the coronavirus: According to the New York Times, the community put in a place a plan of action on Feb. 1 “emphasizing frequent hand-cleaning, availability of sanitizers and education on basic hygiene principles, including frequent use of masks.” Trump, on the other hand, did not address the need for such measures until mid-March.

Man-made virus conspiracy

Last Friday, the Trump administration abruptly cut off funding for a project studying the transmission of coronaviruses from bats to humans after conspiracy theories linked the work to a lab in Wuhan, China. An official with the National Institutes of Health claimed the project does not align with “agency priorities,” but the NIH’s strategic plan for studying the coronavirus includes the exact mission of the bat project: understanding the origin and transmission of the novel coronavirus.
Suddenly ending a grant early is an unusual move for the NIH, which typically takes such steps only when there is evidence of scientific misconduct or financial improprieties — neither of which it has alleged took place in this case.
The project is run by a U.S. based nonprofit called EcoHealth Alliance, which invests in health research across the world. The nonprofit has been given millions of dollars in grants over the years, most recently in 2019.
  • Scientists have studied the genetic structure of the novel coronavirus and confirmed that it is naturally-occurring: "Two features of the virus, the mutations in the RBD portion of the spike protein and its distinct backbone, rules out laboratory manipulation as a potential origin for SARS-CoV-2." There is also no evidence that a natural bat virus “escaped” a lab: “the level of genome sequence divergence between SARS-CoV-2 and RaTG13 is equivalent to an average of 50 years (and at least 20 years) of evolutionary change."

Rightwing media

Rightwing media in America seized on an April 11 story in the Daily Mail, a British tabloid, that implied a link between these grants and the spread of the pandemic. On April 17 the story entered the mainstream when a Newsmax reporter asked Trump about the grants, framing it as an Obama Administration decision. In reality, the NIH has awarded grants to EcoHealth since 2005, which distributed the money to fund research in Shanghai, Beijing, and Singapore, as well as Wuhan.
On April 26, Rudy Giuliani appeared on a New York radio show to falsely suggest that the coronavirus was created as a biological weapon, blaming Dr. Fauci and Obama for the spread:
“China for the last 10 to 12 years has been carrying on these experiments, including in this Wuhan laboratory, with animals, and actually making this virus more dangerous,” Giuliani said on the show. “You could say that’s for scientific purposes, or you could say that’s for the purpose of weaponizing them.”

Trump buys in

Days after Giuliani’s interview, the New York Times reported (non-paywalled) that the Trump administration had tasked intelligence agencies to “hunt for evidence to support” the theory that the virus originated in the Wuhan laboratory.
Most intelligence agencies remain skeptical that conclusive evidence of a link to a lab can be found, and scientists who have studied the genetics of the coronavirus say that the overwhelming probability is that it leapt from animal to human in a nonlaboratory setting, as was the case with H.I.V., Ebola and SARS.
Yesterday, the Office of the Director of National Intelligence - currently run by Trump loyalist Richard Grenell - released a statement refuting the conspiracy touted by Trump allies: “The Intelligence Community also concurs with the wide scientific consensus that the COVID-19 virus was not manmade or genetically modified."
Current and former national security officials said they were surprised by the release, and suggested it could be a sign that the intelligence community feels it is being pulled into a political battle. The administration has been pressuring analysts, particularly at the CIA, to search for evidence that the virus came from a lab and that the World Health Organization helped China cover it up, according to a person briefed on the discussions.
Later in the day, Fox News reporter John Roberts asked Trump about the statement, who responded by casting doubt on the director he handpicked for the job:
Roberts: The Director of National Intelligence today put out a statement saying they believe [the coronavirus] was naturally occurring, it was not manmade-
Trump: Who was that-who was that who said that?
R: the Office of the Director of National Intelligence
T: But who in particular? Who was the man who made that statement?
R: It was a statement from the ODNI-
T: Oh, he would know that, huh? National Intelligence. So we’ll see-
R: That would be your Director of National Intelligence, Ric Grenell
T: No I know, I think it’s - I mean you’d have to tell me who specifically, who made the statement?
R: The statement was just put out under the offices of the ODNI.
T: Okay, we’ll see. I mean, I have to see the statement. I just haven’t seen it. (video)
Roberts then redirected the question, asking:
R: Have you seen anything at this point that gives you a high degree of confidence that the Wuhan Institute of Virology was the origin of this virus?
T: Yes, I have. And I think that the WHO should be ashamed of themselves, because they’re like the PR agency for China... They shouldn’t be making excuses when people make horrible mistakes. Especially mistakes that are causing hundreds of people around the world to die. (video)
"And what gives you a high degree of confidence that this originated from the Wuhan Institute of Virology?" Roberts asked again, later.
"I can't tell you that," Trump said. "I'm not allowed to tell you that." (video)
  • More fact-checking: WaPo "Was the new coronavirus accidentally released from a Wuhan lab? It’s doubtful."
  • Further reading: Reuters “Trump says China wants him to lose his re-election bid,” CNN “Trump administration draws up plans to punish China over coronavirus outbreak.”

White House testing plan

On Monday, Trump unveiled an 8-part plan to increase testing capacity across the country with the goal to reopen states. The presentation slide showed blue checkmarks indicating stage 1 “launch” and stage 2 “scale” are already complete, with only one step remaining to “support opening up again.” Conveniently for the administration, this final step is the responsibility of the governors, who must find a way to fulfill to vague mandates: "develop testing plans and rapid response programs" and "maximize the use of all available testing platforms and venues.”
"This document does nothing new and will accomplish nothing new," Sen. Patty Murray (D-Wash.) said in a statement. "It doesn't set specific, numeric goals, offer a timeframe, identify ways to fix our broken supply chain, or offer any details whatsoever on expanding lab capacity or activating needed manufacturing capacity. Perhaps most pathetically, it attempts to shirk obviously federal responsibilities by assigning them solely to states instead."
The president said the federal government will be shipping states a once-per-month supply large enough to test 2% of the population. Experts say this is not nearly enough:
Paul Romer, a Nobel Prize-winning economist from New York University who has recommended that 50 percent of the population be tested each week, said testing 2 percent “is not enough to test everyone in health care even once, let alone to keep retesting them every day, which is what it would take to keep those who do get infected from going on shift and infecting their colleagues.”
At this pace, testing 2% of the population at a time, it would take almost four years to test the entire U.S. population once, assuming the supply chain problems that have plagued the federal government’s response thus far suddenly clear up.
Despite the White House’s plan, during a press briefing on Wednesday President Trump downplayed the importance of testing:
"You shouldn't be hearing about testing, but that's the last thing [the media] can complain about I guess ...We’ve done incredible with the testing... I don't know that all that [testing] is even necessary." (video)
  • Fact check: Trump has claimed on a regular basis (video) that the U.S. has “tested more than every country combined.” Even just taking the top five countries as far as cumulative number of tests, the U.S. has actually conducted about 20 million fewer tests than those five countries combined.
  • Additionally, what matters most is the per capita testing rate. The United States’ number of COVID-19 tests performed per 1,000 people is below the average of the 36 member states of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, according to figures released Tuesday by the international body. The United States had conducted 16.4 tests per 1,000 people, compared to Iceland, top of the list, which had tested 135 people per 1,000.
  • More: Politico: As Trump Claims US Has Best Covid-19 Testing in the World, Capitol Physician Says He Lacks Capacity to Test All 100 Senators

Minorities and low-income communities

Meanwhile, there are still people in the nation dying after being denied a coronavirus test. A Detroit phlebotomist, Deborah Gatewood, reportedly died from coronavirus symptoms on April 17 after being denied a test four times. Her daughter told NBC News that Beaumont Hospital “said she wasn't severe enough and that they weren't going to test her...They told her to just go home and rest."
It is unclear why Gatewood was denied a test so many times, but hospitals across the country have complained of shortages of swabs, reagents and other supplies needed for testing kits, as well as delays in securing test results.
Gatewood’s story also exemplifies the disparities in testing and treatment between minorities and classes in America. From Charlotte, NC, to Illinois to Michigan, African Americans make up a disproportionately large amount of coronavirus cases compared to the demographics of the population. Milwaukee County, Wisconsin, is just 26% black, yet African-Americans account for almost half of the coronavirus cases and 80% of the deaths,
Dr. Barbara Ferrer, LA County health director: People who live in wealthier communities in LA County have been tested more than people who are living in communities where there is less income. (video)


Fisher Island, a private island off the coast of Miami, Florida, is the richest ZIP code in the US, home to 800 families and staffed by over 400 workers. While the majority of Americans cannot get tested and some are denied tests even if they present symptoms of COVID-19, residents of the private island have spent tens of thousands of dollars to purchase thousands of rapid COVID-19 blood test kits that detect antibodies.
The purchase and availability of the testing are in sharp contrast to much of the rest of the state, where only about 1 percent of the population has been tested for the deadly virus that has caused a global pandemic… The tests, which are finger-prick blood tests, detect the presence of antibodies, an important aspect that could determine who has already had the disease and is likely immune… The tests haven’t been widely available in South Florida.

Trump sits on funeral aid

ProPublica reported yesterday that Trump has yet to release federal assistance specifically intended to help families cover burial costs for victims of the coronavirus.
Approximately 30 states and territories have requested the funding as the pandemic spreads across the country and struggling families ask for help burying their dead… In response to questions, FEMA stated that the decision on which programs to fund is in Trump’s hands.
...GoFundMe sites that have sprung up in the crisis show the shortfalls many families are facing. Family and friends of Devin Francis, a 44-year old radiology technician in Miami who was about to get married when he died of COVID-19 in early April, raised $4,300 of its $5,000 GoFundMe goal. Other posts cite burial costs for a father and son in New York who both died of the disease, and a chef in Chicago.

Seized supplies

VA masks

Each week we learn of more and more instances of the federal government intervening to seize supplies ordered by states and hospitals. Yet, in many cases, we still don’t know for certain where these supplies are ultimately going and why.
Last weekend, Executive in Charge of the Veterans Health Administration Richard Stone finally acknowledged the shortage of personal protective equipment (PPE) at the VA and revealed that FEMA blocked an order of 5 million masks from reaching VA facilities. “I had 5 million masks incoming that disappeared,” Stone said, adding that FEMA instead sent the masks to the Strategic National Stockpile.
VA’s four-week supply of equipment — on the shelves of 170 medical centers and in an emergency cache normally used for hurricane responses — was almost gone, and employees have held protests to say they were not safe… After an appeal from Secretary Robert Wilkie to top FEMA officials, the emergency management agency provided VA with 500,000 masks this week, FEMA said in a statement. It did not address questions about the agency’s diverted equipment orders.

Miami firefighters’ masks

Last Wednesday, the director of emergency management for Miami-Dade County (Florida)reported that a shipment of 1 million N95 face masks meant for local firefighters had been seized by FEMA. "We thought we were in pretty good shape with having that amount coming in, and they were — we were — usurped,” Director Frank Rollason said.
FEMA defended such confiscations, saying that bringing too much personal protective equipment into coronavirus hotspots can disrupt supply chains to other parts of the country. However, the White House repeatedly told state and local authorities to obtain supplies wherever they could.
At the time of writing this post, Miami-Dade county surpassed 12,000 confirmed coronavirus cases, the highest in the state.

San Francisco’s challenges

Last Friday, San Francisco Mayor London Breed held a press conference in which she described the difficulties the city has faced obtaining PPE:
“We’ve had issues of our orders being relocated by our suppliers in China,” she said. “For example, we had isolation gowns on their way to San Francisco and they were diverted to France. We’ve had situations when things we’ve ordered that have gone through Customs were confiscated by FEMA to be diverted to other locations. We know everyone is dealing with a serious challenge. Through Customs, we’ve had situations where those items have been taken and put out on the market for the highest bidder, putting cities against cities and states against states.”

Maryland guarding its tests

Maryland’s Republican Gov. Larry Hogan was forced to turn to South Korea to obtain coronavirus test kits in early April, using his wife - a Korean immigrant - as a key lifeline for his state. Speaking about the ordeal yesterday, Hogan described the operation like a top-secret mission, hiding the planeload from the feds out of fear FEMA would confiscate the test kits.
"This was an enormously valuable payload. It was like Fort Knox to us, because it was going to save the lives of thousands of our citizens.”
Like Fort Knox, the supplies are currently at "an undisclosed location” under the protection of the Maryland National Guard and state police. "The administration made it clear over and over again they want the states to take the lead, and we have to go out and do it ourselves, and that's exactly what we did," Hogan said.

Mismanagement of contracts

In 2015, the Obama administration inked a contract with medical manufacturer O&M Halyard called for the creation of a “one-of-a-kind, high-speed machine” that could produce at least 1.5 million N95 masks per day. In September 2018, the company delivered detailed plans for the machine to the Trump administration… but Trump’s Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) did not proceed with making the machine.
“The Halyard contract was part of an explicit strategy to ensure we could surge mask production in the next crisis,” said Nicole Lurie, who was the HHS assistant secretary for preparedness and response under Barack Obama. “Now we’re dealing with the consequences of not having that capability.”
HHS officials have said that there was no funding to build the machine, but the department that solicited the design had a budget of nearly $1.5 billion for 2020, according to an HHS report.

Contracts to Trump allies

In early March, Mike Bowen, the executive vice president of the medical mask manufacturer Prestige Ameritech, found the perfect way to drum up some federal business: He went on Steve Bannon's podcast, which is highly popular at the White House… A month later, at the explicit request of the White House, Prestige Ameritech had a $9.5 million contract with the Federal Emergency Management Agency.
Bannon told NBC News that his team put Bowen in touch with White House advisor Peter Navarro, who apparently facilitated the deal.
In the only other agreement with a similar notation that NBC News could find in the 11 years or so of online disclosure of federal contracts, one that was first reported by ProPublica, the Trump White House was named in March as the authority seeking a $96 million deal with the Canadian company AirBoss of America. As ProPublica reported, the deal calls for the delivery of 100,000 respirators and filters to New York and other locations by July 31, and it isn't clear why the White House was eager to award the no-bid contract to the company.

All it takes is a tweet

An electrical engineer in Silicon Valley (with 75 followers) responded to Trump’s tweet about ventilators at the end of March with his own tweet claiming he could “supply ICU ventilators.” Apparently this was all it took for the White House coronavirus to recommend the individual to New York state officials, who quickly paid Oren-Pines $69.1 million for 1,450 ventilators - at least triple the standard retail price of high-end models.
Now, a month later, not a single ventilator has arrived and the contract was terminated. New York state is trying to recover all of the money it paid the man, Yaron Oren-Pines. “The guy was recommended to us by the White House coronavirus task force because they were doing business with him as well,” said the New York state official.

Stepping up

A profile of the efforts of an ex-Google software developer to obtain medical supplies for American healthcare workers demonstrates “that this is not an impossible task and that the Trump administration has failed miserably in this mission.”
Ning Mosberger-Tang, of Boulder, Colorado, founded “Step Up in Crisis” to raise money and purchase PPE from China, despite having no previous experience in procuring medical equipment.
In late April, the first shipment of PPE obtained by Step Up in Crisis—50,000 of the surgical masks and the shoe covers—reached a warehouse in Los Angeles. The rest of the supplies are scheduled to arrive in different shipments through the first three weeks of May… Step Up in Crisis is looking to sell the PPE at its cost to hospitals that can afford to buy the supplies, but it also intends to donate some equipment to facilities that are financially strapped.
...Mosberger-Tang, an American citizen, points out that the current anti-China talk from Donald Trump and his political allies does not help on this front: “I wish the US government could be smarter in dealing with China. They know this manufacturing is in China. There is no point to calling this the ‘Chinese virus’ and irritate the Chinese government and end up not getting the equipment you need.”

FEMA stepping back

Other than seizing supplies, what is FEMA up to? The Trump administration is reportedly planning to end the role of FEMA’s National Response Coordination Center in managing the federal response to the coronavirus crisis. Its responsibilities will be handed over to unnamed persons at HHS.
House Oversight Committee Chairwoman Carolyn Maloney responded:
President Trump seems to be declaring ‘Mission Accomplished’ while hundreds of Americans are dying every day, communities across the country are facing critical shortages of test kits and life-saving medical equipment, and millions of Americans are out of work and need assistance. The Administration has not briefed Congress on this move and has not identified a clear, unified command structure for the continued federal response.”

Hydroxychloroquine update

Federal prosecutors are investigating a New York doctor who appeared on Fox News frequently to promote the use of hydroxychloroquine to treat COVID-19. The doctor, Vladimir “Zev” Zelenko, has been in touch with the White House
Zelenko came to the feds’ attention when - get this - Jerome Corsi (an associate of Roger Stone) accidentally sent an email intended for Zelenko to another “Z” name in his address book — federal prosecutor Aaron Zelinsky, a member of Mueller’s team.
Zelinsky is tasked now with investigating coronavirus-related crimes in the Maryland U.S. attorney’s office, as part of a directive from U.S. Attorney General William P. Barr to prioritize such cases. The department already has charged a medley of fraudsters for peddling fake cures
Vaccine expert Dr. Rick Bright is preparing to submit a whistleblower complaint documenting Trump’s push of an unproven anti-malarial drug. “It is expected that Bright’s complaint, when revealed, will shed new light on the political pressure exerted by the Trump administration on health officials to back up the president’s sweeping praise of the drugs as a key weapon against Covid-19.”

Further reading

States and reopening
  • On Thursday, hundreds of protestors - some armed - stormed Michigan’s state capitol to protest the governor’s use of emergency powers to respond to the coronavirus pandemic: A tightly packed crowd of protesters, some carrying rifles, attempted to enter the floor of the legislative chamber, and were held back by a line of state police and capitol staff...“Let us in! Let us in!” the protesters chanted (video).
    • Friday morning, Trump tweeted his support for the armed protestors: “The Governor of Michigan should give a little, and put out the fire. These are very good people, but they are angry. They want their lives back again, safely! See them, talk to them, make a deal.”
  • NBC News: As a handful of states begin to ease stay-at-home restrictions, no state that has opted to reopen has come close to the federally recommended decline in cases over a 14-day period.
  • CNN: Florida will start to reopen May 4, but for now Miami-Dade, Broward, and Palm Beach counties won't be included. DeSantis said restaurants and retail spaces could let customers inside, but only at 25% capacity.
    • Tampa Bay Times: Florida medical examiners were releasing coronavirus death data. The state made them stop. When the medical examiners’ list was available, it showed more deaths than the state’s count.
  • The Atlantic: Georgia’s Experiment in Human Sacrifice. The state is about to find out how many people need to lose their lives to shore up the economy.
  • WaPo: Iowa, Oklahoma and other states reopening soon amid the coronavirus outbreak are issuing early warnings to their worried workers: Return to your jobs or risk losing unemployment benefits.
  • Houston Chronicle: Texas reports most deaths in a day from COVID-19 as Gov. Abbott prepares to drop stay-home order
  • The Hill: Tennessee has highest one-day jump in coronavirus cases ahead of restaurant reopening
  • ABC news: A Michigan judge sided with Gov. Gretchen Whitmer Wednesday in a lawsuit filed against her shelter-in-place order and denied the plaintiffs an injunction.
  • CBS News: A southern Illinois judge on Monday blocked Governor J.B. Pritzker's 30-day extension of the state's stay-at-home order, granting a temporary restraining order sought by a Republican state lawmaker who argued the governor overstepped his authority
  • AP: More than 50 people who voted in person or worked the polls during Wisconsin’s election earlier this month have tested positive for COVID-19 so far.
  • Center for Economic and Policy Research: Meatpacking Workers are a Diverse Group Who Need Better Protections
    • Government Executive: Federal Inspectors Are Fearful, Angry About Trump's Order to Reopen Outbreak-Stricken Meat Plants. USDA is still not providing masks and is doing "absolutely nothing" to protect workers, inspectors say.
Informative reads:
  • The new coronavirus is likely to keep spreading for at least another 18 months to two years—until 60% to 70% of the population has been infected, a team of longstanding pandemic experts predicted in a report released Thursday.
  • Center for Global Development's Jeremy Konyndyk: it looks like US-style lockdowns are enough to freeze transmission in place (R=1) but not enough to drive it down (R<1). Which suggests that without further measures, we could remain on this plateau for quite a while... for each month we remain on the plateau, we risk losing more Americans than we lost in nearly a decade in Vietnam. If we spend May like we spent April, we will blow past 100k dead in weeks.
    • The way forward is very clear: test, trace, isolate, protect. Putting that infrastructure into place can bring down cases to a manageable level, enable us to relax lockdowns, and move to a posture of sustainable suppression. But that will be tough to deliver without the feds... We are stuck in an untenable holding pattern as long as federal leadership means vague slide decks and empty assurances rather than test kits, PPE, and accountability.
submitted by rusticgorilla to Keep_Track [link] [comments]

2020.04.17 14:54 Rocknocker OBLIGATORY FILLER MATERIAL – Just take a hard left at Daeseong-dong…7

Well, when the props fouled the third time, I suggested we call it a day, as we’d already made some 32 sea-kilometers. We were out on the fringes of the worst of the kelp forest beds, and after a good night’s sleep, we’d be ready to deploy bright and early and get some seismic data acquired and recorded.
But, first, there was the first night aboard ship. In a rusty old tin-can with few creature comforts, as the annual winter monsoon winds wane and the seas actually begin to settle slightly.
I took that as both good omens. The bitching and kvetching I head from the locals about the ‘abominable weather they had to endure’, even from the Coast Guard types, really struck me as uproariously funny.
I just chalked it up to being sequestered from the rest of the world for so long. Put these characters in the path of a Midwestern tornado, East Indian summer monsoon, or Siberian blizzard, and they’d shit themselves blind. I didn’t really think too much of it, although it became somewhat of a game when the imperialistic foreigners tried to one-up each other with horror stories from excursions past.
“No shit”, Dax said, “We were snowed in for a full fortnight.”
“No!” several of us recoiled in mock horror.
“Oh, yah, hey.” Dax continued, “It’s just great when blizzards snap the power lines, and all the toilets freeze. The house cat didn't die until we burned up all our wood. Considering we ate her raw, she tasted pretty good…”
Several of our handlers, a few in the Coast Guard and most of the Korean scientists reacted rather badly to Dax’s story; especially when it had been gorily translated.
Seeing this, Dax stood up, got the soju bottle, and asked if anyone needed a top-up. I asked while puffing away on a large Jamaican cigar if anyone needed a smoke.
At this point, Dax was winning. He had seven of the assembled crowd run to the rail to relieve themselves of our canned Chinese dinner.
Not ever one to shrink from a challenge, I related my second-hand story of my Brother-in-law, who was in the US Coast Guard for years and years. I waited for the green crowd to re-join us and regain what remained of their composure. I figured the quasi-military national Coast Guarders here would appreciate the tale.
Mine wasn’t a gory or shocking tale, just one of the incredible water conditions off the coast of California.
I waited until everyone was settled, drink in hand, and smokin’ ‘em if you got ‘em.
“Well”, I said, “It was on board a ship much like the one we’re currently on,” I said as a rascal wave broke over the railing in counterpoint. “About the same size as this vessel, but with smaller wheels. You know these Coast Guard shallow-water boys”, I chuckled. Always meaning to jab one group or another in the place where I know it stings.
Yeah, I’m a real bastard that way sometimes.
The Korean Coast Guarders sneered hardly at me; but not too hard. They liked my cigars, cigarettes, and open disbursement policy too much.
“Yeah, anyways”, I continued, “He was offshore California in one of the US Coast Guard cutters. It was a boat about 26 meters or so in length. They were out doing search and rescue after a mega-nasty storm blew in from the west and scuttled a sailing regatta race.”
I was drawing them in with my ‘just so’ story, nice and easy, until…
“Yeah, there were several capsized monohulls, catamarans and trimarans. Damn, these things were fucking yachts. Owned by rich idiots that almost knew how to sail but didn’t know enough to get out of the way of a fucking severe storm…”
I really had their attention with ‘soaking the rich’.
“Well, the waves grew and grew, but my Brother-in-laws's boat was built to handle severe weather. These patrol and rescue boat has the capability to roll over 360 degrees and self-right within 30 seconds. Like right now, you’d never even notice this degree rock and roll”, I said as I demonstrated with my cigar, tracing out tighter and tighter rolls, and higher degrees of rocking and rolling.
“They were approaching a capsized trimaran, but the waves kept growing and growing…” I said, leading by example and having them watch me with unblinking attention.
“The waves grew and grew, and normally you’d take these head-on. But that was impossible, because when afternoon came it was slashin' rain, in the face of a hurricane west wind. The boat rolled to the left, heeled, almost keeled, a then rolled the other way just as quickly.” I noted.
They followed me as I timed it with the heavings of our own boat, to the left…to the right…
“Then, just as they were about to reach upon the trimaran, a rogue wave! Out of nowhere”, I said, rocking and rolling along with our own little boat, “BAM! Hit amidships! It didn’t roll once, it rolled twice!” I made great and magniloquent gestures of a tiny boat being savaged by a monstrous rogue sea wave.
I stood up, blew a great blue cloud of smoke towards the poop deck, and said, loudly, “Rolled over once. A full 360! Then rolled right over again. A full 720 degrees!” as I demonstrated what happened with my cigar and drink.
The eyes following me rolled and rolled as well. Some straight back into the owner’s head and some to the left, some to the right…it was like ‘Loose Slots’ night in Vegas, they were rolling and rolling.
And then racing for the rails. Topside to deliver the remains of their hearty canned dinners.
“Beat you, Dax!” I smiled as I sat back down, “I got nine with that at one. And two of them were Coasties!”
“Did that really happen?” Ivan asked.
“According to my Brother-in-law. But he’s an engineer if you know what I mean…” I smiled.
We concluded story night as we had drifted free of the kelp forest and the Captain of the boat decided he’d risk an anchorage for the night. The weather was ameliorating, the seas calming themselves down, and the wind dropping a couple of notches on the Beaufort Scale.
“Well, gents”, I said, “I need some air. The aroma down here of Chinese Aplo™ for dinner, those who didn’t make it to the rails, and the solitary head for the entire crew has lost its charm. If you’ll excuse me”, I said as I grabbed a bottle of ersatz vodka, and several cans of Taedonggang beer, “I’ll be on the aft deck; in my comfy chair and contemplating the wonder of it all.”
With that, I ventured up the stairs and out onto the aft deck.
Dax naturally followed and he found his own not-bolted-down deck chair. We had a constant flow of visitors, foreign and nationals alike. It was shaping up to be a fine night for being out under the stars, there was no light pollution at all. We sat in our chairs, drank our drinks, smoked our smokes, and argued the finer points of astronomy as seen from this part of the world.
I had several side chats with the scientists and academicians from the Korean side. They all had one thing on their minds. Well, one thing after cigars and cigarettes. They wanted Western scientific journals. They were actually trying to bribe me to get those copies, any age, any subject; of Science, AAPG Explorer, and SEPM Proceedings, anything of Western science as it is today. I said they were welcome to a couple of copies of Science and SPE journals I had brought with as an afterthought, for free. With 900 won to the dollar, they needed every won they could get. I wasn’t about to take anything for the free dissemination of knowledge.
However, if they saw it fit to buy me a drink or seven, I wouldn’t object.
In reality, I’d buy those as well.
We made secret pacts to meet at the hotel-casino the night before we left, whenever the fuck that would be. We had a lot of work before us as it stands. It won’t be for a few weeks, I reminded them.
They had no problem. If I could ask the other in the team if they’d do likewise, the appreciation would be palpable.
Great. Now I have to go get my field notebooks and make some more new entries.
Dax cratered around 0100. I elected to stay the night and sleep under the stars as the boat slowly rocked one way and rolled the other. It was quiet, dark as a tomb, and brilliantly lit up by the stellar backbone of the night once the clouds fumbled out. Tomorrow looked as if it were to be bright and sunny if the gentle westerlies had anything to say about the next day’s conditions.
The next day dawned early, bright, and ridiculously sunny as it usually does when the monsoons have departed and it had stopped raining.
“OK.”, I thought, “Time for a hearty breakfast. For someone else. I wonder what’s available here.”
I ventured down to the cold galley and there were several boxes of dry Chinese breakfast cereal, “Shredded Tweet” and the like, some sort of obviously aged bakery, and a case of Taedonggang beer.
“Hmmm”, I mused out loud, “Beer and rice crispies. Breakfast of champions.”
Dax walks in, rubbing his eyes. He sees me drowning my rice cereal in foamy ersatz milk.
“Reminds me of field camp!” I smiled as I chowed on the morning’s offerings.
After our ‘hearty’ breakfast, all the scientific parties gathered in the main stateroom. It was cramped, but the walls were magnetic and we could hang maps, well, charts actually since we’re well offshore now, and plots the day’s course.
Out in the Yellow Sea, we were supposedly over a subsurface, and by dint of being offshore, submarine, dome. Salt dome? Unlikely. Probably more of a shale dome, which isn’t a bad thing when hunting for oil and gas.
Looking at the charts, I ask the locals what our current position was relative to the domal uplift.
After several long moments of silence, I asked again.
“Umm, guys”, I said, “If you’re not going to be forthcoming with something as simple as positional data, then turn this boat 1800’s and take us back to shore. I am fed up, as are my team, with this tight-holing of the simplest of data when you are the knotheads that asked us here for help. We get paid either way, and I for one wouldn’t mind being paid triple to sit in the hotel’s basement and drink”
After telling the translator to translate that last part literally, I sat back, pulled out a really nasty cigar, and went through all the threatening moves of firing it up in the enclosed cabin.
“You will have to excuse us”, came the reply from one of the elders, “We are not used to dealing with oegugseon [foreigners].”
“Are you used to following orders?” I asked brusquely.
“Of course!” came the near-unanimous reply.
“Great. Then consider this an order: You will relay the appropriate information when asked by any Westerner on this cruise. Consider it as coming from the Supreme Leader of this expedition.” I noted.
Using the term ‘Supreme Leader’ was both a bow to their current bad-hair-cut in charge and my desire to let them know I was serious as a kick to the scrotum about the whole fucking deal.
There were a couple of gasps and some consternatious talk, but eventually, one brave soul got up, walked over to the chart, and pointed to our relative location.
“There”, I added, “That wasn’t so hard, was it? Didn’t hurt in the least, did it?”
There were a few chuckles amongst our national colleagues, so I figured that was at least a little progress.
“OK, then”, I continued, “Volna? Ack? You’re up to bat.”
I turned the proceedings over to the geophysicists. They would devise the configuration of the towed array, our speed, direction, charge size, which was based on depth, and all the other geophysical flips and twists one has to do in order to acquire the best data.
This shit doesn’t come cheap. The Mesozoic-Paleozoic marine residual basin in the South Yellow Sea where these domes live is a potentially significant deep potential hydrocarbon reservoir. However, the imaging of the deep prospecting target is quite challenging due to the specific seismic-geological conditions. In the Central and Wunansha Uplifts, the penetration of the seismic wavefield is limited by the shallow high-velocity layers (HVLs) and the weak reflections in the deep carbonate rocks. With the conventional marine seismic acquisition technique, the deep weak reflection is difficult to image and identify. We confirm through numerical simulation that the combination of multi-level impulse source (i.e., explosive) array and extended cable used in the seismic acquisition is crucial for improving the imaging quality.
With that, we’re going to be recording a minimum of four stacks, with a receiver interval of 25 meters. The array will have a shot interval of 50 meters, with a 25 meter near offset, and a 2500 meter far offset. We will attempt to record 180 channels, off-end, with a sampling period of 0.5 seconds, and a record length of 5 seconds. We’ll sail the same course 4 times to verify previous records and attempt to add ‘fold’, i.e., extra data from the same point, to the overall records.
That’s the plan, at least.
Loads of preparation, logistics, and execution.
After a half an hour or so, both Volna and Ack are finished with the national scientists.
They set down their notebooks, pens, notes, and pointers; walk out of the meeting room and directly over to the galley.
“Hungry, fellas?” I inquire.
“Rock?”, Ack asks, “You have explosives here, right? Sink us. Just fucking sink us right now.” As he pours himself and Volna a stiff shot of real vodka.
“Uh, oh. Problems in Dreamland?” I ask, utilizing the derogatory name for the geophysical domain of exploration data.
“Un-be-fucking-believable.”, Volna adds.
“Your colloquial American is coming along well, Volna.” I snickered a bit.
“I learn from you”, he spat, “Cannot believe this. They don’t record while underway. They tow single array and stop. Then drop dynamite over side. They record. Then they do it again. Claim this gives them good fold. This is bullshit. You said devise program. HA! Take us to shore and let me teach them the fucking basics of geophysical acquisition. Then in a few years, we come back and do it right.”
“Oh, fuck”, I reply, wincing, “That bad?”
“Oh, no”, Ack continues, “It’s worse.” As he down 100 milliliters of booze in one draught and pours another for Volna and is own self, “No on-board demultiplexing. No on-board pre-processing. No-onboard QA/QC. No on-board anything. It’s fucking hopeless. Sink us, I’d rather take my chances with the sharks.”
“They can’t do all that stuff or they won’t do all that stuff,” I asked, expecting the worst.
“Oh, it might be possible, with this museum-grade crap they call a computer they have on-board. It’s just time-consuming, tricky, and will need constant attention. But with this raft of sad-sacks, flub-a-dubs and third rate hobbyists?” Ack and Volna agree as one.
“Consider it job security”, I replied, “How about this? One test loop and we use that data to do what’s necessary; just once. Then we can say we’ve shown them the way. After that, I’ll leave it up to the National scientists.”
“Good thing we have 2 full days, Rock”, Volna said, “Because we do a single AC (acquisition) run, it’ll take the rest of the time to show these buggers how it’s done.”
“Ack? You agree?” I asked.
Ack agreed, in spades.
“OK, gentlemen”, I said, “Let’s make it so. About time, too. I haven’t blown anything up in a couple of weeks. I’m getting antsy. Let’s go tell them the good news.”
“NO! WE REFUSE!” was the cheery response from the nationals when Ack, Volna, and I laid out the rather lengthy program for the next couple of days.
“OK. Someone tell the Captain to head for home. We’re done here.” I calmly told our handlers and the translators.
Panic in Pyongyang.
Immediately, there is this hue and cry about how this was not supposed to be how this trip was going to work. This was to be an acquisition trip only. This was to be a one-off to show Best Korea geophysical prowess. This was supposed to be data gathering trip on the Western scientists…
That last one was a bit of a mistake.
I turn to one of the translators and ask them to re-translate that last part, just in case I was hearing imaginary things.
“Oh, yes”, he replied, “He said they were here to gather data on the Western Scientists as well as offshore data.”
“Is that a fact?” I reacted. “Please tell them I need to see all my team members on the fantail immediately if you would. Sorry, translators and nationals not included in this little meeting.”
We reconvene on the fantail a few minutes later. I walk in on this little conclave with cigar and drink in hand.
“OK, gents”, I say, puffing a huge blue cloud, swigging a tot, “Here’s what I think we, as responsible international scientists, should do in this regrettable situation. We were asked to come here, with provisions that we would not be under cynosure, observation, or surveillance. Given ‘Open and Free Access’, no questions asked. We were to be treated as “esteemed guests”. This is obviously a load of dingo’s kidneys. I think we need to get as creative as possible and do whatever we can to provide as much deliberate misinformation to these characters to annoy, amaze, or disgust them as much as possible. Comments?”
There’s a general buzz, but no real dissention. After a few moment's discussion, Dax suggests we get a load of XXXXL condoms, and leave them around packaged as “Texas Medium”.
“That’s the spirit”, I reply. “Anyone one else up for a little Psychological Operations on our not-so-clever-nor-truthful hosts?”
We all agree that we will, in our own little way, start a campaign of deliberate misinformation, misdirection, and general petty bullshit nastiness for our hosts to discover and by which be dismayed.
Everyone’s in agreement. This trip has been a rotund bale of jeers from the get-go.
Promises made, promises broken. Itineraries approved then inexplicably disapproved. We make requests, they accede; and then nothing ever happens. It’s most frustrating.
We’re tolerating a lot of horse, bull, cow, and assorted other farmyard excrements; all in the name of international harmony and scientific goodwill. This has been an outgoing one-way street for too long. We’re mad as hell and we’re not going to take it anymore.
“Hellfire and Dalmatians!” I growl, growing angrier every minute I think about the subject, “We need to take the high, low, and middle ground on this offensive. Nothing too overt or obvious; however we need to jank these bastards good. But they can’t realize they’re being janked…!”
Ack cuts in.
“The esteemed Dr. Rock is right. Psychotic...but absolutely right. We got to take these bastards. We could fight them with conventional weapons. That could take years...cost millions of lives. In this case... I think we have to go all out. I think this situation absolutely requires...a really futile and stupid gesture... be done on somebody's part.”
There’s a general buzz among the assembled.
“And we're just the guys to do it.”
Shouts and catcalls of deep agreement.
“Operation ‘Confound-a-Korean’” is now enacted.
“About fucking time!”
“Let’s do it!”
“Dissen gonna be bery messy! Me no watchin!”
“OK, I think, “Who’s the prequel-series wiseass?”
“OK, gentlemen”, I continue, “We continue with our scientific duties. No fucking around there. But, when it comes to…interpretation…opinion…or personal viewpoint; let’s go full impede. Dazzle them with brilliance or baffle them with bullshit.”
We all agree and after a couple of quick rounds of old thought provoker, we realize this trip has just taken a hard left into Wackyland. We will have to let our comrades onshore know of this, but that can wait until we return. Right now, we all have jobs to do. Real jobs, serious jobs, covert and sneaky jobs…
So, it’s back to the recording shack as we lay out the plans for the next couple of days.
Volna begins: “OK, listen up you primitive screwheads. We’re going to assemble and layout a recording array that’s called a Meisenheimer Triplet. You do know what a simple Meisenheimer Triplet is, don’t you?”
There’s a slight murmur from our national friends, but in the end, they all plead ignorance.
“Right. Thought so. A Meisenheimer Triplet is a central towed array flanked by two shorter, subparallel flanking sub-frammitz arrays. We will assemble this array on-board, even though it’s probably going to take every ounce of silver solder and electrician’s tape you’ve got. The amount of data received is orders of magnitude greater than any single Sheriff-sonde array, like the ones you been using.”
Suddenly, there are nods and murmurs of agreement.
“Right”, Volna smiles sinisterly to me, “With that, we’ll need to devise an explosive package, well, actually, a series of explosive packages based on the harmonia of the pre-bottom fore-sets, water depth, tow vehicle velocity, water column density, and decomposition coefficients of the said water column. Oh, yeah. Fish too.”
Volna is really getting into the spirit of the affair.
“Who is your explosives engineer?” Ack asks, “He’s going to have to do some serious number-crunching with all the pre-blast data we’ll need to supply. “
One quick translation and there’s nothing but long faces and querulous looks from our national crowd.
“We have no explosives engineer”, the head Best Korean geophysicist laments. “Explosives are very, very heavily regulated by the government. That’s why we have several Government Observers on board. They handle the explosives.”
“Oh?” Ack remarks, “Are they fully up to speed on the Barnard-Reichmann equations for hydro-displacement of serial charges? Which subset of the marine rarefication coefficients do they employ?”
“Ummm, don’t know.” was the answer.
“Don’t know? Well”, Volna continues, “Then, they must be pretty good with the Langefors-Kihlström formulae, right?”
“No. Not as such.” Came the response.
“I see”, Ack sighs, “Well, then, I guess they must utilize the Il’yushin algorithms then. OK, it’s a bit old school, but they should still work.”
“Ah. Well. No.” was the rejoinder they offered.
“Well, then what the fuck do they use?” Volna explodes, “A modified Ambraseys-Hendorn model? Ghosh-Damen 1? Ghosh-Damen 2? Indian Fargin Standard? Prejaculated Rai-Singh protocols, fer’ chrissake? Which?”
Nothing but shaking heads and wringing hands.
“They take a case of dynamite, wire it up, and throw it overboard with a long fuse.” Was the eventual answer. “That’s why we stop to record.”
Long, exasperated sigh later, “Jesus Q. Tapdancing Christ on a crème cracker. No wonder you never get anything done.” Volna continues, “You characters are in luck. You just happen to be so lucky to have an internationally-renowned Master Blaster right here on board ship today.”
Volna turns the crowd over to me, “Doctor? Do your damnedest. And good luck.”
“Thanks, Volna”, I say, cigar in one hand, stalwart drink in the other, “OK, guys. Here’s the deal. When it comes to explosives and explosive design, I’m the hookin’ bull. No one has authority over me. Not the Captain. Not the boson’s mate. Not the Captain’s Consort even. Nor the guys in the cheap shiny suits. What I say, goes. No exceptions. No hesitation. We green or are we going back to shore?”
Cholog?” they ask.
“Yes. ‘Cholog’. Green. Are we understanding one another? Are we all in agreement? Are you fuckin’ diggin’ me, Beaumont?
There’s some quick back and forth in Korean, a lot of seeming bad noise. Even the shiny suit squad and Coasties join in the fun.
“Grudgingly, we agree. Green as you say, Doctor Rock. You are the one in charge.” Came the head national’s reply.
“Splendid. I’m in charge of the charges.” I chuckle, puffing an enormous cloud of expensive Oscuro smoke, “Volna, Ack; please get me the required parameters. I’ll be in the ordnance locker to see what we’re working with here. C’mon fellas, chop-chop!”
Volna and Ack take their select set of geophysical wishers and wannabes while I get the rest of the locals, the shiny suit squad in reserve, but in tow.
I head off to the ordinance locker.
Dax runs behind “Hey! Wait for me.”
“We have to”, I snigger a reply, “We’re going to need a drinks runner.”
“Marvelous…” was the one-word response.
We get to the locked ordinance locker. It’s one of the few original structures remaining on the ship. The boat was torn down almost to the waterline and re-built for seismic acquisition, but they had enough brains to realize that the source of the seismic signals was usually explosive in nature. Dinoseis and Mini-Sossie were closed books to them.
Therefore, the locker remained intact, however grudgingly.
“Whew! And what a locker.” I whewed. “And what a lock. OK, who’s got the keys?”
There are general hemming and hawing and no one seems to know where the keys for the ordinance locker are kept.
“Well, gents”, I say, pointedly, “I would suggest that one or more of you toddle off and fucking find the goddamn keys or this will turn out to be a very short and unproductive trip, indeed.”
A while later, a bit longer than I personally care for, the boat’s Captain wanders up, all a-scowl and generally pissed-off looking.
“Who here needs the key to the explosives locker?” He asks in his Captainly, no-nonsense manner.
There’s more muttering and murmuring, but eventually, all fingers point toward me.
The Captain looks at me.
He’s giving me the once over with a LASER stink eye. I don’t know which irritated him the most; the lit cigar, the drink, the Stetson, Hawaiian shirt, cargo shorts, Scottish knee socks or field boots.
“And who the hell are you”? He asks, oh, so wrongly, through an interpreter.
I stand up, fully puffed to full mammalian threat posture and say in a loud steady voice;
“I’m THE Doctor Rocknocker, the MOTHERFUCKING PRO FROM DOVER!, that’s who.”
Since I had a good 6 inches and way too many kilos on him; my loud, American and very un-oriental answer took him completely by surprise.
His eyes got as big as dinner plates and he shakily held out the ring of keys for the explosives locker.
“Why thank you very much”, I said, bowing in his direction ever so slightly. Wasn’t his fault he wasn’t totally clued in on all the recent goings-on aboard his vessel.
I toss the keys to Dax, “Here, earn your keep.” I snickered.
Dax deftly fields the keys, chuckles back, and begins the game of ‘which key for which lock’?
I thank the Captain and explain that I’m the de facto leader of this special education class, and make some pointed, mild epitaphs about landlubbers, national scientists, and the cargo of the totally clueless on board.
He sees I’m not a total boor and relaxes some. We haven’t really had a real introduction, so I grab a translator and engage the Captain in a short, though insightful conversation.
Cigars were exchanged. Handshakes were as well.
Seems he’s just as aggravated by these know-it-alls who really know-fuck-all. We see eye to eye and part friends once Dax finally figures out the combination to the weapons locker.
“Holy fuck!” I exclaim, “Now that’s a door.” I say looking at the slowly-opening covering of the weapon’s portico. Fully five solid inches of solid steel. Triple reinforced hinges. Deadman's latches. Bringles-jams and solid, non-decabulated cast-steel cross-members.
Just the thing to contain an errant blast and send all that excess energy skyward instead of into the bowels of the boat.
OK, bonus points for that design feature.
I look inside, but it’s dark and fragrant as the inside of an irritated oyster in the bottom of the Tonga-Kermadec Trench.
Dax fumbles around and finds the light switch.


“Hmmm.” I hmmed. “Well, we’re all set for dynamite, I see.”
Case after case after case of leaking, cheap-ass Chinese knock-off sort-of Du Pont-style 50% dynamite. Box after box of Pseudo-Dyno-Nobel blasting caps. Delaminating, unwinding spools after spool of “PrimUcord”. Sticky “Korea” brand silk-woven coated Demolition Wire.
“Gads.” I sigh. “What a nightmare. Either this stuff goes off when you give it a dirty look or it doesn’t go off at all.”
Dax looks to me, “So, the trip’s a bust. Is that what you’re saying?”
“If we don’t find something that’ll work, probably,” I reply. “This shit’s worthless.”
We continue to search after I shoo everyone but Dax out of the locker. It’s damp and musty in here, smelling disconcertingly of kerosene, gherkins, and old sardines. That’s one sure sign of dynamite going bad. I warn Dax to be extra careful, that this stuff hasn’t had the best of handling. We could be in for an unexpected surprise.
So, we redouble our efforts and are much more circumspect.
Knock-off this and fake-ass that.
All Chinese in origin. It might have worked one day; but after sitting in here, unattended, unturned, and uncared for? I’m ready to both literally and figuratively pull the plug on this whole fiasco.
Dax is all smiles.
“Doctor?” Dax asks, “What is it that would make you happy?”
“A nice fishing boat, a huge never-emptying bank account, endless cigars, and a comfy chair back in the north of Baja Canada in a tavern on a good fishing lake,” I replied.
“Well”, Dax smiles, “I can’t do that, but how about this?” as he opens a cleverly hidden door.
I look in, let my eyes adjust to the low-light scenario to see no lakes, no huge bank accounts, nor fishing boats; but what I do see makes me smile wide.
It’s a sub-locker full of familiar Made-in-the-USA, True Blue, American-manufacture cyclo-trimethylene-tri-nitramine, or Good Ol’ C-4 explosive. Block after lovely hexahedral block of the stuff.
“Dax”, I say, “Take a gold star out of petty cash. You’ve just saved the mission.”
“I’ll settle for a tall vodka and one of your cigars”, Dax smiles.
“Later”, I say, “We now have a little job which to attend.”
With C-4, designing the impulse charges is seriously a walk in the park. They’re already waterproof, so all I need is water depth and the number of seconds to which they want to record data. I can bundle a series of blocks of the stuff, charge them with a couple-three or four, just in case, blasting caps, and connect them with stout lengths of demolition wire. These will be dragged, with a ‘Herring Dodger’, to control depth, behind the boat as we are underway.
It’s a novel idea, I know. One that’s only been in use in the west for about 60 years.
We’ll drag a daisy chain of C-4 packets. One after another, individual charges in the packets will detonate milliseconds apart. I can bundle the packets so that we can run a charge string of up to 12 discrete packets which will attenuate the amplification of the arrhythmic flux, I tell one of my Korean onlookers.
With this set-up, we can record data for literally sea-miles.
First, we will moosh the C-4 into a flattened, semi-hydrodynamically stable pancake or airfoil, OK, hydrofoil, shape; wire three or five of them together, charge them, then repeat.
Depending on what parameters Volna and Ack supply, the chain will just be a number of similar packets, trailing one after the other, detonating from back to front; down below the hydrophones, but well above the seafloor.
We know that the hydrophones will be at or very near the surface, but we need to know, explicitly, the basal bathymetry of the area we're about to shoot. Wouldn’t do anyone any good if we drove over a seafloor hump and dragged the C-4 over it to have it detonate prematurely.
Or not at all.
So, we need to plot our course and sail it today while we get the hydrophone arrays built and we image the seafloor where we’re going to do some blasting. After that, it’ll probably be an all-nighter to create the blasting strings so we can spend the next day recording, and then head for home as we’re nearly out of victuals and potables.
At least, that’s the plan.
I convene a quick meeting and we plot a course on the latest charts. 30 kilometers of recording.
Shit, that’s going to be a lot of explosives. Doable, but a pain.
Remembering the quality of the recording equipment, I suggest we do a test run in the morning of just 5 kilometers. If that works, and we can up it in increments.
Dax, Sagong the head Korean geophysicist, and I go to visit the Captain.
We visit the Captain and lay out our plans. He has no objections, as were in Best Korean waters and there are no obstacles out here like sunken wrecks, kelp forests, American aircraft carriers, or other impediments.
With that, we tell him to align the ship and let us know when he can begin doing the recon sortie.
He says that he can do that immediately, and before we're out of the pilothouse, we’re recording bathymetric, i.e., depth, data. The technology’s not much different, nor advanced, than a standard Lake Winnebago fish finder, so that’s one disaster sorted.
We are sailing along in a series of parallel straight lines, which when the data are played back and deconvoluted, will give us a good idea of the bathymetry which we’ve been motoring over. It’ll basically give us both a depth map and a surface, ok, bottom, map of the seafloor above which we’re sailing. A little basic submarine hyperbolic quantum trigonometry and well, we have the data we need to plug into the various equations to see what we’ll require when we want to record seismic data to 5000 milliseconds.
With that, there’s not much else to do until we have the survey map. I dragoon Dax and Cliff into helping me inventory the explosives bunker.
“The hell with the dynamite, PrimUcord, and other Oriental-Knockoff Horseshit”, I instruct my helpers, “Let’s just count up the C-4, and see what our tally is. Oh, yeah, give me a tally of the blasting caps. Gotta use those ratty bastards, they’re the only actuators here I sort of, kind of, trust.”
With Dax, myself, and Cliff, we’re done in less than an hour. I decide that I’ll be the keeper of the keys and take them back to the Captain my own self. Rules of engagements, chain of command and all that hogwash.
I hand the keys over to the Captain and instruct the co-pilot to make an entry in the logbook that I returned the key to the Captain, this date, this time.
“By the book. It’s not just a good idea, it’s the law.” I muse.
To be continued
submitted by Rocknocker to Rocknocker [link] [comments]

2018.07.17 01:46 Chtorrr cat

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to navigationJump to search This article is about the cat species that is commonly kept as a pet. For the cat family, see Felidae. For other uses, see Cat (disambiguation) and Cats (disambiguation). For technical reasons, "Cat #1" redirects here. For the album, see Cat 1 (album). Domestic cat[1] Cat poster 1.jpg Various types of domestic cat Conservation status Domesticated Scientific classification e Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Mammalia Order: Carnivora Suborder: Feliformia Family: Felidae Subfamily: Felinae Genus: Felis Species: F. silvestris Subspecies: F. s. catus Trinomial name Felis silvestris catus Linnaeus, 1758[2] Synonyms Felis catus (original combination)[3] Felis catus domestica (invalid junior synonym)[4]
The domestic cat (Felis silvestris catus or Felis catus)[1][5] is a small, typically furry, carnivorous mammal. They are often called house cats[6] when kept as indoor pets or simply cats when there is no need to distinguish them from other felids and felines. They are often valued by humans for companionship and for their ability to hunt vermin. There are more than seventy cat breeds recognized by various cat registries.
Cats are similar in anatomy to the other felids, with a strong flexible body, quick reflexes, sharp retractable claws and teeth adapted to killing small prey. Cat senses fit a crepuscular and predatory ecological niche. Cats can hear sounds too faint or too high in frequency for human ears, such as those made by mice and other small animals. They can see in near darkness. Like most other mammals, cats have poorer color vision and a better sense of smell than humans. Cats, despite being solitary hunters, are a social species, and cat communication includes the use of a variety of vocalizations (mewing, purring, trilling, hissing, growling and grunting) as well as cat pheromones and types of cat-specific body language.[7]
Cats have a high breeding rate.[8] Under controlled breeding, they can be bred and shown as registered pedigree pets, a hobby known as cat fancy. Failure to control the breeding of pet cats by spaying and neutering, as well as the abandonment of former household pets, has resulted in large numbers of feral cats worldwide, requiring population control.[9] In certain areas outside cats' native range, this has contributed, along with habitat destruction and other factors, to the extinction of many bird species. Cats have been known to extirpate a bird species within specific regions and may have contributed to the extinction of isolated island populations.[10] Cats are thought to be primarily responsible for the extinction of 87 species of birds,[11] and the presence of feral and free-ranging cats makes some otherwise suitable locations unsuitable for attempted species reintroduction.[12]
Because cats were venerated in ancient Egypt, they were commonly believed to have been domesticated there,[13] but there may have been instances of domestication as early as the Neolithic from around 9,500 years ago (7500 BC).[14] A genetic study in 2007[15] concluded that all domestic cats are descended from Near Eastern wildcats, having diverged around 8000 BC in the Middle East.[13][16] A 2016 study found that leopard cats were undergoing domestication independently in China around 5500 BC, though this line of partially domesticated cats leaves no trace in the domesticated populations of today.[17][18] A 2017 study confirmed that domestic cats are descendants of those first domesticated by farmers in the Near East around 9,000 years ago.[19][20]
As of a 2007 study, cats are the second-most popular pet in the U.S. by number of pets owned, behind freshwater fish.[21] In a 2010 study, they were ranked the third-most popular pet in the UK, after fish and dogs, with around 8 million being owned.[22]
Contents 1 Taxonomy and evolution 2 Nomenclature and etymology 3 Biology 3.1 Anatomy 3.2 Physiology 3.2.1 Nutrition 3.3 Senses 3.4 Health 3.4.1 Diseases 3.5 Genetics 4 Behavior 4.1 Sociability 4.2 Communication 4.3 Grooming 4.4 Fighting 4.5 Hunting and feeding 4.6 Running 4.7 Play 4.8 Reproduction 5 Ecology 5.1 Habitats 5.2 Feral cats 5.3 Impact on prey species 5.4 Impact on birds 6 Interaction with humans 6.1 Cat show 6.2 Cat café 6.3 Ailurophobia 6.4 Cat bites 6.5 Infections transmitted from cats to humans 6.6 History and mythology 6.6.1 Superstitions and cat burning 7 See also 8 Notes 9 References 10 External links Taxonomy and evolution Main article: Cat evolution The domestic cat is a member of the cat family, the felids, which are a rapidly evolving family of mammals that share a common ancestor only 10–15 million years ago[23] and include lions, tigers, cougars and many others. Within this family, domestic cats (Felis catus) are part of the genus Felis, which is a group of small cats containing about seven species (depending upon classification scheme).[1][24] Members of the genus are found worldwide and include the jungle cat (Felis chaus) of southeast Asia, European wildcat (F. silvestris silvestris), African wildcat (F. s. lybica), the Chinese mountain cat (F. bieti), and the Arabian sand cat (F. margarita), among others.[25]
The domestic cat is believed to have evolved from the Near Eastern wildcat, whose range covers vast portions of the Middle East westward to the Atlantic coast of Africa.[26][27] Between 70,000 and 100,000 years ago the animal gave rise to the genetic lineage that eventually produced all domesticated cats,[28] having diverged from the Near Eastern wildcat around 8,000 BC in the Middle East.[13][16]
The domestic cat was first classified as Felis catus by Carl Linnaeus in the 10th edition of his Systema Naturae published in 1758.[1][2] Because of modern phylogenetics, domestic cats are usually regarded as another subspecies of the wildcat, F. silvestris.[1][29][30] This has resulted in mixed usage of the terms, as the domestic cat can be called by its subspecies name, Felis silvestris catus.[1][29][30] Wildcats have also been referred to as various subspecies of F. catus,[30] but in 2003, the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature fixed the name for wildcats as F. silvestris.[31] The most common name in use for the domestic cat remains F. catus. Sometimes, the domestic cat has been called Felis domesticus[32] as proposed by German naturalist J. C. P. Erxleben in 1777,[33] but these are not valid taxonomic names and have been used only rarely in scientific literature.[34] A population of Transcaucasian black feral cats was once classified as Felis daemon (Satunin 1904) but now this population is considered to be a part of the domestic cat.[35]
All the cats in this genus share a common ancestor that is believed to have lived around 6–7 million years ago in the Near East (the Middle East).[36] The exact relationships within the Felidae are close but still uncertain,[37][38] e.g. the Chinese mountain cat is sometimes classified (under the name Felis silvestris bieti) as a subspecies of the wildcat, like the North African variety F. s. lybica.[29][37]
Ancient Egyptian sculpture of the cat goddess Bastet. The earliest evidence of felines as Egyptian deities comes from c. 3100 BC. In comparison to dogs, cats have not undergone major changes during the domestication process, as the form and behavior of the domestic cat is not radically different from those of wildcats and domestic cats are perfectly capable of surviving in the wild.[39][40] Fully domesticated house cats often interbreed with feral F. catus populations,[41] producing hybrids such as the Kellas cat. This limited evolution during domestication means that hybridisation can occur with many other felids, notably the Asian leopard cat.[42] Several natural behaviors and characteristics of wildcats may have predisposed them for domestication as pets.[40] These traits include their small size, social nature, obvious body language, love of play and relatively high intelligence.[43]:12–17 Several small felid species may have an inborn tendency towards tameness.[40]
Cats have either a mutualistic or commensal relationship with humans. Two main theories are given about how cats were domesticated. In one, people deliberately tamed cats in a process of artificial selection as they were useful predators of vermin.[44] This has been criticized as implausible, because the reward for such an effort may have been too little; cats generally do not carry out commands and although they do eat rodents, other species such as ferrets or terriers may be better at controlling these pests.[29] The alternative idea is that cats were simply tolerated by people and gradually diverged from their wild relatives through natural selection, as they adapted to hunting the vermin found around humans in towns and villages.[29]
Nomenclature and etymology The origin of the English word cat (Old English catt) and its counterparts in other Germanic languages (such as German Katze), descended from Proto-Germanic *kattōn-, is controversial. It has traditionally thought to be a borrowing from Late Latin cattus, 'domestic cat', from catta (used around 75 AD by Martial),[45][46] compare also Byzantine Greek κάττα, Portuguese and Spanish gato, French chat, Maltese qattus, Lithuanian katė, and Old Church Slavonic kotъ (kotka), among others.[47] The Late Latin word is generally thought to originate from an Afro-Asiatic language, but every proposed source word has presented problems. Many references refer to "Berber" (Kabyle) kaddîska, 'wildcat', and Nubian kadīs as possible sources or cognates, but M. Lionel Bender suggesets the Nubian term is a loan from Arabic قِطَّة qiṭṭa.[48] Jean-Paul Savignac suggests the Latin word is from an Ancient Egyptian precursor of Coptic ϣⲁⲩ šau, 'tomcat', or its feminine form suffixed with -t,[49] but John Huehnergard says "the source [...] was clearly not Egyptian itself, where no analogous form is attested."[48] Huehnergard opines it is "equally likely that the forms might derive from an ancient Germanic word, imported into Latin and thence to Greek and to Syriac and Arabic". Guus Kroonen also considers the word to be native to Germanic (due to morphological alternations) and Northern Europe, and suggests that it might ultimately be borrowed from Uralic, cf. Northern Sami gađfe, 'female stoat', and Hungarian hölgy, 'stoat'; from Proto-Uralic *käďwä, 'female (of a furred animal)'.[50] In any case, cat is a classic example of a Wanderwort.
An alternative word is English puss (extended as pussy and pussycat). Attested only from the 16th century, it may have been introduced from Dutch poes or from Low German puuskatte, related to Swedish kattepus, or Norwegian pus, pusekatt. Similar forms exist in Lithuanian puižė and Irish puisín or puiscín. The etymology of this word is unknown, but it may have simply arisen from a sound used to attract a cat.[51][52]
A group of cats can be referred to as a clowder or a glaring;[53] a male cat is called a tom or tomcat[54] (or a gib,[55] if neutered); an unspayed female is called a queen,[56] especially in a cat-breeding context; and a juvenile cat is referred to as a kitten. The male progenitor of a cat, especially a pedigreed cat, is its sire,[57] and its mother is its dam[58] In Early Modern English, the word kitten was interchangeable with the now obsolete word catling.[59]
A pedigreed cat is one whose ancestry is recorded by a cat fancier organization. A purebred (or pure-bred) cat is one whose ancestry contains only individuals of the same breed. Many pedigreed and especially purebred cats are exhibited as show cats. Cats of unrecorded, mixed ancestry are referred to as domestic short-haired or domestic long-haired cats (by coat type), or commonly as random-bred, moggies (chiefly British), or (using terms borrowed from dog breeding) mongrels or mutt-cats.
While the African wildcat is the ancestral subspecies from which domestic cats are descended, and wildcats and domestic cats can completely interbreed (being subspecies of the same species), several intermediate stages occur between domestic pet and pedigree cats on one hand and entirely wild animals on the other. The semi-feral cat, a mostly outdoor cat, is not owned by any one individual, but is generally friendly to people and may be fed by several households. Truly feral cats are associated with human habitation areas, foraging for food and sometimes intermittently fed by people, but are typically wary of human interaction.[41]
Biology Anatomy Main article: Cat anatomy
Diagram of the general anatomy of a male Domestic cats are similar in size to the other members of the genus Felis, typically weighing between 4 and 5 kg (9 and 10 lb).[37] Some breeds, such as the Maine Coon, can occasionally exceed 11 kg (24 lb). Conversely, very small cats, less than 2 kg (4 lb), have been reported.[60] The world record for the largest cat is 21 kg (50 lb).[61][self-published source] The smallest adult cat ever officially recorded weighed around 1 kg (2 lb).[61] Feral cats tend to be lighter, as they have more limited access to food than house cats. The Boston Cat Hospital weighted trapped feral cats, and found the average feral adult male to weigh 4 kg (9 lb), and average adult female 3 kg (7 lb).[62] Cats average about 23–25 cm (9–10 in) in height and 46 cm (18 in) in head/body length (males being larger than females), with tails averaging 30 cm (12 in) in length;[63] feral cats may be smaller on average.
Cats have seven cervical vertebrae, as do almost all mammals; 13 thoracic vertebrae (humans have 12); seven lumbar vertebrae (humans have five); three sacral vertebrae like most mammals (humans have five); and a variable number of caudal vertebrae in the tail (humans have only vestigial caudal vertebrae, fused into an internal coccyx).[64]:11 The extra lumbar and thoracic vertebrae account for the cat's spinal mobility and flexibility. Attached to the spine are 13 ribs, the shoulder, and the pelvis.[64] :16 Unlike human arms, cat forelimbs are attached to the shoulder by free-floating clavicle bones which allow them to pass their body through any space into which they can fit their head.[65]
Cat skull The cat skull is unusual among mammals in having very large eye sockets and a powerful and specialized jaw.[66]:35 Within the jaw, cats have teeth adapted for killing prey and tearing meat. When it overpowers its prey, a cat delivers a lethal neck bite with its two long canine teeth, inserting them between two of the prey's vertebrae and severing its spinal cord, causing irreversible paralysis and death.[67] Compared to other felines, domestic cats have narrowly spaced canine teeth, which is an adaptation to their preferred prey of small rodents, which have small vertebrae.[67] The premolar and first molar together compose the carnassial pair on each side of the mouth, which efficiently shears meat into small pieces, like a pair of scissors. These are vital in feeding, since cats' small molars cannot chew food effectively, and cats are largely incapable of mastication.[66]:37 Although cats tend to have better teeth than most humans, with decay generally less likely because of a thicker protective layer of enamel, a less damaging saliva, less retention of food particles between teeth, and a diet mostly devoid of sugar, they are nonetheless subject to occasional tooth loss and infection.[68]
Cats, like dogs, are digitigrades. They walk directly on their toes, with the bones of their feet making up the lower part of the visible leg.[69] Cats are capable of walking very precisely because, like all felines, they directly register; that is, they place each hind paw (almost) directly in the print of the corresponding fore paw, minimizing noise and visible tracks. This also provides sure footing for their hind paws when they navigate rough terrain. Unlike most mammals, when cats walk, they use a "pacing" gait; that is, they move the two legs on one side of the body before the legs on the other side. This trait is shared with camels and giraffes. As a walk speeds up into a trot, a cat's gait changes to be a "diagonal" gait, similar to that of most other mammals (and many other land animals, such as lizards): the diagonally opposite hind and fore legs move simultaneously.[70]
Like almost all members of the Felidae, cats have protractable and retractable claws.[71] In their normal, relaxed position, the claws are sheathed with the skin and fur around the paw's toe pads. This keeps the claws sharp by preventing wear from contact with the ground and allows the silent stalking of prey. The claws on the fore feet are typically sharper than those on the hind feet.[72] Cats can voluntarily extend their claws on one or more paws. They may extend their claws in hunting or self-defense, climbing, kneading, or for extra traction on soft surfaces. Most cats have five claws on their front paws, and four on their rear paws.[73] The fifth front claw (the dewclaw) is proximal to the other claws. More proximally is a protrusion which appears to be a sixth "finger". This special feature of the front paws, on the inside of the wrists, is the carpal pad, also found on the paws of big cats and dogs. It has no function in normal walking, but is thought to be an antiskidding device used while jumping. Some breeds of cats are prone to polydactyly (extra toes and claws).[73] These are particularly common along the northeast coast of North America.[74]
Physiology Cats are familiar and easily kept animals, and their physiology has been particularly well studied; it generally resembles those of other carnivorous mammals, but displays several unusual features probably attributable to cats' descent from desert-dwelling species.[32] For instance, cats are able to tolerate quite high temperatures: Humans generally start to feel uncomfortable when their skin temperature passes about 38 °C (100 °F), but cats show no discomfort until their skin reaches around 52 °C (126 °F),[66]:46 and can tolerate temperatures of up to 56 °C (133 °F) if they have access to water.[75]
Normal physiological values[76]:330 Body temperature 38.6 °C (101.5 °F) Heart rate 120–140 beats per minute Breathing rate 16–40 breaths per minute
Thermograph of various body parts of a cat Cats conserve heat by reducing the flow of blood to their skin and lose heat by evaporation through their mouths. Cats have minimal ability to sweat, with glands located primarily in their paw pads,[77] and pant for heat relief only at very high temperatures[78] (but may also pant when stressed). A cat's body temperature does not vary throughout the day; this is part of cats' general lack of circadian rhythms and may reflect their tendency to be active both during the day and at night.[79]:1 Cats' feces are comparatively dry and their urine is highly concentrated, both of which are adaptations to allow cats to retain as much water as possible.[32] Their kidneys are so efficient, they can survive on a diet consisting only of meat, with no additional water,[80] and can even rehydrate by drinking seawater.[81][79]:29While domestic cats are able to swim, they are generally reluctant to enter water as it quickly leads to exhaustion.[82]
Nutrition Cats are obligate carnivores: their physiology has evolved to efficiently process meat, and they have difficulty digesting plant matter.[32] In contrast to omnivores such as rats, which only require about 4% protein in their diet, about 20% of a cat's diet must be protein.[32] A cat's gastrointestinal tract is adapted to meat eating, being much shorter than that of omnivores and having low levels of several of the digestive enzymes needed to digest carbohydrates.[83] These traits severely limit the cat's ability to digest and use plant-derived nutrients, as well as certain fatty acids.[83] Despite the cat's meat-oriented physiology, several vegetarian or vegan cat foods have been marketed that are supplemented with chemically synthesized taurine and other nutrients, in attempts to produce a complete diet. However, some of these products still fail to provide all the nutrients cats require,[84] and diets containing no animal products pose the risk of causing severe nutritional deficiencies.[85] However, veterinarians in the United States have expressed concern that many domestic cats are overfed.[86]
Cats do eat grass occasionally. A proposed explanation is that cats use grass as a source of folic acid. Another is that it is used to supply dietary fiber, helping the cat defecate more easily and expel parasites and other harmful material through feces and vomit.[87]
Cats are unusually dependent on a constant supply of the amino acid arginine, and a diet lacking arginine causes marked weight loss and can be rapidly fatal.[88] Arginine is an essential additive in cat food because cats have low levels of the enzymes aminotransferase and pyrroline-5-carboxylate which are responsible for the synthesis of ornithine and citrulline in the small intestine.[89] Citrulline would typically go on to the kidneys to make arginine, but because cats have a deficiency in the enzymes that make it, citrulline is not produced in adequate quantities to make arginine. Arginine is essential in the urea cycle in order to convert the toxic component ammonia into urea that can then be excreted in the urine. Because of its essential role, deficiency in arginine results in a build up of toxic ammonia and leads to hyperammonemia.[89] The symptoms of hyperammonemia include lethargy, vomiting, ataxia, hyperesthesia and can be serious enough to induce death and coma in a matter of days if a cat is being fed an arginine-free diet. The quick onset of these symptoms is due to the fact that diets devoid in arginine will typically still contain all of the other amino acids, which will continue to be catabolized by the body, producing mass amounts of ammonia that very quickly build up with no way of being excreted.
Another unusual feature is that the cat cannot produce taurine,[note 1] with a deficiency in this nutrient causing macular degeneration, wherein the cat's retina slowly breaks down, causing irreversible blindness.[32] This is due to the hepatic activity of cystinesulfinic acid decarboxylase being low in cats.[91] This limits the ability of cats to biosynthesize the taurine they need from its precursor, the amino acid cysteine, which ultimately results in inadequate taurine production needed for normal function.[91] Deficiencies in taurine result in compensated function of feline cardiovascular and reproductive systems.[91] These abnormalities can also be accompanied by developmental issues in the central nervous system along with degeneration of the retina.[91]
In order to produce the essential vitamin niacin for use in the cat, tryptophan is needed for conversion purposes. However, due to a competing pathway with acetyl coenzyme A (acetyl-CoA), niacin can become deficient and require supplementation.[92] This process occurs when an overactive enzyme, picolinic acid carboxylase, converts the vitamin B6 precursor picolinic acid into the alternate compound acetyl-CoA, instead of converting quinolinate into nictotinic acid mononlucleotide (niacin).[93] Niacin is required in cats as it supports enzyme function. If niacin is deficient in the diet, anorexia, weight loss and an increase in body temperature can result.[94]
Preformed vitamin A is required in the cat for retinal and reproductive health. Vitamin A is considered to be a fat-soluble vitamin and is seen as essential in a cat's diet. Normally, the conversion of beta-carotenes into vitamin A occurs in the intestine (more specifically the mucosal layer) of species, however cats lack the ability to undergo this process.[92] Both the kidney and liver are contributors to the use of vitamin A in the body of the majority of species while the cats liver does not produce the enzyme Beta-carotene 15,15'-monooxygenase which converts the beta-carotene into retinol (vitamin A).[95] To summarize: cats do not have high levels of this enzyme leading to the cleavage and oxidation of carotenoids not taking place.[93]
Vitamin D3 is a dietary requirement for cats as they lack the ability to synthesize vitamin D3 from sunlight.[96] Cats obtain high levels of the enzyme 7-dehydrocholestrol delta 7 reductase which causes immediate conversion of vitamin D3 from sunlight to 7-dehydrocholesterol.[97] This fat soluble vitamin is required in cats for bone formation through the promotion of calcium retention, along with nerve and muscle control through absorption of calcium and phosphorus.[97]
Cats, like all mammals, need to get linoleic acid, an essential fatty acid, from their diet. Most mammals can convert linoleic acid to arachidonic acid, as well as the omega 3 fatty acids (eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid) through the activity of enzymes, but this process is very limited in cats.[92] The Δ6-desaturase enzyme eventually converts linoleic acid, which is in its salt form linoleate, to arachidonate (salt form of arachidonic acid) in the liver, but this enzyme has very little activity in cats.[92] This means that arachidonic acid is an essential fatty acid for cats as they lack the ability to create required amounts of linoleic acid. Deficiency of arachidonic acid in cats is related to problems in growth, can cause injury and inflammation to skin (e.g. around the mouth) decreased platelet aggregation, fatty liver, increase in birth defects of kittens whose queens were deficient during pregnancy, and reproductive failure in queens.[92] Arachidonic acid can also be metabolized to eicosanoids that create inflammatory responses which are needed to stimulate proper growth and repair mechanisms in the cat.[98]
Cat food § Nutrient chart provides a list of the many nutrients cats require as well as the use of the nutrients in the body and the effects of the deficiency.
Senses Main article: Cat senses
Reflection of camera flash from the tapetum lucidum Cats have excellent night vision and can see at only one-sixth the light level required for human vision.[66]:43 This is partly the result of cat eyes having a tapetum lucidum, which reflects any light that passes through the retina back into the eye, thereby increasing the eye's sensitivity to dim light.[99] Another adaptation to dim light is the large pupils of cats' eyes. Unlike some big cats, such as tigers, domestic cats have slit pupils.[100] These slit pupils can focus bright light without chromatic aberration, and are needed since the domestic cat's pupils are much larger, relative to their eyes, than the pupils of the big cats.[100] At low light levels, a cat's pupils will expand to cover most of the exposed surface of its eyes.[101] However, domestic cats have rather poor color vision and (like most nonprimate mammals) have only two types of cones, optimized for sensitivity to blue and yellowish green; they have limited ability to distinguish between red and green.[102] A 1993 paper reported a response to middle wavelengths from a system other than the rods which might be due to a third type of cone. However, this appears to be an adaptation to low light levels rather than representing true trichromatic vision.[103]
Cats have excellent hearing and can detect an extremely broad range of frequencies. They can hear higher-pitched sounds than either dogs or humans, detecting frequencies from 55 Hz to 79,000 Hz, a range of 10.5 octaves, while humans and dogs both have ranges of about 9 octaves.[104][105] Cats can hear ultrasound, which is important in hunting[106] because many species of rodents make ultrasonic calls.[107] However, they do not communicate using ultrasound like rodents do. Cats' hearing is also sensitive and among the best of any mammal,[104] being most acute in the range of 500 Hz to 32 kHz.[108] This sensitivity is further enhanced by the cat's large movable outer ears (their pinnae), which both amplify sounds and help detect the direction of a noise.[106]
Cats have an acute sense of smell, due in part to their well-developed olfactory bulb and a large surface of olfactory mucosa, about 5.8 cm2 (0.90 in2) in area, which is about twice that of humans.[109] Cats are sensitive to pheromones such as 3-mercapto-3-methylbutan-1-ol,[110] which they use to communicate through urine spraying and marking with scent glands.[111] Many cats also respond strongly to plants that contain nepetalactone, especially catnip, as they can detect that substance at less than one part per billion.[112] About 70–80% of cats are affected by nepetalactone.[113] This response is also produced by other plants, such as silver vine (Actinidia polygama) and the herb valerian; it may be caused by the smell of these plants mimicking a pheromone and stimulating cats' social or sexual behaviors.[114]
Cats have relatively few taste buds compared to humans (470 or so versus more than 9,000 on the human tongue).[115] Domestic and wild cats share a gene mutation that keeps their sweet taste buds from binding to sugary molecules, leaving them with no ability to taste sweetness.[116] Their taste buds instead respond to acids, amino acids like protein, and bitter tastes.[117] Cats and many other animals have a Jacobson's organ in their mouths that is used in the behavioral process of flehmening. It allows them to sense certain aromas in a way that humans cannot. Cats also have a distinct temperature preference for their food, preferring food with a temperature around 38 °C (100 °F) which is similar to that of a fresh kill and routinely rejecting food presented cold or refrigerated (which would signal to the cat that the "prey" item is long dead and therefore possibly toxic or decomposing).[115]
The whiskers of a cat are highly sensitive to touch. To aid with navigation and sensation, cats have dozens of movable whiskers (vibrissae) over their body, especially their faces. These provide information on the width of gaps and on the location of objects in the dark, both by touching objects directly and by sensing air currents; they also trigger protective blink reflexes to protect the eyes from damage.[66]:47
File:BIOASTRONAUTICS RESEARCH Gov.archives.arc.68700.ogv Comparison of cat righting reflexes in gravity versus zero gravity Most breeds of cat have a noted fondness for settling in high places, or perching. In the wild, a higher place may serve as a concealed site from which to hunt; domestic cats may strike prey by pouncing from a perch such as a tree branch, as does a leopard.[118] Another possible explanation is that height gives the cat a better observation point, allowing it to survey its territory. During a fall from a high place, a cat can reflexively twist its body and right itself using its acute sense of balance and flexibility.[119] This is known as the cat righting reflex. An individual cat always rights itself in the same way, provided it has the time to do so, during a fall. The height required for this to occur is around 90 cm (3.0 ft). Cats without a tail (e.g. many specimens of the Manx and Cymric breeds) also have this ability, since a cat mostly relies on leg movement and conservation of angular momentum to set up for landing, and the tail is little used for this feat.[120] Their excellent sense of balance allows cats to move with great stability. A cat falling from heights of up to 3 meters can right itself and land on its paws.[121]
Health Main articles: Cat health and Aging in cats The average lifespan of pet cats has risen in recent years. In the early 1980s, it was about seven years,[122]:33[123] rising to 9.4 years in 1995[122]:33 and 15.1 years in 2018.[124] However, cats have been reported as surviving into their 30s,[125] with the oldest known cat, Creme Puff, dying at a verified age of 38.[126]
Spaying or neutering increases life expectancy: one study found neutered male cats live twice as long as intact males, while spayed female cats live 62% longer than intact females.[122]:35 Having a cat neutered confers health benefits, because castrated males cannot develop testicular cancer, spayed females cannot develop uterine or ovarian cancer, and both have a reduced risk of mammary cancer.[127]
Despite widespread concern about the welfare of free-roaming cats, the lifespans of neutered feral cats in managed colonies compare favorably with those of pet cats.[128]:45[129]:1358 [130][131][132][133]
Diseases Main article: Feline diseases A wide range of health problems may affect cats, including infectious diseases, parasites, injuries, and chronic disease. Vaccinations are available for many of these diseases, and domestic cats are regularly given treatments to eliminate parasites such as worms and fleas.[134]
Genetics Main article: Cat genetics The domesticated cat and its closest wild ancestor are both diploid organisms that possess 38 chromosomes[135] and roughly 20,000 genes.[136] About 250 heritable genetic disorders have been identified in cats, many similar to human inborn errors.[137] The high level of similarity among the metabolism of mammals allows many of these feline diseases to be diagnosed using genetic tests that were originally developed for use in humans, as well as the use of cats as animal models in the study of the human diseases.[138][139]
Behavior See also: Cat behavior and Cat intelligence A black-and-white cat on a fence A cat on a fence Outdoor cats are active both day and night, although they tend to be slightly more active at night.[140][141] The timing of cats' activity is quite flexible and varied, which means house cats may be more active in the morning and evening, as a response to greater human activity at these times.[142] Although they spend the majority of their time in the vicinity of their home, housecats can range many hundreds of meters from this central point, and are known to establish territories that vary considerably in size, in one study ranging from 7 to 28 hectares (17–69 acres).[141]
Cats conserve energy by sleeping more than most animals, especially as they grow older. The daily duration of sleep varies, usually between 12 and 16 hours, with 13 and 14 being the average. Some cats can sleep as much as 20 hours. The term "cat nap" for a short rest refers to the cat's tendency to fall asleep (lightly) for a brief period. While asleep, cats experience short periods of rapid eye movement sleep often accompanied by muscle twitches, which suggests they are dreaming.[143]
Social grooming Although wildcats are solitary, the social behavior of domestic cats is much more variable and ranges from widely dispersed individuals to feral cat colonies that gather around a food source, based on groups of co-operating females.[144][145] Within such groups, one cat is usually dominant over the others.[34] Each cat in a colony holds a distinct territory, with sexually active males having the largest territories, which are about 10 times larger than those of female cats and may overlap with several females' territories.[111] These territories are marked by urine spraying, by rubbing objects at head height with secretions from facial glands, and by defecation.[111] Between these territories are neutral areas where cats watch and greet one another without territorial conflicts. Outside these neutral areas, territory holders usually chase away stranger cats, at first by staring, hissing, and growling, and if that does not work, by short but noisy and violent attacks. Despite some cats cohabiting in colonies, they do not have a social survival strategy, or a pack mentality, and always hunt alone.[146]
Cat with an Alaskan Malamute dog However, some pet cats are poorly socialized. In particular, older cats may show aggressiveness towards newly arrived kittens, which may include biting and scratching; this type of behavior is known as feline asocial aggression.[147]
Though cats and dogs are often characterized as natural enemies, they can live together if correctly socialized.[148]
Life in proximity to humans and other domestic animals has led to a symbiotic social adaptation in cats, and cats may express great affection toward humans or other animals. Ethologically, the human keeper of a cat may function as a sort of surrogate for the cat's mother,[149] and adult housecats live their lives in a kind of extended kittenhood,[150] a form of behavioral neoteny. The high-pitched sounds housecats make to solicit food may mimic the cries of a hungry human infant, making them particularly hard for humans to ignore.[151]
Domestic cats' scent rubbing behavior towards humans or other cats is thought to be a feline means for social bonding.[152]
Communication Main article: Cat communication Domestic cats use many vocalizations for communication, including purring, trilling, hissing, growling/snarling, grunting, and several different forms of meowing.[7] (By contrast, feral cats are generally silent.)[153]:208 Their types of body language, including position of ears and tail, relaxation of the whole body, and kneading of the paws, are all indicators of mood. The tail and ears are particularly important social signal mechanisms in cats;[154][155] for example, a raised tail acts as a friendly greeting, and flattened ears indicates hostility. Tail-raising also indicates the cat's position in the group's social hierarchy, with dominant individuals raising their tails less often than subordinate animals.[155] Nose-to-nose touching is also a common greeting and may be followed by social grooming, which is solicited by one of the cats raising and tilting its head.[145]
Purring may have developed as an evolutionary advantage as a signalling mechanism of reassurance between mother cats and nursing kittens. Post-nursing cats often purr as a sign of contentment: when being petted, becoming relaxed,[156][157] or eating. The mechanism by which cats purr is elusive. The cat has no unique anatomical feature that is clearly responsible for the sound.[158] It was, until recent times, believed that only the cats of the Felis genus could purr. However, felids of the genus Panthera (tiger, lion, jaguar, and leopard) also produce non-continuous sounds, called chuffs, similar to purring, but only when exhaling.[159]
The hooked papillae on a cat's tongue act like a hairbrush to help clean and detangle fur. File:Housecat Grooming Itself.webm A tabby housecat uses its brush-like tongue to groom itself, licking its fur to straighten it. Cats are known for spending considerable amounts of time licking their coat to keep it clean.[160] The cat's tongue has backwards-facing spines about 500 μm long, which are called papillae. These contain keratin which makes them rigid[161] so the papillae act like a hairbrush. Some cats, particularly longhaired cats, occasionally regurgitate hairballs of fur that have collected in their stomachs from grooming. These clumps of fur are usually sausage-shaped and about 2–3 cm (0.8–1.2 in) long. Hairballs can be prevented with remedies that ease elimination of the hair through the gut, as well as regular grooming of the coat with a comb or stiff brush.[160]
Fighting Among domestic cats, males are more likely to fight than females.[162] Among feral cats, the most common reason for cat fighting is competition between two males to mate with a female. In such cases, most fights are won by the heavier male.[163] Another common reason for fighting in domestic cats is the difficulty of establishing territories within a small home.[162] Female cats also fight over territory or to defend their kittens. Neutering will decrease or eliminate this behavior in many cases, suggesting that the behavior is linked to sex hormones.[164]
An arched back, raised fur and an open-mouthed hiss can all be signs of aggression in a domestic cat. When cats become aggressive, they try to make themselves appear larger and more threatening by raising their fur, arching their backs, turning sideways and hissing or spitting.[154] Often, the ears are pointed down and back to avoid damage to the inner ear and potentially listen for any changes behind them while focused forward. They may also vocalize loudly and bare their teeth in an effort to further intimidate their opponent. Fights usually consist of grappling and delivering powerful slaps to the face and body with the forepaws as well as bites. Cats also throw themselves to the ground in a defensive posture to rake their opponent's belly with their powerful hind legs.[165]
Serious damage is rare, as the fights are usually short in duration, with the loser running away with little more than a few scratches to the face and ears. However, fights for mating rights are typically more severe and injuries may include deep puncture wounds and lacerations. Normally, serious injuries from fighting are limited to infections of scratches and bites, though these can occasionally kill cats if untreated. In addition, bites are probably the main route of transmission of feline immunodeficiency virus.[166] Sexually active males are usually involved in many fights during their lives, and often have decidedly battered faces with obvious scars and cuts to their ears and nose.[167]
Hunting and feeding
A cat that is playing with a caught mouse. Cats play with their prey to weaken or exhaust them before making a kill.
A domestic cat with its prey Cats hunt small prey, primarily birds and rodents,[168] and are often used as a form of pest control.[169][170] Domestic cats are a major predator of wildlife in the United States, killing an estimated 1.4 to 3.7 billion birds and 6.9 to 20.7 billion mammals annually.[171][172] The bulk of predation in the United States is done by 80 million feral and stray cats. Effective measures to reduce this population are elusive, meeting opposition from cat enthusiasts.[171][172] In the case of free-ranging pets, equipping cats with bells and not letting them out at night will reduce wildlife predation.[168]
Free-fed feral cats and house cats tend to consume many small meals in a single day, although the frequency and size of meals varies between individuals.[146] Cats use two hunting strategies, either stalking prey actively, or waiting in ambush until an animal comes close enough to be captured.[173] Although it is not certain, the strategy used may depend on the prey species in the area, with cats waiting in ambush outside burrows, but tending to actively stalk birds.[174]:153
Perhaps the best known element of cats' hunting behavior, which is commonly misunderstood and often appalls cat owners because it looks like torture, is that cats often appear to "play" with prey by releasing it after capture. This behavior is due to an instinctive imperative to ensure that the prey is weak enough to be killed without endangering the cat.[175] This behavior is referred to in the idiom "cat-and-mouse game" or simply "cat and mouse".
Another poorly understood element of cat hunting behavior is the presentation of prey to human guardians. Ethologist Paul Leyhausen proposed that cats adopt humans into their social group and share excess kill with others in the group according to the dominance hierarchy, in which humans are reacted to as if they are at, or near, the top.[176] Anthropologist and zoologist Desmond Morris, in his 1986 book Catwatching, suggests, when cats bring home mice or birds, they are attempting to teach their human to hunt, or trying to help their human as if feeding "an elderly cat, or an inept kitten".[177][178] Morris's hypothesis is inconsistent with the fact that male cats also bring home prey, despite males having negligible involvement with raising kittens.[174]:153
Domestic cats select food based on its temperature, smell and texture; they dislike chilled foods and respond most strongly to moist foods rich in amino acids, which are similar to meat.[85][146] Cats may reject novel flavors (a response termed neophobia) and learn quickly to avoid foods that have tasted unpleasant in the past.[146] They may also avoid sugary foods and milk. Most adult cats are lactose intolerant; the sugars in milk are not easily digested and may cause soft stools or diarrhea.[146][179] They can also develop odd eating habits. Some cats like to eat or chew on other things, most commonly wool, but also plastic, cables, paper, string, aluminum foil, or even coal. This condition, pica, can threaten their health, depending on the amount and toxicity of the items eaten.[180][181]
Though cats usually prey on animals less than half their size, a feral cat in Australia has been photographed killing an adult pademelon of around the cat's weight at 4 kg (8.8 lb).[182]
Since cats lack sufficient lips to create suction,[183] they use a lapping method with the tongue to draw liquid upwards into their mouths. Lapping at a rate of four times a second, the cat touches the smooth tip of its tongue to the surface of the water, and quickly retracts it like a corkscrew, drawing water upwards.[184]
Running A veterinarian and columnist for Mercola Healthy Pets, Karen Shaw Becker, has compiled a list of the fastest and most athletic cat breeds. First is the Egyptian Mau, which can clock up to 30 miles per hour, faster than any other domestic cat breed in the world.[185][unreliable source] In descending order, Becker lists the other swift domestic cats: the Abyssinian cat, the Somali cat, the Bengal cat, the Savannah cat, the Manx cat ("He can jump and accelerate through the house like there's no tomorrow. Watch for his sharp turns and quick stops – you'll think he's a mini sports car in the shape of a cat."), the Siamese cat, the Ocicat, and the Oriental Shorthair.
The average house cat can outspeed the average house dog (excluding those born to run and race, such as the greyhound and the cheetah), but they excel at sprinting, not at long-distance running.
Play Main article: Cat play and toys File:Play fight between cats.webmhd.webm Play fight between kittens, age 14 weeks Domestic cats, especially young kittens, are known for their love of play. This behavior mimics hunting and is important in helping kittens learn to stalk, capture, and kill prey.[186] Cats also engage in play fighting, with each other and with humans. This behavior may be a way for cats to practice the skills needed for real combat, and might also reduce any fear they associate with launching attacks on other animals.[187]
Owing to the close similarity between play and hunting, cats prefer to play with objects that resemble prey, such as small furry toys that move rapidly, but rapidly lose interest (they become habituated) in a toy they have played with before.[188] Cats also tend to play with toys more when they are hungry.[189] String is often used as a toy, but if it is eaten, it can become caught at the base of the cat's tongue and then move into the intestines, a medical emergency which can cause serious illness, even death.[190] Owing to the risks posed by cats eating string, it is sometimes replaced with a laser pointer's dot, which cats may chase.[191]
Reproduction See also: Kitten
When cats mate, the tomcat (male) bites the scruff of the female's neck as she assumes a position conducive to mating known as lordosis behavior.
Radiography of a pregnant cat (about one month and a half) Female cats are seasonally polyestrous, which means they may have many periods of heat over the course of a year, the season beginning in spring and ending in late autumn. Heat periods occur about every two weeks and last about 4 to 7 days.[192] Multiple males will be attracted to a female in heat. The males will fight over her, and the victor wins the right to mate. At first, the female rejects the male, but eventually the female allows the male to mate. The female utters a loud yowl as the male pulls out of her because a male cat's penis has a band of about 120–150 backwards-pointing penile spines, which are about 1 mm long; upon withdrawal of the penis, the spines rake the walls of the female's vagina, which acts to induce ovulation. This act also occurs to clear the vagina of other sperm in the context of a second (or more) mating, thus giving the later males a larger chance of conception.[193]
After mating, the female washes her vulva thoroughly. If a male attempts to mate with her at this point, the female will attack him. After about 20 to 30 minutes, once the female is finished grooming, the cycle will repeat.[192]
Because ovulation is not always triggered by a single mating, females may not be impregnated by the first male with which they mate.[194] Furthermore, cats are superfecund; that is, a female may mate with more than one male when she is in heat, with the result that different kittens in a litter may have different fathers.[192]
A newborn kitten At 124 hours after conception, the morula forms. At 148 hours, early blastocysts form. At 10–12 days, implantation occurs.[195][196]
The gestation period for cats is between 64 and 67 days, with an average of 66 days.[197] The size of a litter usually is three to five kittens, with the first litter usually smaller than subsequent litters. Kittens are weaned between six and seven weeks old, and cats normally reach sexual maturity at 5–10 months (females) and to 5–7 months (males), although this can vary depending on breed.[192] Females can have two to three litters per year, so may produce up to 150 kittens in their breeding span of around ten years.[192]
Cats are ready to go to new homes at about 12 weeks of age,[198] when they are ready to leave their mother. They can be surgically sterilized (spayed or castrated) as early as 7 weeks to limit unwanted reproduction.[199] This surgery also prevents undesirable sex-related behavior, such as aggression, territory marking (spraying urine) in males and yowling (calling) in females. Traditionally, this surgery was performed at around six to nine months of age, but it is increasingly being performed before puberty, at about three to six months.[200] In the US, about 80% of household cats are neutered.[201]
Ecology Habitats
A cat in snowy weather Cats are a cosmopolitan species and are found across much of the world.[39] Geneticist Stephen James O'Brien, of the National Cancer Institute in Frederick, Maryland, remarked on how successful cats have been in evolutionary terms: "Cats are one of evolution's most charismatic creatures. They can live on the highest mountains and in the hottest deserts."[202] They are extremely adaptable and are now present on all continents except Antarctica, and on 118 of the 131 main groups of islands—even on isolated islands such as the Kerguelen Islands.[203][204]
Feral cats can live in forests, grasslands, tundra, coastal areas, agricultural land, scrublands, urban areas, and wetlands.[205] Their habitats even include small oceanic islands with no human inhabitants.[206] Further, the close relatives of domestic cats, the African wildcat (Felis silvestris lybica) and the Arabian sand cat (Felis margarita) both inhabit desert environments,[29] and domestic cats still show similar adaptations and behaviors.[32] The cat's ability to thrive in almost any terrestrial habitat has led to its designation as one of the world's worst invasive species.[207]
As domestic cats are little altered from wildcats, they can readily interbreed. This hybridization poses a danger to the genetic distinctiveness of some wildcat populations, particularly in Scotland and Hungary and possibly also the Iberian Peninsula.[42]
Feral cats Main article: Feral cat
Feral farm cat Feral cats are domestic cats that were born in or have reverted to a wild state. They are unfamiliar with and wary of humans and roam freely in urban and rural areas.[9] The numbers of feral cats is not known, but estimates of the US feral population range from 25 to 60 million.[9] Feral cats may live alone, but most are found in large colonies, which occupy a specific territory and are usually associated with a source of food.[208] Famous feral cat colonies are found in Rome around the Colosseum and Forum Romanum, with cats at some of these sites being fed and given medical attention by volunteers.[209]
Public attitudes towards feral cats vary widely, ranging from seeing them as free-ranging pets, to regarding them as vermin.[210] One common approach to reducing the feral cat population is termed 'trap-neuter-return', where the cats are trapped, neutered, immunized against diseases such as rabies and the feline Panleukopenia and Leukemia viruses, and then released.[211] Before releasing them back into their feral colonies, the attending veterinarian often nips the tip off one ear to mark it as neutered and inoculated, since these cats may be trapped again. Volunteers continue to feed and give care to these cats throughout their lives. Given this support, their lifespans are increased, and behavior and nuisance problems caused by competition for food are reduced.[208]
Impact on prey species
Carrying half of a rabbit To date, little scientific data is available to assess the impact of cat predation on prey populations outside of agricultural situations. Even well-fed domestic cats may hunt and kill, mainly catching small mammals, but also birds, amphibians, reptiles, fish, and invertebrates.[168][212] Hunting by domestic cats may be contributing to the decline in the numbers of birds in urban areas, although the importance of this effect remains controversial.[213] In the wild, the introduction of feral cats during human settlement can threaten native species with extinction.[206] In many cases, controlling or eliminating the populations of non-native cats can produce a rapid recovery in native animals.[214] However, the ecological role of introduced cats can be more complicated. For example, cats can control the numbers of rats, which also prey on birds' eggs and young, so a cat population can protect an endangered bird species by suppressing mesopredators.[215]
In isolated landmasses, such as Australasia, there are often no other native, medium-sized quadrupedal predators (including other feline species); this tends to exacerbate the impact of feral cats on small native animals.[216] Native species such as the New Zealand kakapo and the Australian bettong, for example, tend to be more ecologically vulnerable and behaviorally "naive", when faced with predation by cats.[217] Feral cats have had a major impact on these native species and have played a leading role in the endangerment and extinction of many animals.[218]
Even in places with ancient and numerous cat populations, such as Western Europe, cats appear to be growing in number and independently of their environments' carrying capacity (such as the numbers of prey available).[219][220] This may be explained, at least in part, by an abundance of food, from sources including feeding by pet owners and scavenging. For instance, research in Britain suggests that a high proportion of cats hunt only "recreationally"[220], and in South Sweden, where research in 1982 found that the population density of cats was as high as 2,000 per square kilometre (5,200/sq mi).[219]
In agricultural settings, cats can be effective at keeping mouse and rat populations low, but only if rodent harborage locations are kept under control.[221][222] While cats are effective at preventing rodent population explosions, they are not effective for eliminating pre-existing severe infestations.[223]
Impact on birds
A black cat eating a house sparrow The domestic cat is a significant predator of birds. UK assessments indicate they may be accountable for an estimated 64.8 million bird deaths each year.[168] A 2012 study suggests feral cats may kill several billion birds each year in the United States.[224] Certain species appear more susceptible than others; for example, 30% of house sparrow mortality is linked to the domestic cat.[225] In the recovery of ringed robins (Erithacus rubecula) and dunnocks (Prunella modularis), 31% of deaths were a result of cat predation.[226] In parts of North America, the presence of larger carnivores such as coyotes which prey on cats and other small predators reduces the effect of predation by cats and other small predators such as opossums and raccoons on bird numbers and variety.[227] The proposal that cat populations will increase when the numbers of these top predators decline is called the mesopredator release hypothesis.
On islands, birds can contribute as much as 60% of a cat's diet.[228] In nearly all cases, however, the cat cannot be identified as the sole cause for reducing the numbers of island birds, and in some instances, eradication of cats has caused a 'mesopredator release' effect;[229] where the suppression of top carnivores creates an abundance of smaller predators that cause a severe decline in their shared prey. Domestic cats are, however, known to be a contributing factor to the decline of many species, a factor that has ultimately led, in some cases, to extinction. The South Island piopio, Chatham rail,[226] the New Zealand merganser,[230] and the common diving petrel[231] are a few from a long list, with the most extreme case being the flightless Lyall's wren, which was driven to extinction only a few years after its discovery.[232][233]
Some of the same factors that have promoted adaptive radiation of island avifauna over evolutionary time appear to promote vulnerability to non-native species in modern time. The susceptibility of many island birds is undoubtedly due to evolution in the absence of mainland predators, competitors, diseases, and parasites, in addition to lower reproductive rates and extended incubation periods.[234] The loss of flight, or reduced flying ability is also characteristic of many island endemics.[235] These biological aspects have increased vulnerability to extinction in the presence of introduced species, such as the domestic cat.[236] Equally, behavioral traits exhibited by island species, such as "predatory naivety"[237] and ground-nesting,[234] have also contributed to their susceptibility.
Interaction with humans Main article: Human interaction with cats
Cats and people Cats are common pets throughout the world, and their worldwide population exceeds 500 million.[13] Although cat guardianship has commonly been associated with women,[238] a 2007 Gallup poll reported that men and women in the United States of America were equally likely to own a cat.[239]
As well as being kept as pets, cats are also used in the international fur[240] and leather industries for making coats, hats, blankets, and stuffed toys;[241] and shoes, gloves, and musical instruments respectively[242] (about 24 cats are needed to make a cat-fur coat).[243] This use has been outlawed in the United States, Australia, and the European Union.[244] Cat pelts have been used for superstitious purposes as part of the practise of witchcraft,[245] and are still made into blankets in Switzerland as folk remedies believed to help rheumatism.[246] In the Western intellectual tradition, the idea of cats as everyday objects have served to illustrate problems of quantum mechanics in the Schrödinger's cat thought experiment.
A few attempts to build a cat census have been made over the years, both through associations or national and international organizations (such as the Canadian Federation of Humane Societies's one[247]) and over the Internet,[248][249] but such a task does not seem simple to achieve. General estimates for the global population of domestic cats range widely from anywhere between 200 million to 600 million.[250][251][252][253][254][255]
Cat show Main article: Cat show A cat show is a judged event where the owners of cats compete to win titles in various cat registering organizations by entering their cats to be judged after a breed standard.[256][257] Both pedigreed and companion (or moggy) cats are admissible, although the rules differ from organization to organization. Cats are compared to a breed standard,[258] and the owners of those judged to be closest to it are awarded a prize. Moggies are judged based on their temperament. Often, at the end of the year, all of the points accrued at various shows are added up and more national and regional titles are awarded.
Cat café Main article: Cat café A cat café is a theme café whose attraction is cats that can be watched and played with.[259] Patrons pay a cover fee, generally hourly and thus cat cafés can be seen as a form of supervised indoor pet rental.
Ailurophobia Main article: Ailurophobia Ailurophobia is a human phobia of cats; however, the term is often associated with humans that have a hatred of cats.[260]
Cat bites Main article: Cat bite Cats may bite humans when provoked, during play or when aggressive. Complications from cat bites can develop.[261] A cat bite differs from the bites of other pets. This is because the teeth of a cat are sharp and pointed causing deep punctures. Skin usually closes rapidly over the bite and traps microorganisms that cause infection.[262][261]
Infections transmitted from cats to humans Main article: Feline zoonosis Cats can be infected or infested with viruses, bacteria, fungus, protozoans, arthropods or worms that can transmit diseases to humans.[263] In some cases, the cat exhibits no symptoms of the disease,[264] However, the same disease can then become evident in a human. The likelihood that a person will become diseased depends on the age and immune status of the person. Humans who have cats living in their home or in close association are more likely to become infected, however, those who do not keep cats as pets might also acquire infections from cat feces and parasites exiting the cat's body.[263][265] Some of the infections of most concern include salmonella, cat scratch disease and toxoplasmosis.[264]
History and mythology Main articles: Cultural depictions of cats and Cats in ancient Egypt
The ancient Egyptians mummified dead cats out of respect in the same way that they mummified people.[266]
Ancient Roman mosaic of a cat killing a partridge from the House of the Faun in Pompeii
A 19th-century drawing of a tabby cat Traditionally, historians tended to think ancient Egypt was the site of cat domestication, owing to the clear depictions of house cats in Egyptian paintings about 3,600 years old.[29] However, in 2004, a Neolithic grave excavated in Shillourokambos, Cyprus, contained the skeletons, laid close to one another, of both a human and a cat. The grave is estimated to be 9,500 years old, pushing back the earliest known feline–human association significantly.[16][267][268] The cat specimen is large and closely resembles the African wildcat, rather than present-day domestic cats. This discovery, combined with genetic studies, suggests cats were probably domesticated in the Middle East, in the Fertile Crescent around the time of the development of agriculture, and then were brought to Cyprus and Egypt.[15][20] Direct evidence for the domestication of cats 5,300 years ago in Quanhucun, China has been published by archaeologists and paleontologists from the University of Washington and Chinese Academy of Sciences. The cats are believed to have been attracted to the village by rodents, which in turn were attracted by grain cultivated and stored by humans.[269]
In ancient Egypt, cats were sacred animals, with the goddess Bastet often depicted in cat form, sometimes taking on the war-like aspect of a lioness.[270]:220 Killing a cat was absolutely forbidden[266] and the Greek historian Herodotus reports that, whenever a household cat died, the entire family would mourn and shave their eyebrows.[266] Families took their dead cats to the sacred city of Bubastis,[266] where they were embalmed and buried in sacred repositories.[266] Domestic cats were probably first introduced to Greece and southern Italy in the fifth century BC by the Phoenicians.[271] The earliest unmistakable evidence of the Greeks having domestic cats comes from two coins from Magna Graecia dating to the mid-fifth century BC showing Iokastos and Phalanthos, the legendary founders of Rhegion and Taras respectively, playing with their pet cats.[272]:57–58[273]
Housecats seem to have been extremely rare among the ancient Greeks and Romans;[273] Herodotus expressed astonishment at the domestic cats in Egypt, because he had only ever seen wildcats.[273] Even during later times, weasels were far more commonly kept as pets[273] and weasels, not cats, were seen as the ideal rodent-killers.[273] The usual ancient Greek word for "cat" was ailouros, meaning "thing with the waving tail",[272]:57[273] but this word could also be applied to any of the "various long-tailed carnivores kept for catching mice".[273] Cats are rarely mentioned in ancient Greek literature,[273] but Aristotle does remark in his History of Animals that "female cats are naturally lecherous."[272]:74[273] The Greeks later syncretized their own goddess Artemis with the Egyptian goddess Bastet, adopting Bastet's associations with cats and ascribing them to Artemis.[272]:77–79 In Ovid's Metamorphoses, when the gods flee to Egypt and take animal forms, the goddess Diana (the Roman equivalent of Artemis) turns into a cat.[272]:79 Cats eventually displaced ferrets as the pest control of choice because they were more pleasant to have around the house and were more enthusiastic hunters of mice.[274] During the Middle Ages, many of Artemis's associations with cats were grafted onto the Virgin Mary.[274] Cats are often shown in icons of Annunciation and of the Holy Family[274] and, according to Italian folklore, on the same night that Mary gave birth to Jesus, a virgin cat in Bethlehem gave birth to a kitten.[274] Domestic cats were spread throughout much of the rest of the world during the Age of Discovery, as ships' cats were carried on sailing ships to control shipboard rodents and as good-luck charms.[270]:223
Several ancient religions believed cats are exalted souls, companions or guides for humans, that are all-knowing but mute so they cannot influence decisions made by humans. In Japan, the maneki neko cat is a symbol of good fortune.[275] In Norse mythology, Freyja, the goddess of love, beauty, and fertility, is depicted as riding a chariot drawn by cats.[276] In Jewish legend, the first cat was living in the house of the first man Adam as a pet that got rid of mice.[277] The cat was once partnering with the first dog before the latter broke an oath they had made which resulted in enmity between the descendants of these two animals.[277] It is also written that neither cats nor foxes are represented in the water, while every other animal has an incarnation species in the water.[277] Although no species are sacred in Islam, cats are revered by Muslims. Some Western writers have stated Muhammad had a favorite cat, Muezza.[278] He is reported to have loved cats so much, "he would do without his cloak rather than disturb one that was sleeping on it".[279] The story has no origin in early Muslim writers, and seems to confuse a story of a later Sufi saint, Ahmed ar-Rifa'i, centuries after Muhammad.[280] One of the companions of Muhammad was known as "Abu Hurayrah" (Father of the Kitten), in reference to his documented affection to cats.[281]
Superstitions and cat burning
Some cultures are superstitious about black cats, ascribing either good or bad luck to them. Many cultures have negative superstitions about cats. An example would be the belief that a black cat "crossing one's path" leads to bad luck, or that cats are witches' familiars used to augment a witch's powers and skills. The killing of cats in Medieval Ypres, Belgium, is commemorated in the innocuous present-day Kattenstoet (cat parade).[282] In medieval France, cats would be burnt alive as a form of entertainment. According to Norman Davies, the assembled people "shrieked with laughter as the animals, howling with pain, were singed, roasted, and finally carbonized".[283]
"It was the custom to burn a basket, barrel, or sack full of live cats, which was hung from a tall mast in the midst of the bonfire; sometimes a fox was burned. The people collected the embers and ashes of the fire and took them home, believing that they brought good luck. The French kings often witnessed these spectacles and even lit the bonfire with their own hands. In 1648 Louis XIV, crowned with a wreath of roses and carrying a bunch of roses in his hand, kindled the fire, danced at it and partook of the banquet afterwards in the town hall. But this was the last occasion when a monarch presided at the midsummer bonfire in Paris. At Metz midsummer fires were lighted with great pomp on the esplanade, and a dozen cats, enclosed in wicker cages, were burned alive in them, to the amusement of the people. Similarly at Gap, in the department of the Hautes-Alpes, cats used to be roasted over the midsummer bonfire."[284]
According to a myth in many cultures, cats have multiple lives. In many countries, they are believed to have nine lives, but in Italy, Germany, Greece, Brazil and some Spanish-speaking regions, they are said to have seven lives,[285][286] while in Turkish and Arabic traditions, the number of lives is six.[287] The myth is attributed to the natural suppleness and swiftness cats exhibit to escape life-threatening situations. Also lending credence to this myth is the fact that falling cats often land on their feet, using an instinctive righting reflex to twist their bodies around. Nonetheless, cats can still be injured or killed by a high fall.[288]
See also
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2017.08.06 17:43 feedreddit TRUMP in Bedminster: W.H. won’t disclose his activities -- BARACK AND MICHELLE at Rasika -- Chris Christie in Canton for Jerry Jones -- PENCE calls NYT 2020 piece 'false' -- ROB SALITERMAN’s WEDDING

TRUMP in Bedminster: W.H. won’t disclose his activities -- BARACK AND MICHELLE at Rasika -- Chris Christie in Canton for Jerry Jones -- PENCE calls NYT 2020 piece 'false' -- ROB SALITERMAN’s WEDDING
by [email protected] (Daniel Lippman) via POLITICO - TOP Stories
Good Sunday morning. THE NEXT FEW WEEKS -- @mkraju: “On Trump’s first full day of vacation, WH does not disclose any of his activities, per pool report”. THE PRESIDENT also tweeted at 6:36 p.m.: “Working in Bedminster, N.J., as long planned construction is being done at the White House. This is not a vacation - meetings and calls!” But according to pictures posted on Instagram, he did play golf Saturday.
SOMEONE WATCHED SESSIONS’ PRESS CONFERENCE! -- @realDonaldTrump at 6:58 p.m.: “After many years of LEAKS going on in Washington, it is great to see the A.G. taking action! For National Security, the tougher the better!”
SPOTTED: GOV. CHRIS and MARY PAT CHRISTIE yesterday at the Pro Football Hall of Fame in Canton, Ohio, watching Cowboys owner Jerry Jones get enshrined. Pic via the @DallasCowboys Twitter account … KELLYANNE CONWAY last night at the Tropicana Hotel in Atlantic City. She was hanging with friends in the Boogie Nights nightclub after a long dinner at the Palm. … FORMER PRESIDENT BARACK OBAMA and his wife Michelle celebrated his birthday Friday night at Rasika West End. The pair dined in the private dining room and stayed for a couple of hours. This is the second time the president has celebrated his birthday at the restaurant.
L.A. TIMES: “President Trump is tasked with governing, but he keeps harping on these 7 things,” by Kurtis Lee
ARTICLE OF THE DAY – NYT A1, “Republican Shadow Campaign for 2020 Takes Shape as Trump Doubts Grow,” by Jonathan Martin and Alex Burns (print headline: “President Aside, G.O.P. Stars Move Toward 2020 Bids”): “Senators Tom Cotton and Ben Sasse have already been to Iowa this year, Gov. John Kasich is eyeing a return visit to New Hampshire, and Mike Pence’s schedule is so full of political events that Republicans joke that he is acting more like a second-term vice president hoping to clear the field than a No. 2 sworn in a little over six months ago. President Trump’s first term is ostensibly just warming up, but luminaries in his own party have begun what amounts to a shadow campaign for 2020 — as if the current occupant of 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue weren’t involved. The would-be candidates are cultivating some of the party’s most prominent donors, courting conservative interest groups and carefully enhancing their profiles. Mr. Trump has given no indication that he will decline to seek a second term.
“But the sheer disarray surrounding this presidency -- the intensifying investigation by the special counsel Robert S. Mueller III and the plain uncertainty about what Mr. Trump will do in the next week, let alone in the next election -- have prompted Republican officeholders to take political steps unheard-of so soon into a new administration. ... But in interviews with more than 75 Republicans at every level of the party, elected officials, donors and strategists expressed widespread uncertainty about whether Mr. Trump would be on the ballot in 2020 and little doubt that others in the party are engaged in barely veiled contingency planning. ... Mr. Pence has made no overt efforts to separate himself from the beleaguered president. He has kept up his relentless public praise and even in private is careful to bow to the president. Mr. Pence’s aides, however, have been less restrained in private, according to two people briefed on the conversations.
“In a June meeting with Al Hubbard, an Indiana Republican who was a top economic official in Mr. Bush’s White House, an aide to the vice president, Marty Obst, said that they wanted to be prepared to run in case there was an opening in 2020 and that Mr. Pence would need Mr. Hubbard’s help, according to a Republican briefed on the meeting. Reached on the phone, Mr. Hubbard declined to comment. Mr. Ayers has signaled to multiple major Republican donors that Mr. Pence wants to be ready. Mr. Obst denied that he and Mr. Ayers had made any private insinuations and called suggestions that the vice president was positioning himself for 2020 ‘beyond ridiculous.’ ...
“Nikki Haley, the ambassador to the United Nations and a former governor of South Carolina, put her longtime pollster on the payroll, has gotten better acquainted with some of New York’s financiers and carved out a far more muscular foreign policy niche than Mr. Trump. ‘She sounds more like me than Trump,’ said Senator Lindsey Graham, a hawkish Republican from South Carolina.”
VP MIKE PENCE RESPONDS -- "Today's article in the New York Times is disgraceful and offensive to me, my family, and our entire team. The allegations in this article are categorically false and represent just the latest attempt by the media to divide this Administration. Thanks to the President's leadership, we are rebuilding the military, ISIS is on the run, and we've seen more than 1 million jobs created while the stock market hits all-time highs.
"The American people know that I could not be more honored to be working side by side with a president who is making America great again. Whatever fake news may come our way, my entire team will continue to focus all our efforts to advance the President's agenda and see him re-elected in 2020. Any suggestion otherwise is both laughable and absurd."
KELLYANNE CONWAY talking with GEORGE STEPHANOPOULOS on ABC’s “This Week” about whether Pence is setting up a shadow campaign: “That is complete fiction. That is complete fabrication. And I know that his advisers who had comments attributed to them have pushed back strongly, as has the vice president. And as am I right now unequivocally. Vice President Pence is a very loyal, very dutiful, but also incredibly effective vice president, and active vice president, with this president. He is a peer to the president in the West Wing. ...
“But let me make very clear, people meet -- Republican consultants, as always, people trying to play the parlor game, they’re not on the – they’re in the I would say Trump inside -- inner circle because they did not believe in him. They totally missed what was happening in America. … I would tell my Republican brethren: get onboard. Help us with tax reform and health reform and stop looking at 2020.”
-- ALSO IN JMART and ALEX’s story: “In the wider world of conservative Trump opponents, William Kristol, editor at large of The Weekly Standard, said he had begun informal conversations about creating a ‘Committee Not to Renominate the President.’” Kristol told us this morning that the proposed name is a dig at Trump being like Nixon in his opinion. He also said he hasn’t set up the group yet but so far only talked about doing so with “people you'd expect in GOP anti-Trump circles.”
-- FROM KRISTOL’s weekly newsletter, “Kristol Clear” last Monday: “Mike Murphy and I had lunch Friday at a suitably obscure Chinese restaurant in an L.A. strip mall, Hu’s Szechwan Restaurant, where we ended up in a long session plotting the salvation of the GOP and conservatism from Donald Trump. We’ll see whether anything comes of it.”
ON THE WORLD STAGE -- “North Korea Shrugs Off Sanctions Despite China’s Push to End Missile Tests,” by WSJ’s Ben Otto in Manila: “The U.S. praised China for backing new economic sanctions by the U.N. Security Council against Pyongyang over the regime’s weapons program, but North Korea indicated to its most important economic partner that there would be no change in policy. ‘The fact that the Chinese were helpful and instrumental in setting up this really sweeping set of international sanctions shows they realize that this is a huge problem they need to take on, that it’s a threat to them and their region,’ Susan Thornton, the U.S. State Department’s acting assistant secretary for East Asian and Pacific affairs, told journalists on the sidelines of regional security meetings in the Philippines on Sunday. U.S. Secretary of State Rex Tillerson, who is attending the forum bringing together 27 nations, including China, Russia, South Korea and North Korea, described the sanctions as ‘a good outcome’ as he works to curb Pyongyang’s nuclear-weapons program.
“The Security Council on Saturday unanimously passed a resolution that would slash about $1 billion from North Korea’s annual foreign revenue. Ms. Thornton called the sanctions the strongest against the regime in a generation. China and Russia, two permanent council members who had previously resisted fresh sanctions against Pyongyang, said the rogue nation’s recent provocations were unacceptable.”
REVIVING HEALTH CARE? -- “McConnell to consider bipartisan plan to pay health insurers,” by AP’s Adam Beam at Fancy Farm, Ky.: “A week after an attempt to repeal the Affordable Care Act failed, Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell says he’d consider a bipartisan effort to continue payments to insurers to avert a costly rattling of health insurance markets. McConnell told reporters Saturday there is ‘still a chance’ the Senate could revive the measure to repeal and replace ‘Obamacare,’ but he acknowledged the window for that is rapidly closing. The Kentucky senator noted Republican Sen. Lamar Alexander of Tennessee is working on ‘some kind of bipartisan approach’ that would involve subsidies for insurance companies.
“Alexander recently said he will work with the committee’s top Democrat, Sen. Patty Murray of Washington state, on a bill next month that would pay insurers through 2018. In exchange, Alexander wants Democrats to agree to make it easier for states to choose their own health coverage standards that insurers must provide rather than abiding by former President Barack Obama’s law. ‘If the Democrats are willing to support some real reforms rather than just an insurance company bailout, I would be willing to take a look at it,’ McConnell said, hours before he was expected to speak at the famously raucous Fancy Farm picnic in western Kentucky.”
THE RESISTANCE -- “Obama’s army takes on Trump,” by Isaac Dovere in Chicago: “Walk into Organizing for Action’s new hipster downtown hardwood space here, and there’s no big picture of Barack Obama, just a deep blue wall with a giant ‘OFA’ painted in white. Look down the street from the front door, though, and Chicago’s Trump skyscraper looms directly in the line of sight, a perpetual reminder of the group’s new purpose.
“Fresh off a huge win for anti-Trump forces in the Obamacare repeal fight, the Democratic activist group is gearing up for its next showdown this fall—battling President Donald Trump’s proposed budget cuts with the same state- and district-focused strategy it employed on health care. The organization inspired by Obama hasn’t heard from him in months, though a person close to the former president said he’s likely to lend his support later this year to OFA as well as the [DNC] and the National Democratic Redistricting Committee. That could include fundraising and other help, but not a direct leadership role.
“In the meantime, OFA isn’t sitting still. It's already looking at plans to go into 2018 with a massive voter registration drive that could become its main project ahead of the midterms. First, though, OFA will spend Congress’ August recess sending organizers to town halls and district offices. It has a calendar of ‘accountability’ (read: protest) and ‘appreciation’ (read: drop-ins like the one to deliver cupcakes to Sen. Joe Manchin’s West Virginia office last week) events, based on senators’ votes on repealing Obamacare. They’re showing up to cheer for John McCain, Susan Collins and Lisa Murkowski, and yell at people like Jeff Flake and Dean Heller.”
-- DAN BALZ: “The future of the Democratic Party could be written in upcoming gubernatorial races”:
STEPHEN MILLER’S NEW GIG? -- “Trump eyes top policy aide for communications director role: official,” by Reuters’ Stephen Holland: “The White House may appoint a senior policy adviser with hardline views on immigration, who recently sparred with reporters in a televised briefing, as its new communications director, a senior administration official said on Saturday. Stephen Miller, a top aide and speechwriter for President Donald Trump, is a candidate to lead the White House’s communications team after a series of personnel changes in the more than six months that Trump has been president.”
THE TWEETER IN CHIEF -- “New Chief of Staff Reins in White House Aides-and Trump’s Tweets,” by Bloomberg’s Jen Jacobs and Margaret Talev: “Perhaps even more important, Kelly is testing his authority to tame Trump’s sometimes reckless tweeting habits. While Kelly isn’t vetting every presidential tweet, Trump has shown a willingness to consult with his chief of staff before hitting ‘send’ on certain missives that might cause an international uproar or lead to unwelcome distractions, according to three people familiar with the interactions. Kelly has been ‘offering a different way to say the same thing,’ the person said.”
SUNDAY BEST -- CHRIS WALLACE interviews DEPUTY ATTORNEY GENERAL ROD ROSENSTEIN on “Fox News Sunday,” by Zach Warmbrodt: “Rosenstein said Sunday that President Donald Trump has not directed the Justice Department to investigate ‘particular people,’ after Trump said at a rally Thursday that prosecutors should look at Hillary Clinton's ‘33,000 deleted emails.’ Asked on ‘Fox News Sunday’ if he viewed Trump’s comment as an order, Rosenstein said, ‘If the president wants to give orders to us ... he does that privately and then if we have any feedback we provide it to him.’ ‘The president has not directed us to investigate particular people,’ he said. ‘That wouldn’t be right. That’s not the way we operate.’ …
“Responding to a question about special counsel Robert Mueller expanding the investigation to Trump’s finances, Rosenstein said the Justice Department doesn’t engage in ‘fishing expeditions.’ (Mueller is answering to Rosenstein since Attorney General Jeff Sessions has recused himself from the Russia investigation.) If Mueller finds something outside the scope of the investigation as outlined in an agreement with Rosenstein, ‘he needs to come to the acting attorney general, at this time me, for permission to expand his investigation.’ ‘But we don’t talk about that publicly,’ he said.”
-- SEN. JEFF FLAKE (R-ARIZ.) talks with NBC’S CHUCK TODD on “Meet the Press”: TODD: And I am just curious did you think about leaving the party? FLAKE: “No. No. Not at all. I'm a proud Republican. Lifelong Republican. And I'm from Arizona. Arizona tends to elect independent minded people and people who stand on principles. So I'm doing what I think my voters expect of me. But I think, for example, in 2006 when the party in particular had given way to inappropriate spending, earmarked spending, a couple of our colleagues ended up in jail, if you remember, the mantra, ‘Drain the swamp,’ was employed very effectively by the Democrats in describing the Republican Party at that time. And I think had we stood up at that time then we wouldn't have lost those majorities in the House and the Senate. And I fear that we might do the same again.”
-- CHRIS CHRISTIE talks with CNN’S JAKE TAPPER on “State of the Union”: TAPPER: “You’re a former U.S. attorney. You know Bob Mueller and James Comey, for that matter. Doesn’t it trouble you to hear the president denigrate their integrity and the work that they’re doing?” CHRISTIE: “Listen, I don’t think he was talking about Bob Mueller and Jim Comey there. I think he was talking about the coverage that he thinks has been unfair. But let’s make clear, Jake, this is a normal step taken by a careful prosecutor who is doing a thorough investigation. And I think that’s exactly what Bob Mueller is doing. You can’t issue subpoenas without a grand jury. It’s the grand jury that actually issues the subpoenas.
“And so I think Bob Mueller wanted a grand jury that was focused on this, so he could issue subpoenas and then review the evidence. That’s a typical thing to be done in any investigation. I did literally thousands of these as U.S. attorney in seven years in New Jersey. And so I thought that the coverage about how monumental this was is just a fundamental misunderstanding of the way this process works. This is what a careful prosecutor does to do a thorough review of the case. I assume that what Mr. Mueller is doing, based on my experience with him. And let him do his work.”
-- ON TRUMP’S NEW JERSEY VACATION -- CHRISTIE: “The president is welcome at the gubernatorial beach house any time he wants. We would welcome him with open arms for him to come and take some time at the Jersey Shore. … Now, I would be happy to welcome him. But we’re just happy that the president has decided, of all the places he could go for some relaxation, at least a little bit, during August, that he’s coming to the state of New Jersey. And we recommend that to lots of other people who are watching. Four weeks to go in the summer, come to the Jersey Shore. We’re ready to take you.”
FRESH HOT MUELLER TAKES -- MAUREEN DOWD in the NYT, “Bobby Sticks It to Trump”: “We are in for an epic clash between two septuagenarians who both came from wealthy New York families and attended Ivy League schools but couldn’t be more different — the flamboyant flimflam man and the buttoned-down, buttoned-up boy scout. (And we know the president has no idea how to talk to scouts appropriately.) One has been called America’s straightest arrow. One disdains self-promotion and avoids the press. One married his sweetheart from school days. One was a decorated Marine in Vietnam. One counts patience, humility and honesty as the virtues he lives by and likes to say ‘You’re only as good as your word.’
“And one’s president. Trump biographer Michael D’Antonio says the president has been lying reflexively since he was a kid bragging about home runs he didn’t hit. He gets warped satisfaction from making up stuff, like those calls from the head of the Boy Scouts and the president of Mexico that the White House just admitted never happened.”
– JACK SHAFER, “Gone Fishing for Donald Trump: Robert Mueller’s grand jury has a big hole to fill”: “The Constitution plus decades of judicial precedent have endowed grand juries with legal superpowers. ... Think of a grand jury as an insatiable maw and you begin to understand Mueller’s task and Trump’s terror. Mountains of phone records, business records, emails, and all manner of paperwork are likely to be subpoenaed by Mueller. ... Like Bill Clinton before him, Trump will be compelled to give testimony. He might want to start working on that honesty thing so the special counsel doesn’t nail him on that perjury thing, like independent counsel Kenneth W. Starr did Clinton.”
TRUMP’S WASHINGTON -- “How Trump’s FCC aided Sinclair's expansion,” by Margaret Harding McGill and John Hendel: “Sinclair Broadcast Group is expanding its conservative-leaning television empire into nearly three-quarters of American households — but its aggressive takeover of the airwaves wouldn’t have been possible without help from President Donald Trump's chief at the Federal Communications Commission. Sinclair, already the nation’s largest TV broadcaster, plans to buy 42 stations from Tribune Media in cities like New York, Chicago and Los Angeles, on top of the more than 170 stations it already owns.
“It got a critical assist this spring from Republican FCC Chairman Ajit Pai, who revived a decades-old regulatory loophole that will keep Sinclair from vastly exceeding federal limits on media ownership. The change will allow Sinclair — a company known for injecting ‘must run’ conservative segments into its local programming — to reach 72 percent of U.S. households after buying Tribune’s stations. That’s nearly double the congressionally imposed nationwide audience cap of 39 percent.
“The FCC and the company both say the agency wasn’t giving Sinclair any special favors by reviving the loophole, known as the ‘UHF discount,’ which has long been considered technologically obsolete. But the Tribune deal would not have been viable if not for Pai’s intervention: Sinclair already reaches an estimated 38 percent of U.S. households without the discount, leaving it almost no room for growth.”
ATTN PULITZER COMMITTEE -- WEST COAST WATCH -- “Rich and powerful figures will set USC course in wake of scandal, from behind closed doors,” by L.A. Times’ Sonali Kohli, Sarah Parvini, Matt Hamilton and Adam Elmahrek:
MEDIAWATCH -- “New Sexual Harassment Allegations Leveled Against Fox News’ Eric Bolling,” by Yashar Ali in HuffPost: “Three hours after Fox News announced it had suspended host Eric Bolling following allegations that he had sexually harassed female colleagues, a former Fox News guest leveled new accusations against him. Caroline Heldman, who appeared on the network frequently between 2008 and 2011, said Saturday that Bolling was one of three Fox News/Fox Business employees to subject her to sexual harassment. Fox News announced Bolling’s suspension less than 24 hours after an exclusive HuffPost report revealed that the host had sent lewd text messages to female colleagues.”
--YASHAR ALI further notes on Twitter that “an investigation will be conducted by law firm Paul, Weiss.”
--“Top journalist sues Time magazine for ‘sex and age discrimination,’” by The Guardian’s Emma Graham-Harrison: “The co-founder of the Women’s Equality party, Catherine Mayer, is suing her former employer, Time magazine, for gender and age discrimination, making the weekly ... the latest major media company to be embroiled in accusations of institutional sexism. The case ... pits one of Britain’s most prominent journalists, who wrote a controversial biography of Prince Charles and was shortlisted for the Orwell prize, against one of America’s most famous magazines, nearly a century old and with millions of readers. ...
“Mayer’s suit ... covers the final three years of her employment at the title, and her dismissal in 2015. The problems began soon after she was appointed Europe regional editor, after eight years of outstanding performance and appraisals, court documents allege. The suit alleges that Time’s foreign editor appointed Matt McAllester, a younger male colleague, as her deputy, without an open selection process and in violation of promises that she could choose her team. Mayer says McAllester began a campaign to undermine and supplant her, even though she repeatedly raised complaints. Ultimately, Mayer claims, the company took away her responsibilities as Europe editor the year after she took on the position, then forced her to relinquish the title, which the company gave to McAllester. In April 2015 she was fired.”
BONUS GREAT WEEKEND READS, curated by Daniel Lippman:
--“Bill Browder’s Testimony to the Senate Judiciary Committee” – The Atlantic:
“‘After Khodorkovsky’s conviction, the other oligarchs went to Putin and asked him what they needed to do to avoid sitting in the same cage as Khodorkovsky. Putin’s answer was, ‘Fifty percent’. Not for the Russian government, but for Vladimir Putin personally. From that moment on, Putin became the biggest oligarch in Russia and the richest man in the world.’”
--“Inside Iran’s Mission To Dominate The Middle East,” by BuzzFeed’s Borzou Daragahi: “Iran has enlisted tens of thousands of young Shiite men into an armed network that is challenging the U.S. across the Middle East. The Trump administration is not prepared.”
--“Is Hungary the EU’s first rogue state? Viktor Orban and the long march from freedom,” by Martin Fletcher in the New Statesman: “As a student activist, Orban helped free Hungary from communism. As its prime minister, he practises ‘illiberal democracy’ and praises Trump and Putin.”
--“What Would It Take for an American Guy to Become Danish?” by Andrew Richdale in Saveur: “Saveur’s resident Scandiphile eats and drinks his way through Copenhagen in search of cultural transformation.” (h/t
-- “Why Do Republicans Want to Kill Horses? An unpalatable and indefensible initiative that cannot end well,” by David Horowitz in Front Page Magazine: “It’s a massive power grab by the beef lobby, which would prefer to cull wild horses and burros so public lands can be devoted to livestock-grazing. No one else will rejoice in the heartland at the prospect of being able to chow down on a horse steak or a horse-burger.”
--“The Greatest Person then Living,” by Andrew Bacevich in the London Review of Books, reviewing “The General v. the President: MacArthur and Truman at the Brink of Nuclear War,” by H.W. Brands: “[T]hough nominally subordinate, MacArthur had become Truman’s near equal and aspired to succeed him. The two had never met. Having spent the previous several years presiding over the rehabilitation of occupied Japan, the five-star general was accustomed to exercising quasi-sovereign authority. ‘In moments of reflection,’ Brands writes, ‘he asked himself if any other great country had ever owed more to one man. He could not think of an instance.’ He conducted himself accordingly.” … $15.59 on Amazon
--“One night on the Costa del Sol: a true crime story of rape, murder and wrongful conviction,” by Matthew Bremner in the New Statesman: “‘All I could think of was: why? Why was I here? How had this happened to me, to an innocent person?”
--“You Are the Product,” by John Lanchester in the London Review of Books: “I’ve spent time thinking about Facebook, and the thing I keep coming back to is that its users don’t realise what it is the company does. What Facebook does is watch you, and then use what it knows about you and your behaviour to sell ads. I’m not sure there has ever been a more complete disconnect between what a company says it does – ‘connect’, ‘build communities’ – and the commercial reality.” (h/t
--“‘I Write on Human Skin’: Catherine the Great and the Rule of Law,” by Robert Zaretsky in the LA Review of Books: “Today marks the 250th anniversary of the Legislative Commission convened by the Empress Catherine the Great. (‘Great,’ incidentally, is a title she humbly refused when it was offered by the Commission — though her humility takes a hit upon learning that she had also instructed the Commission to offer the title.)”
--“Is the world really better than ever?” by Oliver Burkeman in The Guardian: “The headlines have never been worse. But an increasingly influential group of thinkers insists that humankind has never had it so good – and only our pessimism is holding us back.” (h/t
--“The ghostly radio station that no one claims to run: ‘MDZhB’ has been broadcasting since 1982. No one knows why,” by Zaria Gorvett in the BBC: “‘Twenty-four hours a day, seven days a week, for the last three-and-a-half decades, it’s been broadcasting a dull, mono­tonous tone. Every few seconds it’s joined by a second sound, like some ghostly ship sounding its foghorn. Then the drone continues.”
--“Venezuela’s Unprecedented Collapse,” by Ricardo Hausmann in Project Syndicate: “Venezuela’s economic catastrophe dwarfs any in the history of the U.S., Western Europe, or the rest of Latin America.”
--“Picasso and Tragedy,” by T.J. Clark in the London Review of Books: “What marks Guernica off from most other murals of its giant size is the fact that it registers so power­fully as a single scene. It is patched together out of fragments, episodes, spotlit silhouettes. Part of its agony is disconnectedness – the isolation that terror is meant to enforce. But this disconnectedness is drawn together into a unity: Guernica does not unwind like a scroll; it is a picture – a distinct shape of space – whose coherence is felt immediately by the viewer for all its strangeness.” (h/t
--“The ‘Rock Star’ Activist Leading the Resistance,” by Daniel Malloy in Ozy: ACLU political director Faiz Shakir “could lift the Democrats from their lowest point since 1921.” With cameos from Adam Jentleson and Matt Canter
--“Trump, America’s Boy King: Golf and Television Won’t Make America Great Again,” by Newsweek’s Alexander Nazaryan: “Trump’s friends say golf is important to his well-being, just as cycling and rock climbing are de rigueur for the younger titans of Silicon Valley. ‘He is always working,’ longtime confidant Roger J. Stone Jr. tells me, ‘even while socializing, playing golf or traveling. He is constantly asking questions, taking notes and placing phone calls. A better question would be, Does he ever really relax?’”
--“Will Texas’ Immigration Crackdown Spark the Latino Uprising Democrats Have Been Waiting For?” by Mother Jones’ Tim Murphy:
SPOTTED -- Stephen Miller last night holding court in the Trump Hotel lobby with Nigel Farage. Nigel posed for pictures with fans, including kicking his foot up in the air ... Jason Miller on a flight from Dulles to Miami … Rod Rosenstein, surrounded by security, walking out of 400 North Capitol Street this morning into two waiting black Chevy Suburbans after his hit on “Fox News Sunday”
WEEKEND WEDDINGS – “Lara Crystal, Robert Saliterman” – N.Y. Times: “Ms. Crystal, 35, is a founder and a chief executive of Minibar Delivery, an online marketplace for wine, beer and spirits, with offices in New York. She graduated cum laude from Cornell and received an M.B.A. from the University of Pennsylvania. ... Mr. Saliterman, also 35, is a global advertising agency partner in New York for Snapchat, the image messaging app. He graduated from Columbia and received an M.B.A. from Harvard. ... The couple met through the League, a dating app, in July 2015.” With pic
--FUN COLOR from an attendee: “When Rob entered the wedding ballroom, the ensemble played a section of Bruce Springsteen’s ‘Jungleland.’ And the parents were hoisted up in chairs after the bride and groom took part in that Jewish wedding ritual.” Wedding pics ... … The cake by Momofuku
SPOTTED at the Pierre Hotel last night dancing the night away until the early morning: Mike Allen, Scott and Tory Sendek, Brian Danza, Anton Vuljaj, Jay and Anat Zeidman, Blain and Caton Rethmeier, Tim and Kiki Burger, Matt Lira, Bubba Atkinson and Sam Smith, Gerrit and Christyn Lansing, Lauren Fritts, Caitlin Conant, Adam Levine, Israel Hernandez, Zeke Miller, Peter and Adrianne Watkins, Kevin Sheridan and Erika Gutierrez, Alex Skatell, Brendan Buck and Rebecca Berg, Peter Hamby, Dick Keil and Hillary DeParde, Kimball and Wendy Thomas, Sam Dealey, Tom Williams, Tom and Corinne Hare.
--“Anja Crowder, Peter Morice”: “Mrs. Morice, 27, is the talent booker for political and current events guests for ‘The Late Show With Stephen Colbert.’ Until recently she was a producer at ABC News in New York for ‘This Week With George Stephanopoulos.’ She graduated cum laude from Macalester College. ... Mr. Morice, also 27, is the chief operating officer in New York at the TEG Energy Group, which specializes in automation and control systems for industrial power generation in New York. He graduated summa cum laude from Columbia. ... The couple met in seventh grade at St. Paul Academy and Summit School and began dating in high school.” With pic
--“Ariel Herm, Adam Koshkin”: “In September, Ms. Herm, 29, will begin working as a consultant in health education at the Permanente Medical Group in Oakland, Calif. She graduated from Haverford, and received a master’s degree in public health from the University of Michigan. ... Also in September, Mr. Koshkin, 28, will begin a clerkship for United States District Court Judge Judith E. Levy of the Eastern District of Michigan, with chambers in Ann Arbor. He graduated from Swarthmore and received a law degree from the University of California, Berkeley. He worked as a research assistant for Representative Elijah E. Cummings, Democrat of Maryland, as a member of the staff of the House Oversight and Government Reform Committee. ... The couple met in Washington in 2011.” With pic
--Luca Gattoni-Celli, who reports on tax reform and the IRS for Tax Analysts, and Laura Joy Yackley, a middle and high school orchestra teacher in Prince George’s County, were married Saturday at Saint Elizabeth Ann Seton Catholic Church in Woodbridge, Virginia. “They met in January 2016 through Coffee Meets Bagel. Their first date was dim sum in the POLITICO mothership building in Rosslyn.” Pics ... ...
SPOTTED: matron of honor Lina Delmastro Irvine, best man John Allen Gay, John Parks Alexander, Andrew Follett, Kate Peterson, and Ginger Gibson and Travis Burk.
-- Abbey Reller, legislative aide for Sen. John Barrasso (R-Wyo.), married Reed Linsk, legislative director for Rep. Duncan Hunter (R-Calif.), Saturday in her hometown of Indianapolis. They met four years ago in the basement of Hamilton’s. Pic
ENGAGED -- David Mansouri, president of SCORE, the education reform nonprofit started by Bill Frist and an alum of Fred Thompson’s presidential campaign and the Tennessee Republican Party, got engaged on Saturday to Sarah Greenberg, who works on health policy reform for TennCare, Tennessee’s Medicaid system. Mansouri, fresh off a flight from Berlin where he was attending a Young Leaders conference held by the American Council on Germany, proposed at Arrington Vineyards right outside of Nashville where they had one of their first dates. A mutual friend set up the couple on a blind date three years ago. Pic
OBAMA ALUMNI -- “Christiana Stephenson, Matthew Aks”: “The couple met at Brown, from which they graduated, he magna cum laude. Ms. Stephenson, 27, is the communications director for the Massachusetts Union for Human Service Workers and Educators, SEIU Local 509, in Marlborough, Mass. ... Mr. Aks, 28, is studying for an M.B.A. degree at Harvard.” He was previously director for international economics at the NSC and is an Obama CEA alum. With pic
BIRTHWEEK (was yesterday): Melissa Canu, senior comms associate at the Center for Health and Gender Equity (hat tip: Emily David)
BIRTHDAYS: Malika Saada Saar, Google’s senior counsel on civil and human rights (h/t Autumn, filing from Maine) ... Neil Irwin, senior economic correspondent at NYT’s The Upshot ... David Maraniss is 68 ... Jared Wise … J.T. Rethmeier is 13. He celebrated on Friday on the set of the Today Show in NYC (h/t Dad, Blain) ... Tom Brandt, comms director for Sen. Moran, is 31 ... Erin Karriker ... Corey Jacobson, senior policy adviser for Rep. Ted Lieu (D-Calif.) ... Ally Freeman ... Jill Farrell, director of public affairs at Judicial Watch ... Jonathan Riskind ... Anna Sekulow (hubby tip: Jordan) ... “NewsHour” senior broadcast producer Mike Melia is 36 (h/t Nick Massella, filing from Grand Cayman) ... Michael McMahan ... Politico’s Dan Diamond, Sergio Bustos and Hannah Thomas ... Michael Glennon, senior associate at Marakon, is 31 ... Lyndsey Wajert, J.D. candidate at BU School of Law ... Pat Reap ... Scott Ogden ... Ashley Carter, at-large member of the DC State Board of Education and director of coalitions for the Independent Women’s Forum ... Lindsay Bembenek, senior manager of media and external comms for the Chamber (h/t Blair Latoff Holmes) ...
... Cherie Paquette, associate producer for Fox News’ “America’s Newsroom” (h/t fiancé Zach Gillan) ... Terry McDermott, solo artist and lead singer of Lotus Crush, runner up on Season 3 of “The Voice” who just played the Kennedy Center on July 4 (h/t Amanda Hunter) ... Jenny Mayfield, director of media relations and public affairs at Nextdoor … Nitzan Pelman, CEO of ReUp Education ... Jeff Person is 27 ... Nicole Cohen ... USA Today alum Rem Rieder ... Liz Teitz ... Ambassador Bruce Laingen is 95 ... Adjoa Adofo, comms director for Better Medicare Alliance ... Tara Sonenshine, former Obama under secretary of state for public diplomacy and public affairs now a distinguished fellow at GWU (h/t Jon Haber) ... Ben Wieder, data reporter for McClatchy DC (h/ts Kristin Roberts and Dave Levinthal) ... Marta Dehmlow Hernandez ... Keith St. Clair ... Jeffrey Lerner of DKC Public Relations … Andrew J. Eisenberger ... Sarah Coyle ... Marta Dehmlow ... Teresa Almanza ... Viktoria Seale ... Rick Olseen .. Melissa Beaumont ... Klon Kitchen ... Robert Wilkie … Allyson Browning … Doug Mataconis ... Amanda Brown ... Dr. Alan Lipman ... Cameron Lynch ... Michael Gill ... Ellen Dadisman ... David Nolte ... Mike Friedman is 27 ... Amalia Stott ... Mary Elgar, the queen of green bean casseroles ... Mia Terry (h/ts Teresa Vilmain)
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2017.04.07 03:56 911bodysnatchers322 PART 25: Cliff Notes, "Awan Brotherhood / Hillary's Hackers"

George Webb
The following are best-effort transcriptions of the George Webb Video Series. The series is a daily, ongoing open source investigation of HRC with researchers in #HRCRatline on twitter and facebook and trello.
Previous Notes
  • [Day 163 - Hillary's Hackers, Awan Brothers Saga Deepens, Part 1 - YouTube]
    • Steve Pieczenik tweeted these Cliff Notes-- "Dyncorp Havest"
    • "Someone has done Cliff Notes on my Series which are really good. If you haven't seen them on reddit it's a really nice resource. And you can see there are 12 parts to this so it's been a long series of updates". George Webb endorses as a good resource :) :) :)
    • Steve Pieczenik was the Deputy Secretary of State under Henry Kissinger, so I'm under no dreams that he's a big fan of mine or anything like that.
    • He is kind of a propaganda-master. I'm not saying he wrote Clockwork Orange, but people like him wrote Clockwork Orange where you wanted to create a sense of unease in a large population as well as get an investment from the population into the police, military type organisations.
    • {{ dread-based security state buildup; psychological strategy-of-tension; gaslighting }}
    • It shows a master stroke how without firing a single shot you can get a whole population to double their budget on spending on police
    • At the same time you can convice ewes--not going to colege, Ne'er-do-wells--to get involved in crime: to run ratlines.
    • @RT_com @RTUKNews, decided to take Eva Bartlett off to make it easy
    • Today going to show the similarities between the Awan brothers and Tahir Javed brothers
    • The key linkage is through Al Queda, though a branch called LET
    • That border between Kashmir and Punjab is where LET does all it's fighting, and they want that piece of Kashmir back for Pakistan. So all those bombings in Mumbai and 168 people killed in 2008, and bombings in 2011, all that is done by LET. They go way back 35 yrs.
    • There is this will of the Pakistani people to regain that area of Kashmir that allows this whole drug network to happen. This is the narcoterrorism.
    • This is where you are making moral tradeoffs saying, 'well it's ok if people come in with the food stamps cards, and welfare cards to trade their cards for drugs, because I'm a rich businessman, but I'm sending it back to the homeland to regain that lost piece of property'
    • So that's the rationalization
    • People are getting half of EBT credit converted to cash; say it's a 500 dollar credit, they get 250 dollars back
    • Owners of the convenience stores, there were 11 of them, 20 ppl arrested in all-they would go to Sam's club and buy stuff for their stores. But they would also mark up the beer and wine and other items and almost triple their money.
    • That's why this scheme was so attractive to families that are trying to get their kids through a Gulen School
    • This is Alabama, but I guarantee you that every state that you have Starco import/export with his convenience stores, they are running this scheme.
    • All 12 of these stores and all 20 of these people didn't just come up with this on their own. They were told and given a modus operandi.
    • Riceland Hospice, well no that's not my logo that's his logo
    • Riceland does do behavioral health as their top service listed here {{ screenshot of commercial off their own website }}
    • Retail Pain Clinics are going to be a big part of the Riceland Network as well.
    • Nick Lampson hosting this event where HIllary got 400k "campaign money stop in Beaumont"[][], and there were 6 people in the audience. Biggest contributer to Hillary last year.
    • You might remember Nick Lampson for starting the caucus of missing and exploited children.
    • That causus was primarily responsible for the Amber Alert system. The knock is that it's good at finding ambers but doesn't send out too many alerts. A lot of people think that is the exact system that has been used by people in the network to find and missing and exploited children and exploit them for trafficking, unfortunately.
    • We'll come back to his scandals later
    • Went to the office of Muzzaffar Awan. I talked about the Beaumont doctors. The Beaumont doctor network. Not just talking about Beaumont Hospitals in Canada and Michigan--but the national network of beaumont doctors that referring physicians know to send people to as far as pain clinics. This is the network to make sure your'e feathering the nest of the national interest here, and that is Pakistani pride, regain Kashmir. That's why people do things like run drugs from Pakistan to Turkey. That's how you end up with 43B in Malaysian Banks in Koala Lampur
    • You also have a longer term strategy: addict the population on both legal and illegal drugs, as well as the drugs to get off the drugs, such as Suboxone (Naloxone) and Methadone, creating a whole class of methadone addicts and suboxone addicts and all these druge being provided offshore by PK.
    • Erdrogan believed Gulen caused the coup last year. He's changed this Feta to FETO and he has labeled the Gulen movement in Turkey as a Terrorist ORganization. It's not me saying Feta Gulen is a terrorist, it's the person who worked side-by-side with him for 20 yrs saying it.
    • Graham Fuller "Russian Plan" -- is being used for turning the tables, to turn radical islam against the US {{ in a soft coup}}
    • Javed brothers establishing the largest medicare fraud.
    • Also involving this Dr. Dr. Death
    • Don't have time to connect all those dots today but will in a following video
    • The DO, Doctors of Osteopathy take 1/4 of the time of a regular MD and 1/4 of the cost, not to say they are fake doctors, but you can become a doctor easily or get your PhD online and no one knows the difference
    • I'm going to connect this Javed to the transplant doctors "Organ Trafficking in Kosovo: Yusuf Sonmez found in Netherlands"[]
    • It started in Kosovo and moved around through the insurgency. To Libya to Syria to Central America, to Mexico and then to the US {{ What about Haiti? }}
    • "Nanoset technology spinoffs every 5 yrs to sell off IP from Hacking"
    • Adeel Rice
    • Kashmir / Mexitexas takeback parallel
    • The Ratline is from that little town where this rice mill is down to Karachi for shipment {{ Points to southern border of Kashmir }}
    • New Dawn I believe was the switch here. Instead of going all the way to Karachi, they went to Lahore and flew directly to Chicago Ohare and that considerably cut down on the time on the ratline; it also turns around money faster; there's less hands that touch the rice/mangos therefore you have new profit; stuffing the mangoes like Lucky Luciano did with the oranges. Untouched by human hands, high profit, high cash turnaround.
    • What else does the Awan brothers share with they Javid brothers? They share Murder. Awans had the used car dealer murdered, they were also able to threaten the stepmother and her relatives in PK.
  • [Day 163 - Hillary's Hackers, Awan Brothers Saga Deepens, Part 2 - YouTube]
    • Islington, Toronto. Nice murals. Scenes of Canadian days gone by.
    • But right next to it is Pharmadocs--It's Methadone and Suboxone.
    • The connection to the Awans here is a company out of Las Vegas Nevada that is selling medical physics degrees.
    • The idea being that you could be a tech and you can open one of these Pharmadocs clinics. You can go through these 2 year programs and get into this business of selling suboxone and methadone
    • People come in to drink their daily methadone to get off their opioid fix. This isn't just affecting young people but all people young and old people--coming in to get their methadone fix
    • I will talk about the org from Las Vegas that the Awans are involved in that create this network of PharmaDocs
  • [Day 164 - Hillary's Hackers, Awan Brothers Saga Deepens, Part 1 - YouTube]
    • I think this is going to be a tale of 2 ratlines: Moving from Beaumont/Riceland Ratline to Nanoset/Nanosat Ratline, not just managing the ratline but managing ALL ratlines (sat)
    • An ambitious story about a Drug runner and Intelligence gatherer (Awans) to protect the ratlines wanting more.
    • What make me think this? It's his dad. His Dad invests in this company "Blue Sky Link LLC". His Dad {{ Syed Pier Mohammed Shah }} is living in PK and investing in this company in Texas. Odd that he'd be investing in this company.
    • What do they do? They make iridium transceivers. What do they do? You put them in planes, helicopters or even in rice shipments and you can track them all over the world.
    • It allows the pilot to ground control communication all through the ratline transportation
    • Blue Sky Iridium Phones
    • It's almost a reboot of the Mena Network. you flew drugs into Mena on the Sugarland, TX express here. Then they would take the helicopter over to Tyson's chicken, stuff the chickens with heroin and away we go-- that was the network.
    • I believe this network is just the same. Fly it over to Beaumont, TX, to Ricelands and then away you go. There are a myriad different products that go to convenient stores {{ for smuggling }}
    • They made their money initially as a wholesaler and moved into retailers networks with the convenience stores
    • You can almost see Barry Seal stuffing the fake nosecones of the planes with drugs. You'll see the film later this year.
    • I think he started in convenience stores first, to establish what I would call a retail foothold of unreliable junkies. The reason to go to the hospital, is to get to a more reliable, predictable stream, and a higher value for the actual opiates that you have in terms of morphine, suboxone, oxycontin, and all the derivatives of opiates.
    • I think you're going to see this constant move {{pattern}} from unreliable junkies to programmatic addiction. {{ working theory: This is why fentanyl is showing up in heroin, to OD users and terrify them into getting 'reliable' pharm quality opiates at corner pain clinics }}
    • Why do I say that? Because Graham Fuller taught Fetah Gulen to do this in 20 different countries.
    • Total number of Dr. Death is 586 people given carcinogens and around 780 claimants
    • When Tariq Awan, the son of Mohammed Shah, comes to Montreal, buys a luxury apt in Toronto. Sets up in Detroit as a Dr of Osteopathy, but then moves to CA, and sets up a company in Las Vegas to bring over people that have been trained in Pakistan into Canada, and then into the US. That looks like another ratline. That's why I kept bringing up the Tariq Awan question
    • "Tariq Awan - TOR, DET, LAS, CA"
    • This Las Vegas firm talks about the Medical Physicist program. This same importation of doctors from overseas, explaining that you only need 2 years in medical physics to move to Canada and then from Canada migrate down to the US
    • The change was in 2011--which was when Hillary was emailing about her Mangoes--that was when they were going to go to Nanoset technologies to use satellites to manage the ratlines. I believe Nanoset up until that time was being used mainly for hacking, putting routers into VA hospitals in VA, MD, TX, AZ, Fla. {{ Stealing info on Americans in order to sell to revenge groups }}
    • The New Dawn 2001 Coporation was called 2001 even though it was started in 2011. {{ Bubbles: "Greasy..." }}
    • The New Dawn was that they were going to manage the ratline through nanoset technologies; nanosatellites--it comes from special forces, they are cheap, they are low orbit, you can watch people's footprints, you can watch ratlines
    • You need an Iridium Satellite phone if you are fighting in the war torn rice mill in the hills of Kashmir because there's no AT&T towers
    • I believe Lahore, PK is where they are reducing the opiates into higher value products
    • They are getting out of being the pack animals in this scenario and adding value all along the way. Eventually with the mango line est. 2011 that cuts out ALL the middle men and they fly directly to Karachi or Lahore and then to Chicago Ohare
    • It wouldn't even surprise me if some private company is working with Nanoset to put nanosatellites in space like Elon Musk
    • Again historical precedence. Comey, Guiliani, we don't have to even make an analogy, it's the same network
    • Palantir is going to manage it all. It integrates the Nanosats with better cameras, pegasus type things. So the Nanosats are your smoke alarms and the Pegasus is your fire extinguisher if you ever have a problem, you can focus in on the ratlines
    • Ex: a flour recall like we had yesterday in Toronto. When flour is your method, this was how the Russian bank guy, the Alfa bank guy made all his money--with biscuits. {{ biscuit billionaire? unlikely }} It's almost obvious, with white powder {{ cocaine }}, you know every fifth bag of white powder {{ is drugs }}. If you have a problem, then you call a recall or you blow up a refrigerated warehouse in Okalaka at American Produce.
    • I shouldn't say that American Produce was a ratline being discovered--being tipped off--I just think they do like all the drug dealers do when they run a proprietary: they run the drugs through as much as possible and when they know they have to shut it down, they leave everyone with debt, and then they burn it down for insurance. The Acosta brothers: another set of brothers!
    • PK ISI organ recap; Awan used car dealer slaying; Awan 111 recaps; counterfeit drug recap; revenge motive and means; IT probe; passport NGA recaps
  • [Day 164.2 Hillary's Hackers, Awan Brothers Saga Deepens - YouTube]
    • Apology to Mike Chernovich, it was a third party who led George to believe Mike Chernovich thought his stuff wasn't well cited
    • George discusses his sources Peter Dale Scott, Engdahl, Seymour Hersh, Talbott's Devil's Chessboard, using mainstream media and public sources along with the researchers and fact-checkers. I put all these citations at the bottom of my presentations.
    • Thank you to Hagman and Hagman for the shout-out on Alex Jones and to Linda West as a guest commentator
    • George visited a lot of Awan companies. People say 'well they aren't related'. That's fine but George discusses all the Awan businesses that are greasy and don't add up. Physical locations that don't exist; inventory that doesn't exist. Websites that need passwords. Legit businesses are advertising and trying to make it easy to see what the business does. {{ Sales are the lifeblood of EVERY business, without it, there is no business. No website to sell, no sales. No inventory, no sales. No advertising, no sales. }}
    • With the medical physcicists, I'm not talking about the US program of medical physicists that is very rigorous like a PhD program.
    • I'm talking about one company in particular in Nevada called "Innovative Medical Physics" that's advertising in PK for 2 year degree program grads to come into the US to be foisted into these programs shooting cancer radiology.
    • And that is the loophole that I was trying to stop there.
    • The fact that Mohammed A Shah is the owner, and he seems to be involved in the Iridium cellphone network in TX, which is used by many drug cartels to manage air, land and sea as your assets are moving, secure communications back and forth to the pilots and so forth--why is that guy also trying to recruit medial people to come into the US--why is it a NV cutout organization and the owners are actually doctors living in CA, and why are they recruiting people to come to Toronto? It just doens't quite jive.
    • But it does have a lot of similarities to the Awans setting up safe house, and providing all the services so you don't leave footprints for people coming into the US, esp VA.
    • You throw that in with all the rice importation and all these murders by PK nationals; Javed Riceland owner being accuesed of murdering someone in PK; you talk about the Awan bros imprisoning their stepmother, threatening her family in PK
    • You look at the technologies they are trying to move toward, away from Iridium, toward the Nanoset/Nanosat, the cubes and that there is a PK conference called Nanoset about emerging IP; it does look like a technology swapmeet / bazaar.
    • You look at the fact the Awans had TOP SECRET access; they could get information on the Council on Foreign Affairs, they would have access to NIH data, info on new drugs, vaccines. They'd have first dibs on letting the Government do the research and then selling that research.
    • Much like Hillary did with the Chinese in last term and in Bill Clinton's administration--but doing it again, but this time through PK nationals.
    • And not having to report those findings because of the LIAISON LOOPHOLE {{??}} I don't have to report those findings to the gang of eight, or any of the House or Senate Subcommittees.
    • And THAT is why I'm out here on the road. Because if somebody isn't pushing the story, doing a little working theory and pushing the edge a little bit, then the story drops.
    • Classic example I'll give is the True Pundit story that started this whole series with 164 days ago which is they published the fact that there were all these emails where Hillary was talking about child exploitation, money laundering, child trafficking, etc. There was a Police Detective Chief Boyce at NYPD. There were several articles that said, the second in command at the FBI, Andrew McCabe, had intimidated people at the NYPD. * Some question TruePundit's credibility but I'll let Chief Robert Boyce come out and deny he said that. And I'll take the chances on defamation.
    • McCabe has never said a word.
    • I believe the NYPD is on MY side. That retired people {{ CIA, NSA, FBI whistleblowers }} are on my side. I believe people in the Field offices are on my side because they know McCabe because they know McCabe has crushed the Hillary, Huma and now the Awan brothers investigations. AND he's the one who ordered the wiretaps of Trump and all his associates
    • Susan Rice is an adviser. She cannot order wiretaps. Those wiretaps were ordered by McCabe, just like he has for the last 20 yrs.
    • Sometimes, to the letter, journalism needs to take a little step back, and have courage to say what is happening in our country.
    • I know that's a little poetic there at the end but that's why I sometimes take those slight leaps of working theory in my report.
    • Thanks everybody and I'll talk to you when we get to Montreal
    • {{ Claps. 911bodysnatchers to GW: I'm so very grateful there are people like you in the world, George. You're the best kind of person. I nominate you to take McCabe's place when he goes to jail. And a Pulitzer }}
  • [Day 165 - Hillary's Hackers, Awan Brothers Saga Deepens, Part 1 - YouTube]
    • @raymcgovern @RT_com @RTUKNews
    • I am going to get to the Syrian gas attacks. I want to go in another direction but sometimes you have to go where the news goes.
    • Following the Awans and their economic hacking of the FDA, NIH, CDC for Tahir Javed
    • This story is going to run through a company called Mylan Pharmaceuticals.
    • You're going to find it down in Sugarland, TX-- sugar is sometimes a euphemism for heroin and cocaine
    • Down in Beaumont, TX you're going to find a whole lot of pharma companies, and the generic king is Mylan.
    • You might know them from the Mylan Epi-pen.
    • HRC made a short demo before the election showing how tough she was against Big Pharma, saying the Epi-pen should be cheaper, which was a dodge from this drug operation going on in Beaumont with Tahir Javed.
    • In support of my Canadian bretheren I thought I would cover the Sarin gas attacks.
    • Again it's not just the means, motive and opportunity, when looking at the news and looking at crimes, you have to look back in history and modus operandi.
    • Through the filter of history, you begin telling the story and understanding the story.
    • Here it is a CIA plan for Syria from 1983 "Bringing Real Muscle to Bear against Syria", discussing the Balkanization of Syria for opening a pipeline to Turkey for Europe.
    • {{ Working Theory: Also did you notice the words "to Bear"-- this is eyewashed spylingo for Russia, this hegelian conflict of creating conflict in Syria to deplete Syrian forces and ultimately topple it has been planned for decades, likely with CIA working with Russia, believe it or not }}
    • You could strip this date out and replace it with today and it would be every bit as applicable today.
    • As a matter of fact, I think that's what the CIA does. It doesn't seem like they write memos anymore. They just change the dates.
    • Here it is: Pressure Assad, Military threats against Syria, Use Iraq Israel Turkey to surround them. Have a simul-attack. "The sole goal is to open the pipeline".
    • I think James Woolsey wrote this 30 yrs ago
    • Get Syria in a 2 front war. Attack from the bottom, attack from the top
    • Through the filter of history I believe you can actually understand what's going on
    • Look at a more recent history: look at the 2 previous gas attacks. The one in Alleppo to open the ratlines to Turkey for the harvesting--child trafficking drugs organ harvesting, etc. Look at the 2nd gas attacks in Ghouta.
    • Mike Morell did both of these as well as Benghazi with Christopher Stevens.
    • UN came out and British Porton Down Lab testing--this is DynCorp. Dyncorp is the joint-venture with Porton Down. Their own people said it was the attack signatures of Gaddafi {{ Gaddafi's sarin }}
    • Here is Fidan at the Whitehouse waving the finger at Obama drawing the redline; like they are trying to do with Trump now.
    • Here is Obama saying "we know" "we about the porton down testing and the attack signatures"
    • I hope Morell on the third time wouldn't be dumb enough to use Gaddafi's attack signatures again.
    • I do want to give a shoutout to Eva Bartlett from the very beginning, pointing out the SOHR / White Helmets as the fakes they are.
    • HRCRatline Middle East Topples recap; and citation of Seymour Hersh's Redline and Ratline
    • You have journalists in these countries saying 'no one is picking up the story that they are stockpiling sarin gas in turkey'
    • Arms going one way, oil going the other way. Just like the Mena ratline; Journalists being killed for reporting on this.
    • Here is the opposition party against Erdrogan saying the same thing, saying Syrian Gov didn't have Sarin Gas; saying that the Turks were stockpiling Atropine {{ antidote to Sarin }}
    • Here are reports that ISIS was getting Atropine before the gas attacks
    • Big CCC/Petrofac/Dyncorp/SOHCFBrown-Braverman connections and HRCRatline and Gladio B/C topples recap
    • "It's a bad script being played out by worse actors"
    • McCabe is using Rice as a human shield like so many others. Eventually he runs out of people to hide behind and will throw Comey under the bus.
    • Kallstrom quote
    • Releasing the 650k Huma Emails and the remaining Hillary emails, the CF / HRC hidden donors, and Awan logs will release the mysteries of the last 20 yrs of McCabe's wiretaps, including but not limited to Benghazi, and the other will be Syria
    • The henchman will be Morell for the Alleppo attack, Ghouta attack and finally history will show it will be Morell for the Idlib attack
  • [Day 165 - Hillary's Hackers, Awan Brothers Saga Deepens, Part 2 - YouTube
    • McGill University and the CIA. My followup here is about the PK Intelligence (ISI) operation to sell illegal synthetic drugs into the Canada Health System, as a stepping stone to then moving on to the US system. The US VA, US Nursing homes, US medicare/medicaid, but esp Medicare.
    • I don't want to get so far into organ harvesting, and ratlines, and child abductions and all t hat stuff because Montreal is a beautiful city. And so much good and so little of this bad stuff. But that's why we make it better. We sweep the streets and make it better.
    • Totoro
  • [Day 165 - Hillary's Hackers, Awan Brothers Saga Deepens, Part 3 - YouTube]
    • This is the famous Raven's crag. This is Allen Medical Institute. This is the birthplace of MKULTRA and MKSEARCH. All the mind control experiments.
    • A lot of folks don't know there was a lot of drug research.
    • MKSEARCH was a search for a truth serum.
    • And there was another search for an incapacitating drug where you would forget everything that happened during your interrogation. {{ They found it: Scopolamine }} It was originally setup for Russian Spies but the CIA co-opted it, in many different ways. A lot of experiments were done on children and young women.
    • And the inevitable happened of course, and it was the exploitation of young children and women, and it became the ultimate date-rape drug
    • {{ ex: see Operation Midnight Climaxx }}
    • It led to the development in the 50s here Sidney Gottleib ran this program and it led to the development of Fentanyl later on, as a way of incapacitating from an aerosol drug and it led to a truth serum Propofol in which a person would completely forget about what was happening to them and become compliant to the torturer. This is where it began.
    • These windows these rooms are where people were tortured and raped.
    • If up on the hill if Priests / Rabbis were given money to the church to place orphans here, and they didn't really know what happened, once the orphans went inside.... Somebody had to place those children here. This really began the first ratline the CIA started, and it started right in 1953, the program with Sidney Gottleib at McGill University.
    • This is where the famous LSD experiments occurred. And a lot of the work of the guy Frank Olsen to make that into an aerosol so you could spray it into a room and incapacitate the people in the room. And then spray Propofol into their nose and make them compliant. This led to a weaponized date-rape drug-that combination.
    • That of course didn't get any less sophisticated over time, it got more sophisticated and is still in use today.
    • The really troubling part....<>

  • [Day 166 - Hillary's Hackers, Awan Brothers Saga Deepens, Part 1 - YouTube
    • Le Green Spot, down by the docks in the port of Montreal
    • You can almost see the Luciano heroin oranges coming off the boat
    • this is the Avelanche de fruite -- le avalanche of fruit
    • It's kind of a neat retro cafe, this is going to be um, this is Marsailles in N. America
    • You can see the Hells Angels in les Trois Riviere intimidating a local convenience store person over here, and potentially talking to another person making fentanyl pills 70 yrs later
    • So anyway we're all recovering from the shock of Trump attacking Syria, but thought I'd do a little retro to make everyone feel better that everything is going to be ok.
  • [Day 166 - Hillary's Hackers, Awan Brothers Saga Deepens, Part 2 - YouTube] -- TRUMP The Othello Edition
    • This is the state capital of New York. More impressive from the other side.
    • This is the home of Eric Schneiderman, the Attorney General of the State of NY, who couldn't quite find his way over 8 yrs to look into the Clinton Foundation. He DID look into Trump University though, that suit is still ongoing
    • Regarding Trump's catastrophe or mistake: I think it's going to be Andrew McCabe again.
    • He's always the Iago waiting behind hte curtains {{ lol }}. If this were Elizabethan times I think he would be the Walsingham listening at the listening screen for Elizabeth. He always seems to be around the curtain at the White House with Preibus, always ordering some kind of surveillance.
    • I think the war is convenient right now to take the emphasis off Brennan ordering the wiretaps.[][][][][]
    • That would eventually led to Clapper and that would have led to MCCabe
    • Why is Trump opening up the ratline in the north for Hillary? For the organ harvesting and the kids, the guns and the oil?
    • And why is he opening up the ratline to the south for Graham and McCain, King Abdullah all the brides going to UAE, Abu Dhabi and Dubai. And all the prisoners who want to donate their organs to all those hospitals Case Western and Mayo clinic in the UAE
    • I don't know why Trump did that. I can only think that Trump is kind of "The Othello" in this situation, where he's just fooled.
    • I think McCable and Morell came to him, and presented some kind of evidence, and there was no Bannon there to say 'hey this is bullshit'
    • I think Trump needs that bullshit-meter that Bannon has, but that he doesn't seem to posess have himself.
    • And he's smart to know he doesn't have that. Especially around National Security: I'm not sure he knows about the Redline and the Ratline by Seymour Hersh, or the Porton Down Testing or UN testing from the earlier cries-of-wolf by Morell.
    • Morell is not dumb enough to use Gaddafi's stores agian. Maybe he is.
    • With using Abdullah--Aman, Jordan stores where they moved the Gaddafi weapons
    • Who knows, maybe this will all work out. It's Gaddafi's Chemical Signatures all over again
    • Trying to make the decision if I go to Springfield Ma, and look at the Awan brothers rice company there or not.
    • It looks like the perfect diffusion point for Boston, Conneticuit or Yale, south of there, and New Haven, and onto NYC
    • I'll have to make that decision in the next couple of minutes
  • [Day 166 - Hillary's Hackers, Awan Brothers Saga Deepens, Part 3 - YouTube]
    • Hartford Conneticuit on the way to New Haven, where Yale is, where Eric Braverman teaches
    • Someone commented, this is kind of a murderer's row {{ points to HRC, Imran, MB, TJ, SB lined up }}
    • Tahir Javed is accused of murdering or having a murder arranged in PK
    • The car company that imran awan was a part of--the registered agent of this company ended up killing someone TheMuslim Brotherhood has killed many people; Sid {{ Blumenthal }} here through Osprey Global and Gen Grange have killed many people in Libya and Syria
    • And Hillary, fill in the blanks
    • It remains to be seen what level of culpability beyond just simple surveillance that Mr. McCabe has through a kind of COINTELPRO-2 that was instituted in 1998 by Hillary.
    • George recaps historical context of CIA drive in 1983 to depose father of Assad to open the pipeline {{ from Saudi to Turkey and Europe }}
    • Truly good reporting starts with a chain of contextuality: Data >> Filter >> Visualize >> Story; rather than just reporting whatever the DoD decides to parrot to you that day from the podium {{ the WH press room trough : nomnomnom news }}
    • I want to remind you of this pipeline plans {{ see above }}
    • Sarin gas attacks being HRC's Libyan Sarin recap
    • Nothing with the Dynamics has changed at all, except for an off-report {{ false report }} by someone in intelligence saying Assad loaded his planes with chemical weapons. I would remind you that the lsat 2 times something like this was reported widely that the UN with Carla Dupont LePonte came back and said, 'no the gas was from Libya, the sarin gas precursurs were from Gaddafi's stores'.
    • Porton down--the original testers of sarin gas on their own people on the coast of England--has said it was Gaddafi's precursors.
    • Mosseti pulitzer--nyt--says that Hillary-MCCain came up with Timber Sycamore in May 2016. Trump is picking up HRC's operation where she left off
    • Even Obama had the chutzpah and the wherewhithal to tell Fidan and Erdrogan that we know this is a false flag attack that it's fake. Trump just needs to have the insight that Obama had.
    • Follow the reporters: here is Serena Shim, Stephen Sotloff, Shifa Gardi, Eva Bartlett
    • Also consider motive.
    • The person who funds White Helminths is a Billionaire CEO of Petrofac who designs oil lines
    • The person who is giving updates to the press regarding SOHR (white helminths) is an oil executive who gives oil lectures in Khazakstan, not a human rights activist. {{ Kamel Rhadan }}
    • {{{ For details on the above, please see the early Cliff Notes on [Truthleaks] George Webb's series, parts 1-10 and search for SOHR, CCC and Petrofac* }}}
    • HRCRatLine Topple recap.
    • Establishing a pattern
    • What-McCabe-Must-Do-Now recap
submitted by 911bodysnatchers322 to TruthLeaks [link] [comments]

2017.04.06 11:16 911bodysnatchers322 PART 24: Cliff Notes, "Awan Brotherhood / Hillary's Hackers"

George Webb
The following are best-effort transcriptions of the George Webb Video Series. The series is a daily, ongoing open source investigation of HRC with researchers in #HRCRatline on twitter and facebook and trello.
Previous Notes
  • [Day 160 - Hillary's Hackers, Awan Brothers Saga Deepens, Part 1 - YouTube
    • In Michigan all day yesterday, didn't get to meet up with anyone I had hoped to
    • Hillary's story is this Arkansas writ large when she goes to DC
    • If you want to sub the AK State Police for the PK intelligence, you'd be pretty close to what's happening now
    • Tahir Javed here, really plays a key role in the old Hillary Riceline south to Haiti;
    • He's doing the same thing except throughout the US, and then laundering the money through his convenience stores like they used to launder money through convenience stores back in AK
    • Dr. Attaya a Syrian doctor in a little town of Lapeer Michigan. I didn't get to meet with the person who broke the story Pfeiffer, Parents against Narcotics
    • Pfeiffer talks about these monster doctors that are overprescribing opiates {{ in a very small town 8800}}
    • Medicare fraud doctor involved is Dr. Attaya. He prescribes Five ODs on methadone within 20 months
    • 7 of the men from LaPeer died within 7 months. A 32 yr old woman almost died in his care during that time. And it's all from methadone which I find interesting.
    • He for some reason doesn't have to show in person {{ in court }}, so no photos of him.
    • He's also involved in the largest medicare fraud scheme ever (33M); a story which would never have come to light had it not been for the Lapeer story
    • This doctor had offices in LaPeer, an even smaller town Davison and in Flint, MI
    • The interesting thing about the medicaid fraud is that the two guys running it were the Javed brothers. Same as the Awan brothers, rolexes, mercedes benz.
    • The owned Urgent cares and nursing homes, and hospice care and palliative care. They were overbilling on opiates and sometimes not even using the services of the physical therapy
    • The older Javed brother is called Tahir so Tahir and Javed is the actual name of the other Tahir Javid running the rice ratline which is interesting. They are brothers one is 45 and the other is 40. You can read US vs Tahir
    • What Loretta Lynch did was she smeared a bunch of other cases in around this, there were 16 cases, and made it a much larger story; but it really all came about because of this one brave woman bringing this story forward and associating all these deaths.
    • What story does this medicare fraud remind you of? Al-Attar
    • It's just a repeating pattern
    • Let's review Tahir Javed in Beumont Texas. What are his convenience stores indicted for? 17 stores in Alabama? This is the old Alabama-Georgia-Florida ricerun. EBT Debit laundering, taking cash for assistance, using it to buy drugs, selling the drugs at a great profit and then sending the money to Yemen. {{ zero foodprints }}
    • Amjad Awan, Hillary Clinton Marc Rich, BCCI--Amjad Awan laundered Mena Airport Cash, Sent the Iran-Contra "Rice" Ratline through TN, AL, GA, FL and Haiti. Bert Lance (thru bank in Georgia), Marc Rich (thru bank in Florida) to Launder Medellin Cartel Money of Pablo Escobar Laundered by Noreiga through Mossak Fonseca. Sentenced to 12 yrs for Laundering
    • This is the same old Arkansas cocaine ratline; only now we're talking about PK heroin.
    • Amjad also ran the heroin line before he came to central america to run the cocaine line. Kind of funny.
    • This is Graham Fuller's old "Russian Plan" -- to infect Russia. Make them drunks make them drug addicts break off the territories around the Soviet Union (which worked very successfully) so that they could make a Pakistan to Turkish drug ratline
    • That is exactly what Gulen did in Central Asia and now he's doing that in the US through Doctors, and Muzzafar Awan
    • We have the man in custody now that ran the Pakistan to Turkey Drugline (Reza Zarrab)
    • The English teachers are the tip off. Bringin in English teachers that can barely speak english into charter schools. This is the 60 minutes report not mine[][][][][]. These are obviously the ones running the ratline.
    • This is going to come back on McCabe, "why aren't you investigating this? With all this evidence??"
    • They trained and used the PK Mujahadeen in Afghanistan to weaken Russia but then moved those people to Albania to take over Bosnia, Kosovo and now all the other troubles with the Muslim Brotherhood which became ISIS in all these different countries and now the United States.
    • I'm going to prove that there is a ratline for organs in Detroit, Wayne State University, at Homen Square for several different Chicago Universities including Northwestern, Johns Hopkins and also Mayo Clinic in Florida.
    • Here is Chuck Grassley Saying, you need to recuse yourself McCabe
    • Giving immunity to Cheryl Mills to get her Laptop. Any Jr. First year FBI agent knows that they don't need to have anything but a search warrant to search a persons laptop, you don't need immunity. They don't need immunity to get Cheryl Mill's laptop
    • Capitol Police have not put out ANY information about what is happening with the Awan brothers
    • Nanoset sells Cisco Routers. It's right on their webpage
    • Hasnat is an expert in Cisco router vulnerabilities
    • There are 36 awan brothers {{ George is linking the companies and the principals listed on them you find the associations, like Begum is related to Hasnat through Nanoset for example -- it's all public data. No mysteries }}
  • [Day 160 - Hillary's Hackers, Awan Brothers Saga Deepens, Part 2 - YouTube
    • Drove 500mi in Michigan
    • Tahir Javed, this ISI guy came in from PK just as Hillary finished up with Bill
    • They were running the Graham Fuller "russia plan" -- the plan to weaken Russia through drugs
    • Hillary is running that plan now on the US, using the Muslim Brotherhood, using the Awan brothers who are acting as the intelligence officers, and la Razza to some extent as the foot soldiers
    • I know that sounds hard to believe but it's actually true
    • This is soft-coup. You nibble at the edges. You drain people of their money through long convalescences. You overdose people so you can get bodies for transplants.
    • You might say that's a macabre subject.
    • {{ The investigation of the monster doctors }} started in the basement of a methodist church in Michigan (Families against Narcotics not Parents) because theya re saying "what is going on with all these people OD''s off the chart, even higher this year when Trump was talking about it last year in the Election.
    • The monster doctors are connected to these Democratic donors who plead guilty to this 33M Medicare scheme: it's the Javed Brothers
    • Javed Brothers recruited the Medicare Fraud OD "monster" doctors, and they went to places like Woodward Urgent Care just outside of Detroit, and then the Javed brothers had many nursing homes, hospice care, palliative care
    • What they are doing is bringing in illegal drugs from PK, watering down the drugs {{ hence the ODs (fentanyl?) }} and taking the real ones {{ prescription }} and selling those through the convenience store loophole. {{ Kill the patients, spare the user }}
    • Where have we seen this {{ fake billing }} before? Awan bros did this before with Al Attar
    • In this case they've split the names it's Tahir and Javed; US versus Tahir, for some reason they felt they needed to in that case. {{ I don't follow George. Are you saying Tahir and Javed are not brothers but Tahir Javed himself, or are you making another 'braverman' / 'awan' comparison? }}
    • {{ Tahir Javed's convenience stores were the ones that were busted }}
    • Tahir Javed also has ties to ISI and is wanted for murder in PK. If you kill people who get in the way of your ratline, then killing an 80 yr old with opiates is nothing.
  • [Day 160 - Hillary's Hackers, Awan Brothers Saga Deepens, Part 3 - YouTube
    • Indiana headed to Detroit after a quick stop in Chicago
    • All roads in this story are headed to Detroit--the Awan story is going to Detroit, several Gulen doctors are going to Detroit and Javed's Riceland hospital is crossing in Detroit. So we have three intersecting lines plus several news events
    • THe Awan Brothers--I believe their father is Syed Pir Mohammed Shah--he's posted all over Imran Awan's facebook. It's also possible it's his trainer, his intelligence trainer who knows. But I'm runing that lead down.
    • Mohammed Shah he came here on a tourist VISA stayed here on a medical VISA, brought his family over, brought his 21-yr-old daughter Tariq, the son who was 15. They asked for asylum and refugee status, and I believe they became Canadian citizens in 2011
    • Tariq I believe now lives in Detroit, and I believe she's a doctor. A DO, I believe Doctor of Opthamology
    • The reason that's important is, if Imran held their stepmother against her will in the Springdale house, and made them change the inheritance, then Tariq might've been cut out of the inheritance
    • Remember the Awan bros, esp Imran threatened to kidnap the relatives of the stepmother Galani in Springdale Va, so that's one person I'm trying to see
    • The other person is Javed, Mr. Riceland Hospital. I believe he's now involved in telemedicine, video remote assist in organ transplants. In addition to that he has imaging companies, and convenience stores that seemed to do a graytrade of welfare cards and EBT cards, to trade those for drugs
    • This is not anti-Muslim, or even anti-Pakistani. This is anti-ISI potentially affecting revenge on US Veterans; George is going on the stories that are reported by the PK stepmother and her caretaketranslator!
    • I'd love to talk to Tariq if I can
    • The other news story was the 33M Medicare fraud. That case starts with a Syrian doctor and opiod deaths in MI.
    • That doctor goes on to open a clinic near Detroit and he is the key guy working with the two Javed brothers in this bilking scheme, giving people drugs they don't need, billing for services that are not provided, or watered down drugs that could be provided through the Javed-Beaumont Texas connection
    • {{ Working Theory }}: Now the Tahir Javed also happens to have 159 companies. He also owns hospice care chain in addition to Riceland hospital doing organ transplants. When I see linkages to the Javed name running this scam in hospice, palliative and nursing home environmemnt it sends off the alarm bells in my mind {{ A stretch -- Weak connections so far }}
    • The other case that came up is Dr Death. Fareed Fara, hundreds of people were killed by this doctor. I don't know where Fara is from, but there were hundreds killed in Detroit. They were given carcinogens. They were given induced cancer. He was given 45 yrs in prison. Also in Detroit.
    • What kind of person would do this?
    • The only thing I could think of is: "If the Awans had been given intelligence from missions that we ran in Afghanistan, and they had actual writeups on the missions, and they knew which soliders had killed who, they would know which American soldiers had taken part in atrocities from those reports. Imran Awan worked for Andre Carson who sits on the emerging threats committtee sitting there and getting those reports
    • There are a lot of things that have happened since Trump took office that lead me to believe that there's leaks and people using surveillance to sabotage these missions, especially the one where the Navy Seal's wife who lost her husband from the plane crash in Yemen. Everyone on the SEAL team it says on the report they were expecting us.
    • Look for the people who have top secret access, who are foreign nationals, look for the people in ISI or whose parents are ISI or police services
    • PK is the center for processing 90% of the world's opium
    • I look to Tahir Javed is also accused of murdering someone in PK. A suit was brought against him in TX for murdering someone in PK; Awans had a registered agent in one of their car dealerships that was murdered 'the monassas murder'
    • Gulen line points directly to Detroit (from Chicago)
    • Both Javed and Gulen show up from PK in 1999, when Hillary and Bill leave the whitehouse in 1999. So they are planning for an intelligence network to be operative while they are doing fundraising and out of power and Hillary is Senator.
    • Muzaffar Awan the number 1 supporter of Gulen is also in Detroit.
    • Sorry this is so long, but I wanted to explain why I'm headed to Detroit
    • I also wanted to meet Sidney Pfeifer in Lapeer, whose son was OD by opiods
    • If this is a revenge network, and people are saying 'it's ok to go after the kids with opiods and it's ok to go after the adults with carcinogens, and it's ok to put all kind of surveillance on families, do life disruption' we have to uncover it. We can't just let this go.
    • I would like this to get more attention so we can get the attention of the folks in the DoD, with Rex Tillerson and Sec of State, Gen Madison
    • This is not an anti-Muslim thing, again I defended a Muslim against FBIs McCabe in the Portland Christmas Tree Bomber Entrapment. I am living the life I am because I did that. I rained on his parade, I called his baby ugly. This is not an anti-Muslim, or anti-Pakistani thing, this is an anti-Pakistani-Intelligence thing.
  • [Day 160 - Hillary's Hackers, Awan Brothers Saga Deepens, Part 4 - YouTube
    • Working theory a little more this video
    • I believe the volume of people coming through the Awan's safehouses that they def. were being trained in Springfield VA on the Global Information Grid
    • As I said earlier this week, I believe the 2 whisleblowers in the Nunes case are aslo going to drop the NGA not just the NSA. I believe they are NSA whistleblowers but I believe they are also going to drop the NGA satellite information.
    • Look up Bouchard the AF Canadian general that ran the Libyan campaign. He broke some very seminal papers on what they call 'Network Centric Warfare'. In warfare, you want to know where your people are, and where the enemie's people are all the time. The normal order of battle is once the general says go, what's called the 'fog of war' comes in you basically have to wait by the phone to find out how the battles are going. As far as troop movements you can't be changing those on the fly. In the fog of war, because youcan't see where your people are, if you enable every piece of equipment with radio capabilities you have this triangulation of every piece on the battlefield and you can always know where everything is. That's why they call it Network-Centric
    • That works exactly the same way for surveillance and that's what he worked on at Norad with surveillance
    • In the surveillance arsenal, in the US as well as 140 different countries that the CIA is in, you have drones, satellites, planes, cameras along the highway, major intersections, all this was put in after 9/11 to prevent terrorist attacks. But if you do access this system then you have the perfect system for managing ratlines. Not just for managing drugs, but also human trafficking and organ harvesting ratlines, where the police aren't being a part of your operation, where the armed forces are so as to avoid the ratline being caught.
    • That's why it's called in Springfield, (it's DISA) the Global Information Grid
    • That's why its so important if you are running rice from Beaumont TX via truck up through Iowa say, and you're near the quad cities and you're ready to launder your money and bulk-break that shipment down, you need to know where everything is along the way. You want everyone showing up, moving quickly and then moving on
    • If there is an interdiction by anyone, you can redirect them, delay the plane, create an explosion, create a fire, creating diversions if you see an interdiction coming about.
    • This is the key skill the CIA needs to teach when foreign nationals come here to train. When you look to see all the people staying with the Awans, it was just training training training
    • Why does Hillary Clinton have the Joint Specrum Center in Columbus Ohio, which is the main funnel point for all of our DoD military information from DISA to go into our Fusion centers for US Law Enforcement. Why? Because she's managing everything. She's calling because she wants to know where people are. So the NGA is going to tell where people are physically. On the ground, the last layer of surveillance is going to be your teams, you're going to have people on the ground following a target around. We don't even care. The target could be ten miles ahead of us, we're tracking it via satellite. We just show up whenver the target stops to eat.
    • All that tracking and you can take the surveilance into harassment, if they are foreign agents or if they are journalists, like myself, you can say we'll just make his life miserable, gradually they'll go nuts like Gary Webb did or Michael Rupert--kind of like slow kill
    • That whole harassment campaign used to be called COINTELPRO with the FBI and with the CIA had a program called CHAOS.
    • These have kind of been merged and combined with these DoD weapons and surveillance systems into an incredible, effective surveillance and harassment system. This is where you can build--because you have such large scale, scalable systems--where you're collecting everything, the imagery the phone calls and then you have pervasive ground people through gladio type units, you really can have a very large number on your enemy list. It's how your watchlist can be 3M people in a population of 350M while the nofly list is only about 100k people that the FBI manages.
    • Mohammed Hunzla and others that came in through the Awan safehouse were wireless hacking, satellite experts.
    • Pakistanis don't have all the satellites we do, and we let them use our Global Information Grid. You're going to find that that grid has been hacked and that we are providing that information to the Pakistanis.
  • [Day 161 - Hillary's Hackers, Awan Brothers Saga Deepens, Part 1 - YouTube
    • The Thing I love about going to physical locations is it's just something you don't get from the news report--they just don't do it
    • Turn your diamonds and gold in across the street from the chronic pain clinic here
    • Right across the parking lot from the pain clinic is the all care pharmacy (looks very old)
    • This just looks like one of those storybook towns from the automotive mfg heyday
    • This is the little town Allen Park
    • M.K. Awan MD {{Muzzafar K not MKUltra}} Pain Clinic, Acupuncture
    • This town's been taken over by "Retail pain clinics"
  • [Day 161 - Hillary's Hackers, Awan Brothers Saga Deepens, Part 2 - YouTube
    • Here in Bloomfield Hills and here it is Woodward Urgent Care for the chemtrail fans--I don't believe in them { even when the US military and wikipedia say they are real?[] }}
    • This the home of Dr. Ataya[]. He is Dr. Methadone. The guy who killed those 6 people in LePeer.
    • He was the MD who was recruited by the Javed brothers that are part of this Beaumont doctors network. Don't know if you saw that on Dr. Awans placard back there but he's part of the network
    • They have these little 'tells'. It's almost obvious that these drugs are coming in from the Beaumont Riceland Farms into these doctors
    • The parable here is you can use History and you can use Religion to do anything you want in terms of creating a crime network.
    • The one Dr. Awan uses is the old Medina-Mecca thing from Mohammed. Mohammed wasn't strong enough to take Mecca (which I would equate to the White neighborhood here), so he had to take Medina first. And he promised everyone in Mecca he wasn't going to bother them. Then he got stronger and 12 yrs later he took Mecca.
    • {{ May I also mention that 'he got stronger' means he recruited thieves, gangsters from Medina, looting the people from Medina to gain in military power, prototype for an Ignatius Loyola trope }}
    • The weapons are not overt--the weapons are methadone, fentanyl, oxycontin, Next door is the bank they laundered money through.
    • This is where it starts. Get an MD first, compromise the doctor then you are on your way. Javed did that with 5 doctors and ended up having the largest Medicare fraud case in the US[][]
    • This is end of life fraud, hospice care, palliative care
    • Javed down in Texas owns Hospice care, imaging companies, end-of-life care situations, retail pain clinics, etc
  • [Day 161 - Hillary's Hackers, Awan Brothers Saga Deepens, Part 3 - YouTube
    • Heading to Flint Michigan,
    • I'm a big Michael Moore fan, used to watch Roger and Me -- he was an investigative journalist
    • Had the chops I thought for truth telling
    • My question to Michael this morning is "where are you now?"
    • This is just as obvious as can be
    • Again, not an anti-muslim thing. Not an anti-PK thing. But it IS an anti ISI thing
    • They are using the pain clinics, starting in poor neighborhoods just like {{LOL's ? Hellowells?}} plan for Harlem going back to lucky Luciano's heroin oranges and heroin trade from Cuba. It's just now called the pain clinic instead of the dope dealer. It's just a replacement of the dope dealers of the 50s in the major cities, with folks who are imports from poor farms trying to get their kids an education and they are trading their kids education for what they 're doing right now. THey are sacrificing for their children in order to have a better life for the kids. Eventual soft-jihad is we'll be all the doctors and then we'll run things and be the politicians.
    • I love that Muslims are coming in, the are fantastic people {{ see past cliff notes for verification }} I just don't want this soft jihad stuff with Gulen
  • [Day 161 - Hillary's Hackers, Awan Brothers Saga Deepens, Part 4 - YouTube
    • The news update. Zero Hedge has been breaking stories left and right.
    • Zero Hedge broke the Braverman story, "Here is the man that can unwind the whole CF" -- That started this whole series, along with the True Pundit article
    • The story they broke is the NGA, the most famous agency you've never heard of
    • Zero Hedge now is predicting that NGA is going to be coming into prominence
    • Zero Hedge is going to be coming into prominence, because this collect-it-all Clapper thing that he's known for with the text, voice died and Snowden stuff, the 2nd Snowden is about to drop
    • There's not one but 2, not just going to be the Nunes Wiretaps and the unmasking, so give credit to ZeroHedge.
    • Amazing news hound in ZeroHedge
    • Sergei Lavrov is the foreign minister of Russia; the number 2 man, kind of like our Rex Tillerson.
    • Lavrov is on RT a lot and is censored a lot in America of course. Ther'es a little bit of propaganda there but he doesn't have the CNN kind of Pravda spin.
    • Lavrov also today said that the US is running the business in Afghanistan, the heroin from Afghanistan to Pakistan
    • Proof of life April 2
    • Lavrov also said this drug business is beyond all comprehension, where it started in 1979 with Amjad Awan taking the plan from Graham Fuller; but it's gone to this 2001 was another inflection point, 2011 was another inflection point--a dramatic increase. And now we're completely poisoining our population with it. It's hidden in plainsight, but this callous disregard {{ for human life }}. How many opiods are being pumped into American society and forced upon society. I normally don't editorialize on news update type videos but I wanted to mention those two stories that broke this morning, and more that coming.
    • CNN is in for a rude awakening on this NGA stuff; let's just let the NGA stuff drop for right now. Thanks.
  • [Day 162 - Hillary's Hackers, Awan Brothers Saga Deepens, Part 1 - YouTube]
    • In Ontario, want to reach out to @EvaKBartlett @RT_com @RTUKNews
    • Awan brotherhood I've connected to the Javed brothers in Detroit {{ via MK Awan Pain Clinic - Ataya - Javed - Beaumont Dr Network}} and the Tahir Javed in Beaumont Texas {{ via the hospice franchisees }}
    • It's just a matter of connecting the dots, firming up things that don't make sense, and connecting where existing ratlines have been before
    • Tahir Javed started out with an imp/ex called Starco impex. He then took control of these convenience stores, FMCG convenience stores. It almost looks like he's working with ISI to have these familes make this "Sophies Choice" about their future. They are sacrificing {{ the illegality risks of }} selling his products in his convenience stores--whatever they are, no questions asked--in exchange for education of their children. A tough decision for any family to make, especially for those in hard finanical situations.
    • I wanted to follow up on Dr. Death Ataya story
    • I don't have the bandwidth to go down this whole story if it's outside of the HRCRatline
    • But I do want to say that the solution is medical marijuana on a national scale initially, if not a total legalization.
    • That's what killed prohibition was legalizing alcohol. It worked before so we have a precedent.
    • Another correction I want to make is I said Dr. Fara and it's actually Dr. FATA. This is the carcinogen king
    • Dr. Ataya is the methodone OD death dealer, he was also involved in the medicare fraud with Javed brothers--they are also heavy Democratic donors
    • I'm in Canada who have run up against this PK ISI network, people who have lived in Karachi. What they say is that the doctor title is used very loosely. I don't want to disparage legit doctors. It seems that they have mostly foreign degrees, and they also have phds in non medical degrees to give legitimacy. A fake doctor is more likely to do fake billing in my estimation than a real doctor that goes through medical school and pays like I did for my son. {{ I knew eventually you'd say my son, the doctor }} When you go through all that at prices Columbia charges you you tend to be a real doctor, and if you pay nothing for it you tend to be a victim of these fraud schemes.
    • Starco started the impex as a control point being the convenience stores
    • I believe Starco is an ISI-CIA joint venture
    • Things dogs don't smell well. Coffee and cigarettes, make for a good cover for drugs
    • Read the USA versus Amjad Awan case. It lays out step-by-step how Iran-Contra ratline was done. There was a film about it last year
    • Muzaffar Awan's Pain Clinic. It seemed to be very easy to go in and get what pharms you wanted with no referral.
    • A 'clutch' of Turkish English school teachers that can't speak English well, but they are in the back upmarking the students standardized scores so that they make sure they get into the best medical schools.
    • There's great kids in the schools, who will make great doctors. But the tradeoff is that they go to visit with the families and the families do become convenience store owners, and they have to make this sophies choice: do I want my child to have a good education? What am I willing to do for it? And they put these folks in a position of desperation that they have to make that choice.
    • Quebec: it looks like Montreal but also Quebec city seems to be where all the medical experiments the CIA is runing with CSIS a lot of immigration ratlines {{ Human Experimentation]]?? }}
    • Toronto side seems to be more focused on intelligence gathering, hacking through universities in Ontario
    • PK in this 111 world are the enforcers
    • The Turks (Gulen movement) in this are the soft-jihad
    • Base One: I believe there are passports being mailed to St Louis, for contractors that are interpreters from Iraq, Afghanistan, PK being brought in and issued passports without any vetting whatseover. That they are being brought into the NGA, and actually being employed at NGA as interpreters. {{ Thus CIA is insourcing islamic soft jihadi intelligence agents to run crime inc: wow. Just: wow. }}
    • To reiterate: the Awans are threatening people with violence. These are tactics used by intelligence agencies and the mafia
    • CIA chose a set of Kosovars in Albania and moved them into Kosovo to affect that change.
    • As ISI has moved around, so too has Dyncorp moved around with the military police training. And so too has the Turkish doctors (organ scoopers), so has the child trafficking. It's all one thing
    • "Judiciary / in the probe official who is / Andrew McCabe / 700,000"
    • Grassley asks if Andrew McCabe ordered the faux-dossier
    • It's just a matter of time before an FBI whistleblower comes forward to tell us who was organizing these quid-pro-quos
    • It's becoming more and more obvious to me that the reason why McCabe asked for 200 agents in Iraq was Not for policing in Iraq but to manage ratlines
    • Crazy article on CNN saying McCabe is involved in sex trafficking--I don't think that's true. I think McCabe is just caught up in a machine that turns people into unscrupulous monsters.
  • [Day 162 - Hillary's Hackers, Awan Brothers Saga Deepens, Part 2 - YouTube]
    • {{A Different }} Tahir Javed was a doctor, a minister of health in PK in 2002; and he was cited for poisoning 200 people with HepC from reusing needles[][[]]() -- exactly the same name. So that's interesting
    • I published a resume or linkedin from Imran Awan where he works LCC, that company that the other guy worked for--a router company. But before that he worked for a company Celplan with one 'l'.
    • Tahir Javid has a huge line of products called Cellplan with two l's. Interesting potential connection of Awans to Javed.
    • When I saw the HepC thing I thought immediately of a veteran who had been infected with HepC around the 2002 timeframe. This was in Missouri.
    • This case I believe was in Missouri. The doctor fled to Lahore PK
    • The ratlines are always the same thing. It's the oil, the sex trafficking, drug trafficking, the organ harvesting and the hacking
    • It's the Pakistanis doing the intelligence stuff and the hacking. It's the Turkish doing the doctor thing and everyone else doing the ratline thing. Muslim Brotherhood being the footsoldiers
    • The update on Dr Fata is he's Lebanese. Catholic Lebanese. Reminds me of the Guistra partner from Lebanon
    • Fata (Dr. Death) was involved in Medicare and Medicaid fraud. That would have been the largest case because of the number of deaths
    • I"m going to be looking at Starco import-export. If I have 500 products I only need 3 or 4 to be conduits for my illegal drugs {{ or just 1 }}
    • The convenience store network is THE perfect methodology for distribution of drugs in the United States {{ Think: "Los Pollos Hermanos" from BB }}
    • "99 people tested positive for hepatitis C, and five people died" (..."blamed islamaphobia")
    • After this outbreak Dr. Tahir Ali Javed flees to PK and becomes the Public Health Minister
    • Suirya Begum the minister at the VA in VA shares a name with the Interior Minister.
    • These government positions have long been known to be cutouts for ISI {{ Our CIA Politicians are Nothing like that! }}
    • It used to be called the Freemont Cancer Center then changed the name to Missouri Valley Cancer Consortium
    • This is an unexpected find this repeated doctors of death thing.
    • Onto a company called AgroMarketing that's based in Toronto and DeMoines Iowa and we'll take on the story there.
  • [Day162 - Hillary's Hackers, Awan Brothers Saga Deepens, Part 3 - YouTube]
    • Fox and Fiddle in Toronto
    • Talking about Rice today, he made a lot of money in rice. Enough to buy a hospital chain, a hospice chain and a slew of convenience stores
    • Given rumors of his ISI background and the murders in PK, there's something more than the rice biz in the US, might be a perfect basmati ability to pass through customs
    • Starco is his chain of stores, Beer wine and heroin. Where they were doing the EBT graymarket scheme
    • Imran Awan and Awans did 4 large shipments 16 months apart
    • The number 1 supplier to Imran Rice Mills is Adeel Rice Mills
    • Imran Rice Mills is in Springfield MA
    • Springfield MA just happens to be on the famous ratline between Monteal and NYC, right in the middle is Springfield MA
    • I don't know if he was driving through oneday and just decided, "hey springfield we have a house in springfield va".
    • Everyone knows that the Hell's Angels are based in Trois Rivières close to Quebec {{ mnemonic: three rivers=trivia=hecate=isis }} running the Canadian drug operations.
    • Adeel Rice Mills, in one year their top importer was the Awan brothers
    • Adeel Rice Mills - Right on the Border of Punjab / India Kashmir, lots of military buildup and violence there
    • There is acompany supporting Adeel Rice Millscalled TEVTA State Support (Technical Education & Vocational Training Authority)
    • Sealcot has the only private airport in all of the country PK
    • Flying Rice must be extremely profitable for the local businesses to pay for it
    • There is a Rice exchange called the Rice Authority based in London. This allows you--if you don't have an organized supply chain--to be able to buy on the spot market.
    • Believe me Cargill and Monsanto don't want to be involved so the spot market is going to be extremely important
    • Awans had technical experts coming in looking at the GIG, grid 3 and 4 where PK is. Managing that border region, managing the shipment all the way down to Karachi, managing the ships, coming all the way through the panama canal to Montreal, managing all the way from Montreal to NY--that's going to be the ratline. Lot of moving pieces to that, rice trading lot of hands. That's why you've got the PK 111th
    • We're going to talk about Agria, a Monsanto and Cargill cutout for the animal pharmaceuticals. They breaking them down, decapsulating them and recapsulating them for human consumption in the US.
submitted by 911bodysnatchers322 to TruthLeaks [link] [comments]

2012.09.28 02:40 alienth Team member / Hospital list

Hola all!
I gathered this information from the public team list. Check here if you'd like to find fellow gamers raising money in your local area, or to find someone raising money for a hospital that you'd like to donate to.
PLEASE NOTE: I had to do a bit of data wrangling to get this, so I may have made mistakes. If the hospital listed on the user page differs from what I list here, please defer to what is on the user page. Also if anything appears wrong here, please give me a heads up.
I'll also be updating this info on a regular basis as we gather more team members.
Official team roster on Extra Life's website - The official roster contains every player listed here. The main difference being you can easily see what hospital people are raising money for on this list.
Team member Hospital
Calvin Campbell AK - The Children's Hospital at Providence
David Figgins AK - The Children's Hospital at Providence
Laurel Gangloff AK - The Children's Hospital at Providence
Victor Dewilde AK - The Children's Hospital at Providence
Matt McDonald AL - Children's of Alabama
Thomas Burton AL - Children's of Alabama
Addison Rees AL - Children's of Alabama
Joseph Simmons AL - Children's of Alabama
vann mcdonald AL - Children's of Alabama
Travis Kinsaul AL - University of South Alabama Children's & Women's Hospital
Aravind Srivatsan AR - Arkansas Children's Hospital
Jordan Daniels AR - Arkansas Children's Hospital
Ian Kamm AR - Arkansas Children's Hospital
Cody Melton AR - Arkansas Children's Hospital
Phillip Oriol AZ - Phoenix Children's Hospital
Jason Josh and Eric AZ - Phoenix Children's Hospital
Ashley Gillaspie AZ - Phoenix Children's Hospital
Matt Schirano AZ - Phoenix Children's Hospital
John Chakravarty AZ - Phoenix Children's Hospital
Max Goldfine AZ - Phoenix Children's Hospital
Robert Sombrero AZ - Phoenix Children's Hospital
russel kuduk AZ - Phoenix Children's Hospital
Brittany McCullough AZ - Phoenix Children's Hospital
Ashouraita Khoshaba AZ - Phoenix Children's Hospital
Grammar wow AZ - Phoenix Children's Hospital
Michael Price AZ - Phoenix Children's Hospital
Steve Mathews AZ - Phoenix Children's Hospital
Ryan Becker AZ - Phoenix Children's Hospital
Hendrick Naranjo AZ - Phoenix Children's Hospital
William Nagel AZ - Phoenix Children's Hospital
Nawras Ali AZ - Phoenix Children's Hospital
Drew Remala AZ - Phoenix Children's Hospital
Jamie Martin AZ - Phoenix Children's Hospital
Stephen Riek AZ - Phoenix Children's Hospital
Matthew Holland AZ - Tucson Medical Center
Patrick Beahan AZ - Tucson Medical Center
Bradley Neppl AZ - Tucson Medical Center
Kamen Heppler AZ - Tucson Medical Center
Peter Damm Krogh CA - CHOC Children's
Amy Lukima CA - Children's Hospital & Research Center Oakland
Robert Fletcher CA - Children's Hospital & Research Center Oakland
Alex Angel CA - Children's Hospital & Research Center Oakland
Jason Harvey CA - Children's Hospital & Research Center Oakland
William He CA - Children's Hospital & Research Center Oakland
Jena Donlin CA - Children's Hospital & Research Center Oakland
Matthew Evans CA - Children's Hospital & Research Center Oakland
Neil Williams CA - Children's Hospital & Research Center Oakland
Andrew Swanson CA - Children's Hospital & Research Center Oakland
Austin Vicars CA - Children's Hospital & Research Center Oakland
David Bryan CA - Children's Hospital & Research Center Oakland
Evan Kurtz CA - Children's Hospital & Research Center Oakland
randyn gries CA - Children's Hospital & Research Center Oakland
Tony Reyes CA - Children's Hospital & Research Center Oakland
Tomas Puig CA - Children's Hospital & Research Center Oakland
Julian Gold CA - Children's Hospital & Research Center Oakland
Jonathan Chan CA - Children's Hospital & Research Center Oakland
connie tran CA - Children's Hospital & Research Center Oakland
Julian Guevara CA - Children's Hospital & Research Center Oakland
Manny Vargas CA - Children's Hospital & Research Center Oakland
Daniel Siegel CA - Children's Hospital & Research Center Oakland
Dustin Kittelson CA - Children's Hospital Central California
Paul Lee CA - Children's Hospital Central California
Patrick Stumps CA - Children's Hospital Central California
Ricardo Lopez CA - Children's Hospital Central California
David Ny CA - Children's Hospital Central California
Marek Karcz CA - Children's Hospital Central California
Jordan O'Connell CA - Children's Hospital Central California
Matthew Cornelison CA - Children's Hospital Central California
Aulani Capuchin CA - Children's Hospital Central California
Casey Haerr CA - Children's Hospital Los Angeles
Kellie Liang CA - Children's Hospital Los Angeles
Brett Bergiadis CA - Children's Hospital Los Angeles
erik grossman CA - Children's Hospital Los Angeles
Eddryan Aranzanso CA - Children's Hospital Los Angeles
Charles Carnevale CA - Children's Hospital Los Angeles
Brian Paknoosh CA - Children's Hospital Los Angeles
Pete Cuellar CA - Children's Hospital Los Angeles
Frank Klun CA - Children's Hospital Los Angeles
Harrison Kener CA - Children's Hospital Los Angeles
Jr Jimenez CA - Children's Hospital Los Angeles
Gwendolyn Green CA - Children's Hospital Los Angeles
Corey Barreras CA - Children's Hospital Los Angeles
David Deans CA - Children's Hospital Los Angeles
Stephen Lyon CA - Children's Hospital Los Angeles
Slade Markham CA - Children's Hospital Los Angeles
Robert Ly CA - Children's Hospital Los Angeles
Gerardo Gonzalez CA - Children's Hospital Los Angeles
Andy Lee CA - Children's Hospital Los Angeles
Nick LoBuglio CA - Children's Hospital Los Angeles
Anthony McKelroy CA - Children's Hospital Los Angeles
Anthony Aguirre CA - Children's Hospital Los Angeles
Andy Nguyen CA - Children's Hospital Los Angeles
Srinivas Paladugu CA - Cottage Children's Hospital
Daniel Levy CA - Lauren Small Children's Medical Center
Raymond Ramzi CA - Lauren Small Children's Medical Center
Andrew Cruzan CA - Lauren Small Children's Medical Center
Nathaniel Ruiz CA - Lauren Small Children's Medical Center
Nicholas Walls CA - Rady Children's Hospital
Teyie & Darrell Duenez CA - Rady Children's Hospital
Andrew Mcatee CA - Rady Children's Hospital
Tony Hernandez CA - Rady Children's Hospital
Jessica Jaszczak CA - Rady Children's Hospital
kyle huston CA - Rady Children's Hospital
sean gerrity CA - Salinas Valley Memorial Hospital
Ben Mears CA - Salinas Valley Memorial Hospital
Jeffrey Marcheschi CA - UC Davis Children's Hospital
Samantha Osborne CA - UC Davis Children's Hospital
James Brower CA - UC Davis Children's Hospital
Robert Wideman CA - UC Davis Children's Hospital
Zachary Zulanas CA - UC Davis Children's Hospital
Jeff Gomez CA - UC Davis Children's Hospital
Mineral Patch CA - UC Davis Children's Hospital
Keith Mitchell CO - Children's Hospital Colorado
Michael Lawrie CO - Children's Hospital Colorado
Quinn Kudzma Park CO - Children's Hospital Colorado
Zach Comm CO - Children's Hospital Colorado
Ali Hazen CO - Children's Hospital Colorado
James Young CO - Children's Hospital Colorado
Devin Green CO - Children's Hospital Colorado
Emil Clausen CO - Children's Hospital Colorado
Tess Collinge CO - Children's Hospital Colorado
Jack Davis CO - Children's Hospital Colorado
Anthony Arroyo CO - Children's Hospital Colorado
Liz Revak CO - Children's Hospital Colorado
Eli Harris CO - Children's Hospital Colorado
Keith Fisette CO - Children's Hospital Colorado
Alex Damle CO - Children's Hospital Colorado
Eliseo Pimienta CO - Children's Hospital Colorado
henry nguyen CO - Children's Hospital Colorado
Brendan Teck CO - Children's Hospital Colorado
Anand Zupa CO - Children's Hospital Colorado
Kae A CT - Connecticut Children's Medical Center
Abraham Deshotel CT - Connecticut Children's Medical Center
Steven Erlingheuser CT - Connecticut Children's Medical Center
Nicholas Nawar CT - Connecticut Children's Medical Center
Anthony Veturis CT - Connecticut Children's Medical Center
Steven Lindblom CT - Connecticut Children's Medical Center
Hamdi Osman CT - Connecticut Children's Medical Center
Jared Rand CT - Connecticut Children's Medical Center
Kyle Marrotte CT - Connecticut Children's Medical Center
William Zhang CT - Connecticut Children's Medical Center
Mark Turner CT - Connecticut Children's Medical Center
Evan Behar DC - Children's National Medical Center
Ryan Slicer DC - Children's National Medical Center
Renee Hupp DC - Children's National Medical Center
Ben Keller DC - Children's National Medical Center
Jin Kim DC - Children's National Medical Center
Jonathan Sweetser DC - Children's National Medical Center
JOSH THOMAS DC - Children's National Medical Center
Josias Laugesen DC - Children's National Medical Center
Ryan Buehl DC - Children's National Medical Center
Spencer Langley DC - Children's National Medical Center
Trevor Houlroyd FL - All Children's Hospital
Ryne Andal FL - All Children's Hospital
Karl Nordentoft FL - All Children's Hospital
Edson Reyes FL - All Children's Hospital
Corbyn Belyea FL - All Children's Hospital
Casey Lippincott And Alison Roy FL - All Children's Hospital
Andrew Garcia FL - All Children's Hospital
Robert Gupton FL - All Children's Hospital
Kristine Smith FL - Arnold Palmer Hospital for Children
Andrew Tyckoson FL - Arnold Palmer Hospital for Children
Lidia Pereira FL - Arnold Palmer Hospital for Children
Edward Fender FL - Arnold Palmer Hospital for Children
Jimmy Vandivier FL - Arnold Palmer Hospital for Children
Josue Morales FL - Miami Children's Hospital
Ryan Brotman FL - Miami Children's Hospital
David Evans FL - Miami Children's Hospital
Jodi Toll FL - Miami Children's Hospital
Neil Goldman FL - Miami Children's Hospital
Lucas Carman FL - Miami Children's Hospital
dallas coury FL - Miami Children's Hospital
Lilybeth Moreno FL - Miami Children's Hospital
Jamison Fitzgerald FL - Sacred Heart Children's Hospital
william burns FL - Sacred Heart Children's Hospital
Brendan Davis FL - Sacred Heart Children's Hospital
Isaac Eiland-Hall FL - Sacred Heart Children's Hospital
matthew martin FL - Sacred Heart Children's Hospital
Michael Anderson FL - Sacred Heart Children's Hospital
Andrew Babula FL - Sacred Heart Children's Hospital
Chris Beall FL - Sacred Heart Children's Hospital
James Bybee FL - Sacred Heart Children's Hospital
Misty Kuryliw FL - Shands Hospital for Children
Cody And Cal FL - Shands Hospital for Children
Jeff Haesemeyer FL - Shands Hospital for Children
Michael Duff FL - Shands Hospital for Children
Luke Bixler FL - Shands Hospital for Children
Alec Mohanlall FL - UF & Shands Jacksonville
Dakota Strickland FL - UF & Shands Jacksonville
Patrick Glover FL - UF & Shands Jacksonville
Kevin Moore FL - UF & Shands Jacksonville
Joseph Jervis GA - Children's Hospital at Memorial University Medical Center
Jason Fiorito GA - Children's Hospital of Atlanta
Will Fuller GA - Children's Hospital of Atlanta
Cassandra Fiorito GA - Children's Hospital of Atlanta
Conley Hooper GA - Children's Hospital of Atlanta
Joseph Garrison GA - Children's Hospital of Atlanta
Eric Capps GA - Children's Hospital of Atlanta
robert clement GA - Children's Hospital of Atlanta
Kristoffer Ramos GA - Children's Hospital of Atlanta
Brannon Lynn GA - Children's Hospital of Atlanta
Alex Faircloth GA - Georgia Health Sciences Children's Medical Center
mark boree GA - The Children's Hospital at the Medical Center
Johanna Murch HI - Kapi'olani Medical Center for Women & Children
Sara Todd HI - Kapi'olani Medical Center for Women & Children
Laura Burch IA - St. Luke's Regional Medical Center
Gavin o Donohue IA - University of Iowa Children's Hospital
Peter Doucette IA - University of Iowa Children's Hospital
Gary Baugher IL - Children's Hospital of Illinois
R. N. Ponce IL - Children's Hospital of Illinois
Michael Wood IL - Children's Hospital of Illinois
Chris Corwin IL - Children's Hospital of Illinois
Jason Butler IL - Children's Hospital of Illinois
Clayton Zelenik IL - Children's Hospital of Illinois
Shane Scanlon IL - Children's Hospital of Illinois
Oscar Mesa IL - Children's Hospital of Illinois
Jesse Zoph IL - Children's Hospital of Illinois
Michael Alliss IL - Children's Hospital of Illinois
Michael Milsap IL - Children's Hospital of Illinois
Jonathan Finger IL - Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago
Michael Gattone IL - Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago
Eric Karkos IL - Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago
Gaming while Drinking IL - Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago
Zach Migler IL - Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago
Robert Gough IL - Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago
Christian Hunt IL - Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago
Anthony Graffia IL - St. John's Children's Hospital
Steven Zheng IL - St. John's Children's Hospital
Christopher Landry IL - St. John's Children's Hospital
Matt P. IN - Riley Hospital for Children
Chris Woodiel IN - Riley Hospital for Children
justin cook IN - Riley Hospital for Children
Bioman 312 IN - Riley Hospital for Children
Keaton Gill IN - Riley Hospital for Children
Anton Beiting IN - Riley Hospital for Children
Christian Sizemore IN - Riley Hospital for Children
Cj Gomez IN - Riley Hospital for Children
Austin McCollom IN - Riley Hospital for Children
Hobo Jones KS - KU Medical Center
Matthew Snively KS - KU Medical Center
Ben Culbertson KS - KU Medical Center
Joshua Benoit KS - KU Medical Center
Briana Stewart KS - KU Medical Center
John Goldsberry KS - KU Medical Center
Justin Mersman KS - KU Medical Center
Levi Wright KS - St. Francis Health Center
Andrew Danielsen KS - St. Francis Health Center
Ben Roller KY - Kentucky Children's Hospital
Nailah McAdams KY - Kentucky Children's Hospital
Travis Ghent KY - Kentucky Children's Hospital
Evan Badgett KY - Kentucky Children's Hospital
Derek Ratliff KY - Kosair Children's Hospital
Brittany Netherton KY - Kosair Children's Hospital
Kayla Walker KY - Kosair Children's Hospital
James Brown KY - Kosair Children's Hospital
Robert Kempton KY - Kosair Children's Hospital
Isaac Erwin KY - Kosair Children's Hospital
Kevin Menendez LA - CHRISTUS St. Frances Cabrini Hospital
David Sneed LA - CHRISTUS Sutton Children's Medical Center
Aaron Smith LA - CHRISTUS Sutton Children's Medical Center
Katherine Ketelsen LA - Children's Hospital - New Orleans
Ajani Aubrey LA - Children's Hospital - New Orleans
Jared Dobiecki MA - Baystate Children's Hospital
Rebecca Poirier MA - Baystate Children's Hospital
Eric Chi MA - Boston Children's Hospital
Ben Gerber MA - Boston Children's Hospital
James Lee MA - Boston Children's Hospital
Michael Palmieri MA - Boston Children's Hospital
Alexander Korzec MA - Boston Children's Hospital
Arthur Chen MA - Boston Children's Hospital
Jonathan J. Reinhart MA - Boston Children's Hospital
Spencer Kaplan MA - Boston Children's Hospital
Mike Horton MA - Boston Children's Hospital
Brian Simpson MA - Boston Children's Hospital
Johnathan Bull MA - Boston Children's Hospital
asdafs asfasdg MA - Boston Children's Hospital
Marco D'Alelio MA - Boston Children's Hospital
Samuel Faucher MA - Boston Children's Hospital
Arnav Mithal MA - Boston Children's Hospital
Patrick Hull MA - Boston Children's Hospital
Walter Bohn MA - Boston Children's Hospital
Andre Imperiali MA - Boston Children's Hospital
Zach Brown MA - Boston Children's Hospital
David Lin MA - Boston Children's Hospital
Steve White MA - Boston Children's Hospital
arose4 benny MD - John Hopkins Children's Center
Roger Ostrander MD - John Hopkins Children's Center
Neema Nobahar MD - John Hopkins Children's Center
Terence Chau MD - John Hopkins Children's Center
Paul Merchant MD - John Hopkins Children's Center
ryan walstad MD - John Hopkins Children's Center
Ethan Bennett MD - John Hopkins Children's Center
Rob Jackson MD - John Hopkins Children's Center
Keitra Grant MD - John Hopkins Children's Center
Devyn Ranere MD - John Hopkins Children's Center
Vasco Cardoso MD - John Hopkins Children's Center
Thomas McClellan ME - Eastern Maine Medical Center
Tyson Gerchow MI - Beaumont Children's Hospital
DANIEL RILEY MI - Beaumont Children's Hospital
Ronald Filloon MI - Beaumont Children's Hospital
Shelley Richards Price MI - Beaumont Children's Hospital
Sean Glasgow MI - Beaumont Children's Hospital
Darol Mooney MI - Beaumont Children's Hospital
Peter Youn MI - Beaumont Children's Hospital
Ling Gu MI - Beaumont Children's Hospital
Robert Rodriguez MI - Beaumont Children's Hospital
Andrew Taurianen MI - Beaumont Children's Hospital
Tyler Kooistra MI - Helen DeVos Children's Hospital
Esther Claes MI - Helen DeVos Children's Hospital
Stephen Erskine MI - Helen DeVos Children's Hospital
Jeff Perry MI - Hurley Medical Center
Kate Nolan MI - Sparrow Hospital
Mohammed Zebdi MI - Sparrow Hospital
Alex Colchin MI - Sparrow Hospital
Carlos Rios MI - Sparrow Hospital
Lydia Chamberlain MI - Sparrow Hospital
Shaurya Srivastava MI - Sparrow Hospital
Al Roth MN - Gillette Children's Specialty Healthcare
Mike Knutson MN - Gillette Children's Specialty Healthcare
Stacey Ahrens MN - Gillette Children's Specialty Healthcare
Jon Cripe MN - Gillette Children's Specialty Healthcare
Meg Martinson MN - Gillette Children's Specialty Healthcare
Tim McKagan MN - Gillette Children's Specialty Healthcare
Olie Hunter MN - Gillette Children's Specialty Healthcare
Corey Livingston MN - Gillette Children's Specialty Healthcare
Evan M MN - Gillette Children's Specialty Healthcare
Lucas Sterzinger MN - Gillette Children's Specialty Healthcare
Zach Bakke MN - Gillette Children's Specialty Healthcare
Zeynep Sabah MN - Gillette Children's Specialty Healthcare
Markus Babris MN - Gillette Children's Specialty Healthcare
Ian Hanger MN - Gillette Children's Specialty Healthcare
Thomas Bonner MN - Gillette Children's Specialty Healthcare
Robert Warren MO - Cardinal Glennon Children's Medical Center
Adam Mitchell MO - Cardinal Glennon Children's Medical Center
ally mikel MO - Cardinal Glennon Children's Medical Center
Kim Harvey MO - Cardinal Glennon Children's Medical Center
Jacob Watters MO - Cardinal Glennon Children's Medical Center
Jonathan Harrell MO - St. Louis Children's Hospital
Johnny Bravo MO - St. Louis Children's Hospital
Forrest Bemis MO - St. Louis Children's Hospital
Michael K MO - St. Louis Children's Hospital
Alex Heberlein MO - St. Louis Children's Hospital
Rory Hayes MO - St. Louis Children's Hospital
Nicholas Draper MO - St. Louis Children's Hospital
Tucker Harrison MO - St. Louis Children's Hospital
adrian sims MO - University of Missouri Children's Hospital
Miles Martin NC - Duke Children's Hospital & Health Center
Clay McPherson NC - Duke Children's Hospital & Health Center
Jonathan Merlini NC - Duke Children's Hospital & Health Center
Tiffany Rose NC - Duke Children's Hospital & Health Center
Kaelyn Burns NC - Duke Children's Hospital & Health Center
Jordan Navarra NC - Levine Children's Hospital
Nick Moore NC - Levine Children's Hospital
Zac Castle NC - Levine Children's Hospital
Brandon Maness NC - Levine Children's Hospital
Brian Goodemote NC - Levine Children's Hospital
Guy Dugma NE - Children's Hospital & Medical Center
Robert Lise NJ - Children's Specialized Hospital
Joshua Habel NJ - Children's Specialized Hospital
David Laube NJ - Children's Specialized Hospital
Josh Hatherell NJ - Children's Specialized Hospital
Jason Rebman NJ - Children's Specialized Hospital
John Meagher NJ - Children's Specialized Hospital
Anthony Borrelli NJ - Children's Specialized Hospital
Vince Yau NJ - Children's Specialized Hospital
Simon Pettigrew NJ - Children's Specialized Hospital
Mike Kost NJ - Children's Specialized Hospital
Chris ely NJ - Children's Specialized Hospital
M Rutman NJ - Children's Specialized Hospital
Nick Romano NJ - Children's Specialized Hospital
jon accarrino NJ - Children's Specialized Hospital
Justin Seely NL - Janeway Children's Hospital Foundation
josh whalen NL - Janeway Children's Hospital Foundation
Adam Wilkins NM - UNM Children's Hospital
David Caldwell NM - UNM Children's Hospital
Jay Jewell-Roth NM - UNM Children's Hospital
Logan Steinhart NV - Renown Children's Hospital
Jonas Morrison NV - Renown Children's Hospital
Alexandros Hatzakis NY - Cohen Children's Medical Center
Rick Caceres NY - Cohen Children's Medical Center
Kelvin Fichter NY - Faxton-St. Luke's Healthcare
Marc Chan NY - Faxton-St. Luke's Healthcare
Ryan Lutrario NY - Golisano Children's Hospital at Strong
Jake Floss & Clay Somes NY - Golisano Children's Hospital at Strong
Mary Behrendt NY - Golisano Children's Hospital at Strong
Eiwe Lingefors NY - Maria Fareri Children's Hospital at Westchest
Sean Bhupathi NY - Maria Fareri Children's Hospital at Westchest
Nora Preis NY - Maria Fareri Children's Hospital at Westchest
Emil Rubakh NY - Maria Fareri Children's Hospital at Westchest
Alexander Abramowitz NY - Maria Fareri Children's Hospital at Westchest
Zak Lazarchuck NY - Samaritan Medical Center
erik martin NY - Samaritan Medical Center
Alan Zhou NY - Samaritan Medical Center
Sabrina Piazza NY - Samaritan Medical Center
Andrew Tellier NY - Samaritan Medical Center
William Pyszczymuka NY - The Children's Hospital at Albany Medical Center
Draven Rodriguez NY - The Children's Hospital at Albany Medical Center
Tyler Nielson NY - The Children's Hospital at Albany Medical Center
Jason Carola NY - The Children's Hospital at Albany Medical Center
Sven Hartmann NY - The Children's Hospital at Albany Medical Center
Dylan Haugen NY - The Children's Hospital at Albany Medical Center
Jonathan Pearson NY - The Children's Hospital at Albany Medical Center
Jeremy Salzer NY - The Children's Hospital at Albany Medical Center
David Barber NY - The Children's Hospital at Montefiore
Shawn Hansen NY - The Children's Hospital at Montefiore
Jeffrey Ortiz NY - The Children's Hospital at Montefiore
Ryan LaFever NY - Upstate Golisano Children's Hospital
Jake Butcher NY - Upstate Golisano Children's Hospital
Miles Avelli NY - Women & Children's Hospital of Buffalo
Hazel Monforton NY - Women & Children's Hospital of Buffalo
Anthony Barest NY - Women & Children's Hospital of Buffalo
Michael Hornsby OH - Akron Children's Hospital
Nicholas Rupe OH - Akron Children's Hospital
Sean McGinnis OH - Akron Children's Hospital
Stephen Boyles OH - Akron Children's Hospital
Lucas Baughman OH - Akron Children's Hospital
James Ede OH - Akron Children's Hospital
Joe McCormack OH - Cincinnati Children's
Allan Curl OH - Cincinnati Children's
Mitchell Fryman OH - Cincinnati Children's
Robbie Coleman OH - Cincinnati Children's
Adam Gilvin OH - Cincinnati Children's
Aaron Cole OH - Cincinnati Children's
Jake Maxwell OH - Cincinnati Children's
Kacey Caviness OH - Cincinnati Children's
Jerry Simon OH - Dayton Children's Medical Center
Patrick Taylor OH - Dayton Children's Medical Center
Justin Baltes OH - Dayton Children's Medical Center
Joshua Knight OH - Dayton Children's Medical Center
Connor Erbacher OH - Dayton Children's Medical Center
Jong Hyun Lee OH - Dayton Children's Medical Center
Ahmed Youes OH - Mercy Children's Hospital
Jennifer Spadafino and JD Lowe OH - Nationwide Children's Hospital
Trentin Priebe OH - Nationwide Children's Hospital
Joey Gore OH - Nationwide Children's Hospital
Robert Hall OH - Nationwide Children's Hospital
Andrzej Kaminski OH - Nationwide Children's Hospital
Sarah Howland OH - Nationwide Children's Hospital
adam robbert OH - Nationwide Children's Hospital
Lassi Paavola OH - Nationwide Children's Hospital
David Anderson OH - Nationwide Children's Hospital
Matthew Klaasse OH - UH Rainbow Babies & Children's Hospital
Max Magid OH - UH Rainbow Babies & Children's Hospital
Brandon Rosborough OH - UH Rainbow Babies & Children's Hospital
Nathan Perry OK - Children's Hospital Foundation
Tim Kelly OK - Children's Hospital Foundation
Anthony Pego OK - Children's Hospital Foundation
Azure Klein OK - Children's Hospital Foundation
Brandon Rothfusz OK - Children's Hospital Foundation
James Foulks OK - Children's Hospital Foundation
leeland kimmel OK - Children's Hospital Foundation
Dakota Canaday OK - Children's Hospital Foundation
Brian Carpenter OK - The Children's Hospital at Saint Francis
Max Goodman OR - Doernbecher Children's Hospital
Victoria Thammavong OR - Doernbecher Children's Hospital
Tess Huerta OR - Doernbecher Children's Hospital
Michael Alker OR - Doernbecher Children's Hospital
David Dunnaway OR - Doernbecher Children's Hospital
Cole Ballinger OR - Doernbecher Children's Hospital
Jeff Haskett-Wood OR - Doernbecher Children's Hospital
Marty Paterson OR - Doernbecher Children's Hospital
Josiah Olsen OR - Rogue Valley Medical Center
Michael Halka OR - Sacred Heart Medical Center
Andrew Quackenbos PA - Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh of UPMC
mark meyers PA - Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh of UPMC
Mackenzie Anderson PA - Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh of UPMC
Nick Spohn PA - Penn State Hershey Children's Hospital at Pen
Garrett Demaree PA - Penn State Hershey Children's Hospital at Pen
Kiera Herbert PA - The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
Nicole Thomas PA - The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
Elisabeth Flannagan PA - The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
Anthony Briglia PA - The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
Nicole Henion PA - The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
Alex Shegda PA - The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
Joseph Sears PA - The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
Colin Haley PA - The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
Justin Thomas PA - The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
Tyler Bouchard PA - The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
Kevin Richard PA - The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
orangiraffe 68 PA - The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
Matthew Schwartz PA - The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
Griffin Jones PA - The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
Jonathan Marciano PA - The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
Collin Inman RI - Hasbro Children's Hospital
Ragnar Sigurðarson RI - Hasbro Children's Hospital
Hrannar Karlsson RI - Hasbro Children's Hospital
Evan Wilson SC - GHS Children's Hospital
Gabriel Prates SC - GHS Children's Hospital
Jacob Cole SC - GHS Children's Hospital
Charles Figel SC - GHS Children's Hospital
Nick casselman SC - MUSC Children's Hospital
Luke Smith SD - Rapid City Regional Hospital
Travis Szabo SD - Sanford Health USD Medical Center
Samuel Kershaw TN - East Tennessee Children's Hospital
Kyle Parsley TN - East Tennessee Children's Hospital
Tyler Price TN - East Tennessee Children's Hospital
Chris Dion TN - Le Bonheur Children's Medical Center
Zachary White TN - Le Bonheur Children's Medical Center
Patrick Roberts TN - Monroe Carell Jr. Children's Hospital at Vanderbilt
Iris Trevino TX - CHRISTUS Santa Rosa Children's Hospital
Brandon Krist TX - Children's Medical Center
Brendan Honea TX - Children's Medical Center
Wayne Stringfield TX - Children's Medical Center
Daniel Miller TX - Children's Medical Center
Kevin Vensel TX - Cook Children's Medical Center
Michael Haberman TX - Cook Children's Medical Center
Evan Earley TX - Cook Children's Medical Center
Marc Rebillet TX - Cook Children's Medical Center
Hailey Ivy TX - Dell Children's Medical Center of Central Texas
Bryce Hebert TX - Dell Children's Medical Center of Central Texas
Keaton McDonald TX - Dell Children's Medical Center of Central Texas
Eric Brittain TX - Driscoll Children's Hospital
Ricky Gomez TX - Driscoll Children's Hospital
Jorge Villagrana TX - El Paso Children's Hospital
Edwin Bruno TX - Hendrick Children's Hospital
Roberto Mendoza TX - Texas Children's Hospital
Lindsey * TX - Texas Children's Hospital
Ian Adler TX - Texas Children's Hospital
Ian Adler TX - Texas Children's Hospital
Roger Rodriguez TX - Texas Children's Hospital
Eric Hailey TX - Texas Children's Hospital
Isaac Humphreys TX - Texas Children's Hospital
Andres Hernandez TX - Texas Children's Hospital
Christa Church TX - Texas Children's Hospital
Daniel Zoch TX - Texas Children's Hospital
Calvin Do TX - Texas Children's Hospital
Henry Han TX - Texas Children's Hospital
Joshua Reyes TX - Texas Children's Hospital
Jose Munoz TX - Texas Children's Hospital
Antonio Frausto TX - Texas Children's Hospital
Paul Empire TX - Texas Children's Hospital
Eric Saupe UT - Primary Children's Medical Center
Amy Barker UT - Primary Children's Medical Center
Amy Barker UT - Primary Children's Medical Center
Tyler Mitchell UT - Primary Children's Medical Center
Devan Saxton UT - Primary Children's Medical Center
Cameron Leonard VA - Carilion Clinic Children's Hospital
Keith Shifflett VA - Children's Hospital of Richmond
Shahrum Amiri VA - Children's Hospital of Richmond
Joshua Macauley VA - Children's Hospital of Richmond
Eric Lee VA - Children's Hospital of Richmond
Jessica Koh VA - Children's Hospital of Richmond
Andrew Berke VA - Children's Hospital of Richmond
Angel Umana VA - Children's Hospital of Richmond
Robert Sweetman VA - Children's Hospital of Richmond
Tim Omps VA - Children's Hospital of The King's Daughters
Christopher Clark VA - Children's Hospital of The King's Daughters
Brenna Rector VA - Children's Hospital of The King's Daughters
Kenneth Hydock VA - Children's Hospital of The King's Daughters
Boyd Pellett VT - Vermont Children's Hospital
Victor Chobot VT - Vermont Children's Hospital
David Billetdeaux WA - Children's Miracle Network Hospital
Joe Gilles WA - Children's Miracle Network Hospital
David Evans WA - Children's Miracle Network Hospital
kiddi godfrey WA - Children's Miracle Network Hospital
Thomas McGuire WA - Children's Miracle Network Hospital
Michael Williams WA - Seattle Children's Hospital
James MacLeod WA - Seattle Children's Hospital
Justin Arthur WA - Seattle Children's Hospital
Christen Brown WA - Seattle Children's Hospital
Colin Owens WA - Seattle Children's Hospital
Matt Moats WA - Seattle Children's Hospital
Brandon Krueger WA - Seattle Children's Hospital
Sean Boden WA - Seattle Children's Hospital
Anna Schreter WA - Seattle Children's Hospital
Kasra Rahjerdi WA - Seattle Children's Hospital
carl redman WA - Seattle Children's Hospital
Dustin Larson WA - Seattle Children's Hospital
Chan Cho WA - Seattle Children's Hospital
Benedict Urand WA - Seattle Children's Hospital
Sam Williams WA - Seattle Children's Hospital
Andrew Carle WA - Seattle Children's Hospital
Gabe Lee WA - Seattle Children's Hospital
Paul Wisdom WA - Seattle Children's Hospital
Tim Schaab WI - Children's Hospital of Wisconsin
Gregory Cota WI - Children's Hospital of Wisconsin
Joshuah Short WI - Children's Hospital of Wisconsin
James Rupiper WI - Children's Hospital of Wisconsin
Becca Mitchell WI - Children's Hospital of Wisconsin
Tyler DeGreef WI - Children's Hospital of Wisconsin
Dakota Hamilton WI - Children's Hospital of Wisconsin
Daryl Moehrke WI - Ministry Saint Joseph's Children's Hospital
Jesse Dautremont Alberta, Canada - Alberta Children's Hospital Foundation
Kathleen Sawisky Alberta, Canada - Alberta Children's Hospital Foundation
Mike Hracs Alberta, Canada - Alberta Children's Hospital Foundation
Mitchell Duckett Alberta, Canada - Alberta Children's Hospital Foundation
braden welsh Alberta, Canada - Alberta Children's Hospital Foundation
Dustin Klatt Alberta, Canada - Alberta Children's Hospital Foundation
Taylor Hurst Alberta, Canada - Alberta Children's Hospital Foundation
Jonathan Mattheys Alberta, Canada - Alberta Children's Hospital Foundation
Jesse Cochrane Alberta, Canada - Alberta Children's Hospital Foundation
Trevor Hardy Alberta, Canada - Stollery Children's Hospital Foundation
Daniel Sands Alberta, Canada - Stollery Children's Hospital Foundation
Selina openfyre Alberta, Canada - Stollery Children's Hospital Foundation
Carter Raimondi Alberta, Canada - Stollery Children's Hospital Foundation
Josh Scott Alberta, Canada - Stollery Children's Hospital Foundation
Hailey Harte British Columbia, Canada - BC Children's Hospital
Glitch 1337 British Columbia, Canada - BC Children's Hospital
John Gamba British Columbia, Canada - BC Children's Hospital
Leslie Cheng British Columbia, Canada - BC Children's Hospital
David Ming British Columbia, Canada - BC Children's Hospital
Ryan Olson British Columbia, Canada - BC Children's Hospital
Leo Lin British Columbia, Canada - BC Children's Hospital
Alex Chung British Columbia, Canada - BC Children's Hospital
Mark Sherbinin British Columbia, Canada - BC Children's Hospital
Jessica Logan British Columbia, Canada - BC Children's Hospital
Britanny Matthews British Columbia, Canada - BC Children's Hospital
Leyasha Beirness British Columbia, Canada - BC Children's Hospital
Shawn Bernard Manitoba, Canada - Children's Hospital Foundation of Manitoba
Reynard Dela Torre Manitoba, Canada - Children's Hospital Foundation of Manitoba
clayton swistun Manitoba, Canada - Children's Hospital Foundation of Manitoba
Jeff Lefebvre Manitoba, Canada - Children's Hospital Foundation of Manitoba
Liam Berry Manitoba, Canada - Children's Hospital Foundation of Manitoba
Eric Fournier Nova Scotia, Canada - IWK Health Centre Foundation
levi laurie Nova Scotia, Canada - IWK Health Centre Foundation
Anthony Colford Nova Scotia, Canada - IWK Health Centre Foundation
Maggie Bell Ontaio, Canada - McMaster Children's Hospital
Kyle Caron Ontaio, Canada - McMaster Children's Hospital
Adam Barker Ontaio, Canada - McMaster Children's Hospital
Sophan Cheav Ontaio, Canada - SickKids Foundation
Michael Marek Ontaio, Canada - SickKids Foundation
GBR Gaming Ontaio, Canada - SickKids Foundation
Mark Tome Ontaio, Canada - SickKids Foundation
Michael Hoyle Ontaio, Canada - SickKids Foundation
Leo Palermo Ontaio, Canada - SickKids Foundation
Habeeba Rady Ontaio, Canada - SickKids Foundation
Jason Burditt Ontaio, Canada - SickKids Foundation
Tyler Sutherland Ontaio, Canada - SickKids Foundation
River Kriegizas Ontaio, Canada - SickKids Foundation
Chris Atkins Ontaio, Canada - SickKids Foundation
derek moore Ontaio, Canada - SickKids Foundation
Tarun Cherian Ontaio, Canada - SickKids Foundation
Remmington Smith Ontaio, Canada - SickKids Foundation
Damien Hill Ontaio, Canada - SickKids Foundation
Trent McCauley Ontaio, Canada - SickKids Foundation
Joseph Kusters Ontario, Canada - Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario Foundation
Gabby Felio Ontario, Canada - Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario Foundation
David Charles Ontario, Canada - Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario Foundation
Tyler Mezger Ontario, Canada - Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario Foundation
Aram Ovsepian Ontario, Canada - Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario Foundation
Simon Marcoux Qeubec, Canada - Operation Enfant Soleil
Tyler Kipps Qeubec, Canada - Operation Enfant Soleil
Patrick Gagné Qeubec, Canada - Operation Enfant Soleil
Vincent Duparc Qeubec, Canada - Operation Enfant Soleil
Jeff Boutet Qeubec, Canada - Operation Enfant Soleil
José Carlos Marquetti Junior Qeubec, Canada - Operation Enfant Soleil
Jake Amy Saskatchewan, Canada - Children's Hospital Foundation of Saskatchewan
Ben Pritchard UK - Bristol Royal Hospital for Children
Samuel Benzie UK - Bristol Royal Hospital for Children
Joanna Micco UK - Bristol Royal Hospital for Children
Zul & Paul UK - Bristol Royal Hospital for Children
Connor Osadczuk UK - Bristol Royal Hospital for Children
Max Bush UK - Bristol Royal Hospital for Children
Dale Nash UK - Bristol Royal Hospital for Children
Andreas Biegel UK - Bristol Royal Hospital for Children
Jacob Townsend UK - Bristol Royal Hospital for Children
Peter Linux UK - Bristol Royal Hospital for Children
Harry Hewitt UK - Bristol Royal Hospital for Children
Ivan Batakov UK - Bristol Royal Hospital for Children
Roen Lachlan UK - Bristol Royal Hospital for Children
Dave Christie UK - Bristol Royal Hospital for Children
Will Bougourd UK - Bristol Royal Hospital for Children
rob howard UK - Bristol Royal Hospital for Children
matthew axten UK - Bristol Royal Hospital for Children
Ben Anuworakarn UK - Bristol Royal Hospital for Children
Nick Bellamy UK - Bristol Royal Hospital for Children
Marius Johansen UK - Bristol Royal Hospital for Children
Harry McGee UK - Bristol Royal Hospital for Children
Nye Prior Wales, UK - Children's Hospital for Wales
Tim Reynolds Wales, UK - Children's Hospital for Wales
Josh Wardle Wales, UK - Children's Hospital for Wales
Loris Mori Wales, UK - Children's Hospital for Wales
sidharth reji Wales, UK - Children's Hospital for Wales
Hannah Jones Wales, UK - Children's Hospital for Wales
Bartosz Zelaznicki Wales, UK - Children's Hospital for Wales
Daði Hauksson Wales, UK - Children's Hospital for Wales
Vito Bošnjak Ireland - Mercy Hospital Foundation
Tobias Hansen Ireland - Temple Street Children's University Hospital
Christopher Mc Auley Ireland - Temple Street Children's University Hospital
Dean Hanna Ireland - The National Children's Hospital, Tallaght
Richard Flack Westmead, Australia - Children's Hospital at Westmead
Brennan Wilson Westmead, Australia - Children's Hospital at Westmead
Vegas James Westmead, Australia - Children's Hospital at Westmead
Ben Leneham Westmead, Australia - Children's Hospital at Westmead
Josh McFerran Westmead, Australia - Children's Hospital at Westmead
Alan R Westmead, Australia - Children's Hospital at Westmead
Victor Augusteo Westmead, Australia - Children's Hospital at Westmead
Andrew Acton Westmead, Australia - Children's Hospital at Westmead
Dylan Anderson Westmead, Australia - Children's Hospital at Westmead
Joseph Guthrie Westmead, Australia - Children's Hospital at Westmead
Kyle Dixon Westmead, Australia - Children's Hospital at Westmead
Epic Nub Westmead, Australia - Children's Hospital at Westmead
Epic Nub Westmead, Australia - Children's Hospital at Westmead
Tristan Davies Westmead, Australia - Children's Hospital at Westmead
Zace Trurner Westmead, Australia - Children's Hospital at Westmead
Ian McDougald Children's Health Foundation
German Franco Children's Health Foundation
Mr EVOLVF Children's Miracle Network Hospitals
Jesse Watts Children's Miracle Network Hospitals
James Condon Children's Miracle Network Hospitals
Declan Keighley Children's Miracle Network Hospitals
Iura Boncalo Children's Miracle Network Hospitals
Samuel Koch Children's Miracle Network Hospitals
Tejas Kumar Children's Miracle Network Hospitals
Tye Walker Children's Miracle Network Hospitals
Rodolfo Rivera Children's Miracle Network Hospitals
Jack Carlin Children's Miracle Network Hospitals
Simon Bøgelund Children's Miracle Network Hospitals
Garret MacTavish Children's Miracle Network Hospitals
Henrik Bergman Children's Miracle Network Hospitals
Grace Feng Children's Miracle Network Hospitals
Jakob Biddle Children's Miracle Network Hospitals
Ian Rose Children's Miracle Network Hospitals
Nicholas Roge Children's Miracle Network Hospitals
Gustavo Bitencourt Children's Miracle Network Hospitals
Matthew Hoffmann Children's Miracle Network Hospitals
Rachel Teng Children's Miracle Network Hospitals
Lecornu jeremie Children's Miracle Network Hospitals
Allan Jensen Children's Miracle Network Hospitals
Joel Pålsson Children's Miracle Network Hospitals
Cristina Quesada Children's Miracle Network Hospitals
Niklas Hansen Children's Miracle Network Hospitals
Gerard Druggan Children's Miracle Network Hospitals
Wayne Lee Children's Miracle Network Hospitals
Emil Hagbard Lorenzen Children's Miracle Network Hospitals
Kevin Koehler Children's Miracle Network Hospitals
Oscar Lager Children's Miracle Network Hospitals
Sami-Pekka Lehmuskoski Children's Miracle Network Hospitals
Wagner Takeda Children's Miracle Network Hospitals
Arjun Sivakumar Children's Miracle Network Hospitals
Lucas Teglgård Children's Miracle Network Hospitals
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